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Viktor Schauberger and the Secrets of Natural Energy 



Publisher's Note 8 

List of illustrations 9 

Foreword by Kai Curry-Lindahl 1 1 

Introduction 13 

1. Who Was Viktor Schauberger? 17 

2. New Techniques of Water Management 39 

3. Schauberger's Teachings on Water 50 

4. The Life and Death of a Forest 66 

5. Perpetual Motion 76 

6. Implosion and Biosynthesis 83 

7. A Meeting With Hitler 88 

8. Wartime Experiences 92 

9. Biological Techniques in Agriculture 96 

10 Schauberger's Criticism of Science and Society 111 

11 The Final Years 116 

12 Schauberger's Heritage 124 

13 The Spreading Scientific Search 129 
Appendix I Contemporary Applications of Vortex 141 

Appendix II Physics and The Vortex 150 

Notes 152 

Bibliography 158 

Index 161 


The first English language publication of this title in 1982 
attracted much curiosity, but there were not, at that time, 
many projects in vortex research. Awareness of the world 
ecological crisis has stimulated much creative thought, so we 
considered it relevant to add some new material. The appen- 
dices therefore contribute information on new research pro- 
jects and on the links of vortex theory to fundamental physics. 


1. Viktor Schauberger 16 

2. Grass Snake Swimming 26 

3. Log Flumes at Neuberg 30 

4. Water Disturbance Patterns 35 

5. Natural River Profiles 38 

6. Flood Control Scheme 42 

7. The Dying Rhine 46 

8. 'Energy Bodies' placed in a Stream 48 

9. Motion Within a Water Droplet 51 

10. A Mountain Stream 57 

11. 'Living Water' Machine, Mk. I 60 

12. Living Water' Machine, Mk. II 62 

13. Swedish Biological Synthesising Machine 63 

14. Double Spiral Pipe 64 

15. Ground Preparation after Tree Felling 70 

16. A Polluted River 78 

17. Pipes for Liquids and Gas 86 

18. The Nurnberg Experiment 90 

19. The Domestic Power Station 91 

20. Models of Flying Saucers 95 

21. Heart of a Cockchafer 99 

22. The Spiral Plow 104 

23. 'Noble' Compost Heap 108 

24. Kudu Antelope Spiral 118 

25. Graph of Stuttgart Tests 119 

26. Water Vortex 126 

27. Walter Schauberger 130 

28. Pythagoras-Kepler School 132 

29. Virbela Flow Forms 135 

30. Apparatus for Oxegenating Water 136 


31 Accelerators for Nuclear Fusion 137 

32 Nebula Spiral 138 

33 A Cycloid Curve 151 

34 Schauberger's adapted Cycloidal Curve 151 

35 Hyperbolic Spiral 152 


Viktor Schauberger's early appreciation of the intimate relation- 
ship between water and forest, and their dual influence upon 
water resource management, the landscape's health within 
particular precipitation areas - is undoubtedly correct. His 
perception of these complex and important questions of 
human existence was rooted in his experiences within the 
natural environment of temperate Austria Here the natural 
processes of destruction are slow in reaction to human 
environmental mistakes. In the tropics, where the landscape is 
more vulnerable, the rapid consequences of human forest 
clearance are more obvious and extensive. This often leads to 
the collapse of the drainage system, serious erosion, the 
destruction of productive land, the disappearance of vegetation 
and fauna, aridity, and even negative repercussions far out to 
sea, because of the river's unnatural sedimentary outflow 
reducing the light intensity of coastal waters, thus killing coral 
reefs which had provided living and breeding grounds for 
commercially important fish species living in the open sea 

Schauberger's theories about Europe are, in the tropics, 
thus verified in a convincing and shocking way. We, in the 
temperature regions will, in the long run, experience similar 
damage to our renewable natural resources if harmful eco- 
logical measures are allowed to continue within the productive 

Man has a propensity to plan and execute the exploitation 
of natural resources with sights set on immediate or the 
earliest possible returns, without regard to the long-term 
perspectives or ecological relationships. Modern forestry 
illustrates this. To survive, we shall have to think and plan 
within an ecosystematic dimension, which demands that we 



respect and protect the ecological and genetic processes that 
are the basis for our existence; in other words, the inter- 
relationship between water-soil-vegetation and animals. 
Nature's plan is that they should coexist in perfect harmony. 

Kai Curry-Lindahl, 
Senior Advisor, United Nations Environment Programme 


Many people suggested that I write a book on Viktor 
Schauberger, the extraordinary natural scientist, inventor and 
philosopher. Already in the 1920s he forewarned us, in 
speeches and articles, of the environmental crisis in which we 
are now caught and from which we seem to have little hope of 
escaping. In his lifetime he met mostly resistance and scorn, 
but now interest in his life and work is increasing in many parts 
of the world. People are impressed by this powerful character 
who had such a tragic destiny, and by the audacious theories 
with which he wanted to transform the world. 

Viktor Schauberger was not a learned man in the conven- 
tional scientific sense. He had, however, seen right into the 
depths of the workings of Nature, and his theories are based 
on his own understanding of Nature's life and functions. He 
was, of course, an outsider, an individualist; but history 
teaches us that, even within natural science, such people have 
frequendy produced epoch-making discoveries, while in their 
own lifetimes being considered ignorant laymen by the 
learned world. Seldom achieving recognition themselves, 
following generations have often had cause to bless their work. 
It is possible that Viktor Schauberger will one day be included 
in this category of scientist 

Until now there has existed no English language literature 
on Viktor Schauberger, except for some articles in that 
important but little known magazine The Men of the Trees. This 
book is a modest attempt to present some material on his life 
and work that I have collected since 1956, when I first became 
aware of him. I did not meet him personally but a long 
friendship with his son, Walter Schauberger, and with several 
of Viktor Schauberger's old friends and colleagues have made 



me feel close to him and his work. 

This is not a biography, and even less a detailed exposition 
of his theories. In the main I have allowed Schauberger 
himself and his close associates to do the explaining, and have 
tried to restrict my own commentary as much as possible. 

I am aware that the information for the basis of this book is 
fragile. Part of what he himself wrote was lost during his fateful 
trip to the United States, the trip that undoubtedly led 
indirecdy to his death. For practical reasons I have not been 
able to use further special sources; so it is possible that there 
are omissions and possibly some mistakes in the text. On the 
whole, however, the story is true. 

I have thought it unnecessary to quote all my sources in the 
text For those interested, the main sources are listed at the 
end. I hope the reader will not be exasperated by complex 
wording that appears, sometimes without explanation, in the 
quotations. Viktor Schauberger's language is sometimes diffi- 
cult to understand and to translate. He was often forced to use 
prevailing technical terms which he redefined in order to 
explain his theories, as the old definitions did not express what 
he wanted to say. Occasionally, he created new concepts which 
can be very difficult to understand. He was aware of the 
problems this could lead to, but he saw no alternative. The 
words of one of his colleagues, Professor Wilhelm Baiters 
comes to mind: 'How can it be easy to understand Father 
Schauberger's language - his work belongs to the future'. 

This is not the place to discuss the validity of his theories. 
Up until now, only a small number of them have been able to 
be tested. He may have been wrong in some, and misunder- 
stood other things he observed in Nature; but nevertheless, 
what remains clear is that, if his central theme is correct, then 
this embodies a revolutionary discovery of crucial importance. 
Viktor Schauberger's central theme was:' Prevailing technology 
uses the wrong forms of motion. Our machines and processes 
channel such agents as air, water and other liquids and gases 
into the type of motion which Nature only uses to decompose 
and dissolve matter. Nature uses another form of motion for 
rebuilding. When our technology only uses the decomposing 
motion, it becomes a dead technology, a destructive one, 
dangerously affecting all of Nature.' 

Instead, Viktor Schauberger wished to make practical use of 
nature's reconstituting principle of 'cycloid spiral motion'. In 



this he succeeded in some way, though not in others. His des- 
cription of what he experienced in Nature can sometimes 
sound like pure fantasy. However, it should be remembered 
that much of what Viktor Schauberger studied for so many 
years cannot now be seen, for the natural environment in 
which he lived is now no more. Nothing alters the fact that the 
phenomena he describes could have naturally occurred in the 
unspoiled surroundings of his younger days, and that they 
have now disappeared through the environmental destruction 
that has broken down Nature's interconnectedness. His atti- 
tudes towards economic development in the world may seem 
exaggerated. Those around him in the 1920s and 1930s often 
found cause to be amused by his prophecies of doom; for 
example, that a botde of water would soon become more 
expensive than a botde of wine. Now, fifty years later, both this 
and other of his prophecies have become a reality in many 
parts of the world. 

Viktor Schauberger can be criticized in many ways; but 
however his theories are regarded, it would be difficult to deny 
that he was a great friend of Nature and a man with original, 
grandiose and often revolutionary ideas. Many have been 
moved by his ideas about Nature and his philosophies of life, 
and would agree with Wilhelm Baiters: 'You may have lived a 
calm and contented life- but from the moment you come face 
to face with the ideas of Viktor Schauberger, you will never 
again have peace in your soul'. 

I trust that this book, despite its incompleteness, imparts 
something of the gripping and inspiring personality and ideas 
of Viktor Schauberger. This meeting with such a passionate 
defender of water, forest and fertile soil may, it is hoped, give 
the reader a nagging anxiety born from a feeling of respons- 
ibility- a responsibility stemming from the awareness that the 
plundered and raped Mother Earth shall recover her health 
and dignity, the basis also for man's own health and dignity. 

Finally, I wish to thank warmly all those who have in their 
different ways greatly helped in the writing of this book. 

Victor Schauberger. 



They call me deranged. The hope is that they are right. 
It is of no greater or lesser import for another fool 
to wander the earth. But if I am right and science is 
wrong- then may the Lord God have mercy on mankind. 

Viktor Schauberger 

A Meeting 

A scene in the German Reich Chancellery in Berlin one day in 
1934. Hitler, reclining in his chair, fixes his unerring gaze on 
the man sitting opposite him across the massive desk. There is 
another person in the room - ministerial director Wiluhn, a 
powerful man, but now just a bystander. The one who 
dominates the scene is not even Hitler himself, but the man 
opposite him. This is a tall, powerful man of fifty years old, 
with a lighdy grey flecked beard, hooked nose and steady eyes 
- a man known in wide circles in Austria and neighbouring 
countries, and a man about whom there have been many 
controversies; a man with many enemies, but also many 
admirers. It is the legendary 'water magician' from Linz on the 
Danube - Viktor Schauberger. 

Hider has requested his presence. He now directed a 
question to him: 'You are involved with a lot of things that 
interest me. But now you have come up with the curious idea 
of defining our technology as the greatest ever deceiver of 

Schauberger: 'Herr Reich Chancellor, do you really want to hear 
the truth?' 

Hitler (surprised): 'Yes, of course, say what you wish.' 



Schauberger: 'Herr Reich Chancellor, present-day science is 
following a wrong and dangerous path. First and foremost it 
concerns the treatment of water - the principal agent of life. 
The existing methods of water control, power stations and 
forestry are ruining water - the earth's blood. It becomes 
diseased, and so affects all its surroundings. Instead of 
progress, the future promises catastrophe. With your four- 
year plan, and the technological methods employed, you are 
demolishing Germany, instead of building her up. In this way, 
Germany will sink within ten years 
But let us not anticipate. 

A Son of Water and Forests 

Viktor Schauberger came from ancient Bavarian aristocracy 
who had lost their privileges and family residence, Schauburg, 
around 1230, after a feud with the powerful prelate, the 
Bishop of Passau. Around 1650, one Stephan Schauberger 
moved to Austria and settled down by Lake Plockenstein at the 
foot of the Dreisesselberg. He started a branch of the family 
whose members almost exclusively interested themselves in 
the husbandry of the forests and their wild life. In time their 
motto became Fidus in silvis silentibus' (Faithful to the quiet 
forests), and the family crest displayed a tree trunk garlanded 
with wild roses. 

One of Stephan's descendants became the last leader of the 
hunt at Bad Ischl during the time of Franz Joseph. At the end 
of the nineteenth century, one of his brothers was master 
woodsman in Holzschlag, beside Lake Plockenstein. He had 
nine children, the fifth child being Viktor, born on 30 June, 

Viktor was a true 'son of the forest', both from his heritage 
and his environment There was never any doubt that he 
would follow in his father's footsteps. He wrote once, From 
my earliest childhood it was my greatest ambition to become a 
forest warden like my father, grandfather, great-grandfather 
and his father before him'. 

Early on the boy showed great interest in everything to do 
with Nature. He could roam around the whole day alone in 
almost virgin forest (compared to today) around Lake Plocken- 
stein, studying animal and plant life, or following the numerous 
wild mountain streams. He soon learned a lot not to be found 



in books about the life of the forest and about water from his 
father and elder relations. He says of them: 'They relied upon 
what they saw with their own eyes and what they felt 
intuitively. Above all, they recognized the inner healing 
power of water, and understood that water, directed through 
irrigation canals at night can yield a significandy greater 
harvest than that of the neighbouring meadows and fields. 34 
Their chief interest, however, lay in the care of the forest and 
the wild regions.' 

His mother was also close to Nature, and he related how she 
often told him:' If occasionally life is really hard, and you don't 
know where to turn, go to a stream and listen to its music. 
Then everything will be alright again.' 

Viktor's father wanted his son to be academically trained as 
an arboriculturist, but this path had little interest for him. He 
soon broke off his studies, and began instead at the practical 
forest school, from which he duly graduated with the state 
forest warden's exam. 

The First Discoveries 

His apprenticeship began under an older forest warden, and 
he has lyrically described how happy he felt as his dream was 
beginning to be realized. After the end of the First World War, 
he was given his own district, and, though remote, it had many 
advantages. He was employed by Prince Adolf Schaumburg- 
Lippe, who gave him responsibility over 21,000 hectares of 
almost untouched forest in Bernerau in Steyerling. 

And so Schauberger's real period of learning started. In this 
large wilderness area, almost untouched by human hand 
because of its remoteness, he was provided with the oppor- 
tunity of studying how Nature works when left undisturbed. 
There were many fine species of trees in this area that have 
since disappeared, a wealth of wildlife, and in the many fine 
streams a profusion of salmon, trout and other fish. 

What Schauberger was able to study in this wilderness was 
often in sharp contrast to what was taught in academic forestry 
studies and it complemented the more traditional knowledge 
that he had absorbed at home. 

Water was his consuming interest. He set out to discover its 
laws and characteristics and the connection between its 
temperature and its motion. He noticed how water running 



from a mountain spring was at its greatest density, the so- 
called 'anomaly point' of +4°C, and apparendy at its highest 
quality. Salmon and trout, during spawning, drive themselves 
towards these sources, and he found the richest and most 
beautiful vegetation in these spots. During this early period as 
a forest warden, he experienced something that was to 
influence his understanding of water for the rest of his life. In 
the company of some old hunters, he had visited a remote 
district up in the mountains. Here there was a spring that had 
earlier been covered by a stone hut This had subsequendy 
been pulled down to expose the spring to light and sun. After a 
while, the spring had dried up, which surprised those who 
knew of it, as it had never done so before. Explanations for this 
were considered, and someone suggested rebuilding the stone 
structure. This was done, and after a while the spring returned. 

It was now quite clear to Schauberger that water responded 
to forest and shade, and later he was supplied with much more 
evidence to confirm his theory. He began to perceive water as 
'the earth's blood', and guessed that it must be allowed to flow 
along natural courses, if it was not to be spoiled. An untouched 
water course is shaped by winding curves and shaded banks 
covered with trees and bushes, not by accident. The water 
wants to flow in this way, and builds up these shaded banks to 
protect itself from direct sunlight'. 

He meant that low temperature and natural flow was the 
condition necessary for water to preserve its supportive and 
carrying strength. He had seen how water could carry the 
greatest load on cold, clear nights, and he made early practical 
use of this observation. As a result of the war, the town of Linz 
suffered a serious shortage of fuel. This was during the winter 
of 1918. Up on the neighbouring Priel-Gebirge hills a lot of 
timber lay felled by fierce storms, but there were no draught 
animals- the war had taken those - and no large watercourses 
on which to float down the logs. Though Schauberger was 
merely a junior forest warden he felt confident enough to 
suggest to the town's magistrate that he be allowed to try to 
solve the fuel problem. The magistrate agreed. 

In the district there flowed a stream thought unsuitable by 
the forestry experts for floating logs, but which Schauberger 
now decided to use. It was small and ran through narrow 
gorges, as he describes: 



From my observations I noted how an increased water level 
resulting from a thaw builds up mud banks, which are then 
partially dispersed during clear cool nights when the water 
temperature drops. I then waited for an increase in the 
strength of the water current. This takes place in the early 
hours of the morning, when it is coolest, and particularly 
during full moon, in spite of the fact that the actual volume 
of the water is then apparendy less, because of its contraction 
through cooling. I arranged for the timber to enter the 
water at the right moment, and in one single night 1600 
cubic metres of timber were all brought down to a tempo- 
rarily constructed pond in the valley. 

He also became very interested in the behaviour of trout 
and salmon in the mountain streams. The large mountain 
trout could lie motionless for any amount of time in the 
strongest current They made the odd movement with fin and 
tail, but otherwise appeared anchored in the rushing flow. If 
alarmed, on the other hand, they darted at lightning speed 
against the current instead of allowing themselves to be 
carried downstream by it, which would seem to be more 

Schauberger could find no explanation for the trout's 
behaviour in existing literature. However, he knew a mountain 
stream was colder near its source and became warmer farther 
from the source. Could this have some connection with the 
trout's struggle to escape against the current? He undertook 
several experiments to investigate this. As his observation 
point he chose a stretch of strong rapids along a stream where 
a large trout liked to lie. He men organised his woodsmen to 
warm up about one hundred litres of water and pour this in 
500 metres upstream at a given signal. The stream was large, 
with a flow volume of several cubic metres of water per second. 
The meagre 100 litres of heated water did not noticeably warm 
up the stream. However, soon after the warm water was 
added, the trout- which until then had remained motionless- 
became greatly agitated. It flexed its tail, and was only with 
considerable effort able to maintain its position with vigorous 
movement of its fins. Soon its efforts were to no avail, and it 
was swept downstream, out of sight only much later to return 
to its old position. This convinced Schauberger that his theory 
was correct that there was indeed a connection between the 



water's temperature and the trout's behaviour. 

Schauberger also studied the trout's ability to jump up high 
waterfalls with little apparent effort. Within this phenomenon 
he saw evidence for his theory that the trout exploited some 
hitherto unknown source of energy within the water. He can 
himself describe such an observation: 

It was spawning time one early spring moonlight night I 
was sitting beside a waterfall waiting to catch a dangerous 
fish poacher. What then occurred took place so quickly that 
I was hardly able to comprehend. In the moonlight falling 
directly onto the crystal clear water, every movement of the 
fish, garnered in large numbers, could be observed. Suddenly 
the trout dispersed, due to the appearance of a particularly 
large fish which swam up from below to confront the 
waterfall. It seemed as if it wished to disturb me other trout 
and danced in great twisting movements in the undulating 
water, as it swam quickly to and fro. Then, as suddenly, the 
large trout disappeared in the jet of the waterfall which 
glistened like falling metal. I saw it fleetingly under a 
conically-shaped stream of water, dancing in a wild spinning 
movement the reason for which was at first not clear to me. 
It then came out of this spinning movement and floated 
motionlessly upwards. On reaching the lower curve of the 
waterfall, it tumbled over and with a strong push reached 
behind the upper curve of the waterfall. There, in the fast- 
flowing water, with a vigorous tail movement it disappeared. 
Deep in thought I filled my pipe, and as I wended my way 
homewards, smoked it to the end. I often subsequendy saw 
the same sequence of play of a trout jumping a high 
waterfall. After decades of similar observations, like rows of 
pearls on a chain, I should be able to come to some 
conclusion. But no scientist has been able to explain this 
phenomenon to me. 

Schauberger, in another connection, suggests that a natural 
watercourse allowing natural motion, builds up an energy 
that flows in the opposite direction to the water. It is this 
energy that is used by the trout. In a suitably formed waterfall 
this energy flow can be distinguished as a channel of light 
within the streaming water. The trout seeks out this energy 
flow, and is sucked upwards as if in a whirlwind. 



It was not only the trout, however, that he saw move in such 
an unusual way in these undisturbed waters. On a clear late 
winter night, in brilliant moonlight, he stood by a mountain 
pool formed within a rushing stream. The water in the pool 
was several metres deep, but so clear that he could easily see 
the bottom. Here lay stones, some as large as a man's head. As 
he stood studying these, he was surprised to see mat a few of 
the stones were moving here and there, colliding with each 
other as if pulled together, only to be forced apart as if 
electrically charged. He explains: 

I did not trust my generally observant eyes any more, when 
suddenly an almost head-size stone began to move in a 
circular path in the same way as a trout before leaping over a 
waterfall. The stone was egg-shaped. 

In the next instance the stone was on the surface of the 
water, around which a circle of ice quickly formed. It 
appeared to float on the water surface, lit by the full moon. 

Then a second, a third, followed by other stones in 
sequence went through the same movements. Eventually 
nearly all the stones of the same egg shape were on the 
surface. Other stones of irregular or angular shape remained 
below and did not move. At the time I naturally had no idea 
that it was a case of a synchronicity of events, leading to a 
unique form of movement This movement overcomes the 
force of gravity and allows the stones of regular shape to 
come to the surface of the water.' 

Schauberger says later that all the 'dancing stones' contained 
metals. It was such observations as these in his wilderness that 
caused him to ponder over the meaning of 'motion'. 

He asked himself: 'What, in fact, is 'motion'?' Are there 
perhaps different types of motion? Might there possibly exist a 
form of motion as yet unknown to science? Out of his 
ponderings and observations there slowly grew a theory of the 
different forms of motion. He dearly wanted to put forward 
this theory, to discuss it with technical experts and scientists, 
but how was he to show that he had discovered something 



Log Flumes That Were Technological Mysteries 

Prince Adolf von Schaumburg-Lippe had problems. War and 
inflation, post-war crises and, not least, a young and financially 
demanding wife, forced the ageing prince to investigate all 
possibilites of propping up his ever diminishing treasury. He 
had fully worked his other forest domains, and now there 
remained Schauberger' s own district, where the Prince often 
wandered, complaining of his bad luck. For here lay large 
stands of mature timber, so ill-placed for transportation, that 
the costs of moving it would eat up all the profits. 

Eventually Prince Adolf announced a competition for the 
best solution to this problem, which would release his frozen 
assets in the Bernerau region. 

Suggestions flowed in from forest engineers, hydrologists 
and other experts, but none of them caught the Prince's eye. 
There was one suggestion that he never even saw - the 
competition committee sifted it out at the preliminary stage. A 
junior forest warden had had the cheek to compete with 
experts and, even worse, had presented an idea which was 
complete fantasy - a bad joke. They had returned it to him 
with a stiff reprimand for not taking the competition seriously 
- and that presumably closed the issue. 

But fate had decided otherwise. After an unsuccessful 
competition Prince Adolf was still seeking large sums of 
money, particularly in view of the young princess's approach- 
ing annual visit to Monte Carlo. The Princess herself came to 
Schauberger's district to hunt deer, accompanied by a young 
forest warden. During the hunt she confided in Schauberger 
that the Prince must soon leave his estate as he was bankrupt 
The conversation turned to Schauberger's entry to the com- 
petition, which had so angered the committee. He presented 
the plan to the Princess, who asked him how much could be 
saved in transport costs. Schauberger answered that if the costs 
up until now had been 12 schillings per cubic metre transported 
to the sawmill, the costs with this method would lower this to 
one schilling plus installation costs for construction. 

The Princess succeeded in persuading her husband to try 
out Schauberger's idea, but the construction had to be built 
with the latter' s own funds, on the understanding that if these 
lived up to expectation, the Prince would reimburse him. 
After considerable trouble Schauberger managed to find a 



businessman to back him and the building commenced. 

Schauberger's ideas had already been thrown out at the 
planning stage by all the experts on timber flotation, and 
criticism increased as the building proceeded. No one had 
ever seen such a construction. Schauberger built a wooden 
chute, fifty kilometres long, which in itself might have been 
acceptable, but this particular chute had an idiotic shape; it 
was not straight, but zigzagged alongside valley sides and 
ravines, instead of following the shortest route. Finally, and 
most crazy of all, this apparendy dumb-witted forester meant 
to let out water from the chute here and there, and then 
replenish with fresh water from streams and water courses 
along the route. He must fill up with cold water, he said, 
otherwise the larger logs would not float in the chute. Cold 
water! Who had ever heard such nonsense! Water is water- but 
he would presumably discover this. Anyone could predict the 
result. Nothing could float in such a chute. But these malicious 
prophecies were unfulfilled, as Schauberger describes. 

After about four months the construction was complete. 
The massive timbers lay ready in place. One day I conducted 
a simple experiment A log of average weight was fed into 
the trough. It floated down for about 100 metres and then 
suddenly grounded on the bottom of the trough, causing 
the water behind the log to rise and eventually to flow over 
the sides of the trough. I saw the scornful looks on the faces 
of the workers. I immediately recognized that I had 
miscalculated and felt disconcerted. The log was removed 
from the trough. My diagnosis was too little water and too 
sharp a fall. I was helpless. My first act was to send my fellow 
workers home so I might consider the problem quiedy. 

The curves of the trough were correct On that score 
there was no doubt What was wrong? Slowly I walked 
alongside the trough and came to the trap and sorting 
dams, to which was connected a further length of trough. 
The dams were full. I sat on a rock above the water in the 
warm sun. 

Suddenly I felt something moving underneath my leather 
trousers. In springing up I saw a snake in a coiled position. I 
slung the snake away and it fell into the dam where it swam 
quickly to the far side and tried to get onto dry land. It was 
unsuccessful because the bank was too steep. It then swam 

Swimming Grass Snake. The shape of its body, the movement and the 
wave-form all merge into one. 

'Photograph W. Rohdich' 



hither and thither seeking an easier way to land. I observed 
its movements and wondered how the snake could swim as 
swift as an arrow without fins. Looking through my bino- 
culars I noted the peculiar twisting movement of its body 
under the crystal clear water. At last the snake managed to 
reach the opposite bank For some time I stood still and in 
my mind replayed the movements of the snake — a 
combination of vertical and horizontal curves. In a flash I 
clearly understood the process. 

The snake's movement through the water had given Schau- 
berger the solution to the problem with the chute. He sent his 
workers to the sawmill to fetch some lengths of timber. The 
sound of hammers could be heard throughout the night as the 
lengths were nailed down within the curves of the chute to 
agitate the water into a snake-like motion. There was little 
time, as the opening ceremony was scheduled for the following 
day. Schauberger popped into his lodgings after midnight 
where he found a letter from the head forester telling him that 
at 10.00 am. the next morning the Prince and Princess, the 
chief for timber transportation, and other dignitaries were to 
attend the practical demonstration. Although work on the 
alterations continued throughout the night, he was unable to 
finish in time for a test run. It was left to hope that everything 
would function properly. Schauberger continues the story: 

I went to the location of the dam inflow and waited until my 
people came, who were then followed by the Prince and 
Princess and also my bitterest opponents, experts and 
technicians. I greeted the royal couple and the head forester 
but did not so much as give a glance to the others. The 
Princess looked at me with an anxious expression, while the 
'forstmeister' responsible for the floating logs stood leaning 
on a post, smiling in a superior way. 

I opened the dam lock, behind which my workers began 
collecting the smaller sized logs in the water. Somehow a 
heavier log about 90cm thick entered with the rest unnoticed. 
'No, no', shouted the old log master, 'We cannot have that 
heavy log amongst the others.' I gave a quick wave, while the 
unwanted log slowly floated almost out of the water towards 
the outflow. It soon caused a blockage resulting in a rise in 
the water level. No one spoke a word. All stared at the log 



riding high in the water. In the next moment the water in 
the trough must overflow. 

Then suddenly a gurgling noise was heard. The heavy log 
swung somewhat towards the right, then to the left, twisting 
like a snake, the head high out of the water as it floated away 
as quick as an arrow. After a few seconds the log negotiated 
the first elegant curve and was gone. 

Success was complete. In his appreciation the Prince made 
Schauberger the head warden for the whole of his extensive 
forest and hunting territories. 35 Experts came from all over 
Europe to study the construction. The word spread like a 
forest fire throughout the forestry world about this extra- 
ordinary woodsman, and soon spread also to the government 
in Vienna 

Schauberger Becomes the State's Consultant for Timber 

Soon there came a request from Federal Minister Buchinger to 
fill the position of State Consultant for Timber Flotation 
Installations. Schauberger accepted the offer and was given a 
contract with a salary which was double that of an academic 
working within the same field. Furthermore, payment was to 
be made in gold which was of special value in those inflationary 

As a consultant, Schauberger travelled all over Austria for 
several years. He formed a close understanding with his 
nearest superior, minister Thaler, who had been a farmer in 
the Tyrol, but his relations with the forestry experts were more 
strained. The academics were particularly annoyed that this 
'upstart' should have both the power to give directives on 
technical questions, which he could not possibly know much 
about, given his low level of education, and also command a 
salary to which he had no right as a non-academic. Bitterness 
naturally increased as their attempts to copy Schauberger's 
installations proved unsuccessful. They had tried without 
Schauberger's help to build a construction at Reichsraming 
similar to the one at Steyerling, but though it was copied in 
detail, the logs nevertheless remained lying on the bottom of 
the chute. Pride had to be swallowed and Schauberger was 
called in to partially rebuild it, after which it worked perfecdy. 



Under his supervision other constructions were built in 
Taschlschlucht and Murztal, amongst other places. 

Schauberger's superior, the minister, was satisfied, but not 
those jealous of him. Finally they had had enough and 
gathered at a Congress for forestry experts in Salzburg, from 
where they issued a protest to Parliament about Schauberger's 
position, raising the issue about the Republic's accepted pay 
scales. Buchinger was caught in the crossfire and called 
Schauberger in to tell him that as his salary was excessive it 
could not continue to be paid. At the same time he said that 
the Government were pleased to retain his services though at 
half the former salary, the balance to be made up from the 
minister's so-called 'black funds'. This made Schauberger 
furious. He did not wish to have anything to do with such 
shady dealings. He had thought his country was governed by 
men, not old maids, and he tendered his resignation imme- 

With Senior Master Builder Steinhard 

Schauberger did not have to remain unemployed. Steinhard, 
the chief of one of Austria's largest building contractors, was 
waiting almost outside the Chancellery doors. He had a new 
position to offer. Schauberger was to work for him building 
log flumes throughout Europe. He accepted Steinhard's offer 
and worked for him for several years. 

Steinhard received a contract from the government for a 
large installation at Neuberg. This was built in 1928, and the 
contract stipulated that during the first hour of flotation the 
construction should be able to transport 1000 cubic metres of 
timber. If this was achieved Steinhard was to receive one 
million schillings from the government, but if unsuccessful 
then the whole structure was to be dismantled at Steinhard's 

The chute, in fact, managed 1400 cubic metres in the first 
hour and Steinhard received his million. In a festive ceremony 
the State took over the installation and Steinhard took the 
opportunity to present Schauberger with an inscribed gold 
watch, while praising him generously. 37 Described as a 'tech- 
nical wonder' in a government memorandum, this log flume 
was still operating until 1951 when the forest became exhausted, 
and everything was then dismanded. The only remaining 


Logging Flumes in Neuburg. 

record of this 'technical wonder' is a film, Tragendes Wasser that 
was commissioned by the Austrian Tourist Board around 
1930. The film disappeared during World War II but in 1961 
was traced to an archive in East Berlin, and copies were 
obtained for biotechnical organisations in West Germany and 
Sweden. Part of the original film had disappeared and what 
remained was worn and partly damaged, but this film still 
provides the best documentary evidence of these timber 
flotation structures that in their time so confounded expert 
opinion and engendered heated discussions, conflicts and 
investigations by learned authorities. 

During the following years Schauberger, still in Steinhard's 
employment, built similar installations, not only in Austria 
but also in Yugoslavia, Turkey and other countries - always 
with success. Their association continued until 1934 when a 
contract was drawn up with the Czechoslovak Government for 
a water chute. Steinhard, however, tried to manipulate the 
contractual terms of payment and when this was discovered 
the agreement was annulled. Schauberger now came into 
conflict with Steinhard when criticizing his methods, and their 
paths separated. This marked the end of Schauberger's 



building of log flumes. Much later he was, in fact, offered a 
contract by the German State but he was unable to begin 
building before World War II. 

The time with Steinhard had been a period of considerable 
advancement for Schauberger, but at the same time he had 
continued the struggle against his old enemies within the 
academic world. Steinhard had many successful technicians 
and architects under him. They had observed the growth of 
Schauberger's influence with increasing bitterness, and con- 
stantly warned their superior that one day he would be ruined 
if he allowed this 'uneducated dilletante' to continue his 
absurd experiments. But Steinhard kept his faith in Schau- 
berger even though on many occasions large amounts of 
money were at risk. He never had any reason to change his 

The Principles and Construction of the Log Flumes 

It would be appropriate at this point to identify some of the 
origins of Schauberger's inspiration. 

I knew that my father transported hundreds of thousands of 
cubic metres of beechwood over long distances, never, 
however, during the day, but at nights and generally when 
the moon shone. The reason for doing it this way, as my 
father often explained, was because water exposed to the 
sun's rays is tired and lazy and therefore curls up and sleeps. 
At night, however, and especially in moonlight, the water 
becomes fresh and lively and is able to support the logs of 
beech and silver fir, which are in fact heavier than water. 

Schauberger's family had even earlier traditions of timber 
flotation that he could call on. 

Sometimes the high water in the streams would damage the 
contraptions built in this forest region for floating down 
timber. These constructions forced the water to flow in 
quite strange serpent-like spirals, either clockwise or anti- 
clockwise. The term 'cycloid spiral space-curve motion' 2 was 
naturally unknown to these foresters, but they used this 
effect so cleverly in the construction of the wood and water 
troughs that a curious interaction sometimes took place 



between the timber and the water mass in response to the 
curves in the troughs. This had the effect that some of the 
logs, as if to challenge the laws of gravity, would even 
temporarily float upstream. 

Schauberger had already made use of these background 
ideas at Prielgebirge, but they were nevertheless a long way 
from his sophisticated later logging flumes. 

He explains another of the impulses that stimulated him to 
think about the building of these flumes: 

Those who have witnessed the awful cruelty to which beasts 
of burden are subjected in the exhausting process of 
transporting timber through mountain regions might 
perhaps understand why I have worked so hard to find an 
alternative to bringing timber from the higher regions 
without the use of horses. My proposals to transport timber 
by water were always rejected because these methods 
usually caused more damage to the timber than the cost of 
providing roads and forest ways. Moreover, Archimedes Law 
was always quoted, i.e. the large beech logs were heavier 
than water and therefore would not float Clearly my ideas 
were considered to be purely Utopian. 

Timber floating in these mountain regions was normally a 
very rough and ready business. There was a great difference in 
height between the forests up in the mountains and the valley 
floors where the timber was to be transported. Water drainage, 
usually in the form of mountain streams, flowed through 
narrow gorges and ravines, often without enough water 
volume to float the heavy logs. Thus, intermittent small lakes 
were formed by damming, into which the logs were rolled. 
Then the dam gates were opened to allow the reservoir of 
water and timber to rush forth down to the next dammed lake 
where the sequence was repeated. The mass of rushing water 
hurled the logs hither and thither, splintering against stones 
and rocky banks. The water courses were also damaged, and it 
was generally held that this method of transportation was both 
uneconomical and damaging to the environment However, 
to build conventional chutes was considered unthinkable as 
they would require large supplies of water, if heavy logs were 
to be moved long distances. 



When Schauberger, to prove his theories about water, 
decided to build a new type of flume, his main problem was to 
achieve the greatest carrying potential from the smallest 
amount of water. His own hydrological studies confirmed his 
father's inspiration: the solution to the problem must lie in 
giving water the right temperature and motion, but to realize 
this practically was no simple task. He took out several patents 
for timber flotation structures, showing that he was wrestling 
with a whole series of problems in this area 

Finally he decided upon the following construction. A 
wooden chute was built to the same sectional proportion as 
that of the widest part of an egg. The dimensions were fairly 
small, perhaps 1.5 metres wide, 0.9 metres high. The largest 
logs snugly filled the width (such giant trees still existed at that 
time) so that there was little room left for the water. At regular 
intervals he built 'mixing' stations where fresh water was 
introduced, carefully monitoring the temperature, while the 
existing water in the chute which had had time to warm up was 
syphoned off. Using ingenious valves, which he designed 
himself, he could select the water temperature he required in 
the chute. The chute then followed the meanderings of the 
stream and river courses - even though this was a longer route 
— and so the appropriate water motion was obtained. This 
depended on the right temperature, the correct profile of the 
chute, and finally a meandering route. Or as Schauberger said: 
'Water in its natural state shows us how it wishes to flow, so we 
should follow its wishes.' 

Here he follows the principle that would be a guiding light 
throughout his life: 'Kapieren und Kopieren'; in other words, 
'first understand Nature, then copy it' He said Nature is our 
foremost teacher. The task of technology is not to correct 
Nature, but to imitate it. 

All such talk continued to be so much nonsense to the 
hydrologists and technologists who knew that the short way 
was the best and the cheapest Schauberger's assertion that 
even a temperature difference of 1/10°C had a significant effect 
on the behaviour of water was ridiculed. Many agreed with the 
famous hydrologist Professor Shaffernak: 'This Schauberger 
talks nonsense. Everyone knows that only large differences in 
temperature are important to water.' When Schauberger 
replied that a variation of 1/10°C in the body temperature of a 
person can determine health or sickness, it reinforced the 

Water Disturbance Pattern. A thin brush has been drawn in a straight 
line through a shallow tray of glycerine treated water, whose surface has 
been dusted with powder. (Schwenk method, photo by A. J. Wilkes). 



attitude that he was mad, drawing parallels between blood and 
water, indeed! 

Schauberger and his theories had generated little interest 
amongst the experts, and it was left to his log flumes to stand as 
incomprehensible, mocking reminders that he, nevertheless, 
must know something that had escaped the 'wise and learned'. 
One was forced to witness how Archimedes' Law was not 
applicable, how logs with higher specific weight than water, 
yes, even stones, floated like cork in these chutes. 

The dilemma had to be resolved. A State Commission was 
formed to investigate thoroughly the flotation installation in 
Neuberg. The internationally recognized hydrologist, Pro- 
fessor Forcheimer from Vienna, was to head the Commission. 

Professor Forcheimer's New Experiences 

Forcheimer launched himself into the project with his 
customary zeal. He studied the chute, analysed its profile and 
curve mathematically, looked at charts of water movement 
and temperature - in short, he directed all his considerable 
knowledge as an accepted expert on water and waterworks to 
the problem, but without success. It was impossible for him to 
explain why the mysterious chute worked as it did. 

He then changed tactics and began instead to shadow 
Schauberger, following him everywhere while he was building 
and experimenting, ceaselessly questioning him. At first he 
merely obtained short and crusty answers, and often in terms 
that Forcheimer did not begin to understand. Strangely, he 
was not discouraged but continued his close observation. 

After a while Schauberger discovered that Forcheimer was 
different to the scientists he had met earlier. He was not 
derisive and superior but became more and more worried at 
meeting something he did not understand. Schauberger 
discovered, almost against his wishes, that he was developing 
an interest in this learned man, and there grew a deep 
friendship between the two. So they wandered in the woods 
and dells and Schauberger showed him the natural phenomena 
that he had studied for so long. There is an eye-witness 
account of what took place on one of the first of these 
excursions. The two men stood beside a mountain stream, 
deep in discussion. Suddenly Schauberger said: 



'Can the Professor tell me where the water is coldest, before 
or after it has flowed around that stone?' - and he pointed to 
a stone out in the stream, which had been worn away to a 
particular shape. 'There is not the slightest doubt that the 
water is colder before it has passed the stone', answered 
Forcheimer, and then he began to explain how the friction 
against the stone increased the water temperature. 'Com- 
pletely wrong', replied Schauberger. 'The water is colder 
below (i.e. downstream from) the stone.' 

A forceful debate ensued and Forcheimer drew up flow 
charts and temperature diagrams in the sand on the stream 
bank to emphasize that he was right. After a while Schauberger 

'Would it not be simpler if we measured the temperature of 
the water to see who is right?' 

He had a thermometer with him and strode into the water 
in his leather breeches. When he had taken the temperature he 
accounced triumphantly to the impatient Professor that the 
water below the stone was 2/10°C colder than above. For- 
cheimer lost his patience and exclaimed: 

'Impossible! You must have measured incorrectly! Let me 
take the thermometer so that I can read it myself!' 

And with considerable difficulty he untied and took off his 
boots, turned up his elegant trousers and his red pantaloons, 
and carefully ventured out into the water - quite an effort for 
him as he was seventy-two years old at the time. 

He grabbed the thermometer, took the readings and then 
fell silent; he forgot that he was standing barefoot in a cold 
stream. He then cried in a voice full of surprise: 'You are quite 
correct'. As he mulled over the matter he waded back to the 
beach and put on his shoes again. 

From that day he was really convinced that this stubborn, 
irascible, eccentric investigator apparently dealt with facts, 
though it was difficult to follow his theories and his cryptic 

Natural River Profiles. A meandering river as it flows develops 
secondary currents at its bends. The smaller one at the steep bank 
becomes the larger one at the outside of the next bend. 



Denudation of Forests Destroys Watercourses 

It was not only log flumes that captured Schauberger's 
imagination. The area of his interest was wide, but water 
continued to be his main cause. It was behind everything in 
forestry, farming or the management of energy. He became 
increasingly convinced that economic, social and political 
stability in Europe - and the whole world - would become 
dependent on a new attitude towards water, the forest and soil. 
Scientists must be made to realize that water was not something 
to be handled carelessly, like an inanimate object. Water was 
not merely H 2 0, but a living organism with its own laws 
commanding respect from mankind, if the consequences 
were not to be fatal. Because of his many opportunities for 
studying Nature's relationships in a relatively untouched 
environment, he was able - perhaps better than most - to 
observe the dangerous changes that occur when man disrupts 
the natural harmony. It frightened him to see what happened 
to springs and watercourses, to animal and plant life, when 
areas were deforested. This clearing of forested areas spread 
like a bush fire in Austria after the First World War. The 
country's economy was suffering and forests were the easiest 
source of revenue. No one thought of deforestation or in any 
other way to limit the damage that occurred as soon as the 
trees were felled. Precipitation, avalanches and earth slips 
soon carried away all the soil from the mountain regions and 
so forever hindered recultivation. 

The changes after deforestation were first noticeable along 
the water courses. Schauberger had earlier studied springs 
and streams in detail and had seen how they never dried up, 



how the stream channels were covered with moss which was 
not torn away even when the stream was in spate. He had also 
noticed how the water weeds could be pointing upstream, a 
phenomenon he understood to be associated with the water's 
energy. The more strongly these weed 'tails' pointed upstream, 
the better the temperature and flow characteristics of the 
watercourse. Such streams never destroyed their beds, or 
overflowed, even during heavy downpours. 

All this changed when the forest was cut down. The streams 
reacted first. They became 'wild'. Weed and river bed vege- 
tation was uprooted and carried away. The water could no 
longer keep its channel 'clean' but instead deposited gravel 
and sludge that filled up the watercourse and caused it to 
overflow. The water then attacked its own channels, eroding 
and breaking out of its banks and endangering surrounding 
areas, especially after heavy rain or thaw. Then the springs 
began to dry up. The water level sank over extensive areas 
around a deforested region. Finally the stream completely 
disappeared 38 - except after a sudden torrential downpour 
when it could become a raging torrent, threatening both 
buildings and their inhabitants. Gradually the whole hinterland 
around such a denuded area dried out. 

There was great concern about the destruction of the 
watercourses. This gave rise to the water management tech- 
nology that was applied to streams and lakes in Austria and 
parts of Southern Europe. Watercourses were enclosed by 
stone and concrete embankments to prevent the water breaking 
out of its channels, with the attendant catastrophic effects. 
This is a never-ending task; the walls and dykes have constandy 
to be maintained as the water is continually attempting to 
erode and undermine them. The costs of upkeep are enormous, 
bringing great profit to the stone and cement industries. 

By the end of the 1920s Schauberger had already begun, in 
speeches and articles, to attack the decimation of forests and 
the existing techniques for controlling water. It is fair, perhaps, 
to point out that he had contributed to this deforestation 
through his flotation chutes. He had, though perhaps naively, 
sought to restrict timber felling by reducing transport costs 
and thereby increasing net income. At the same time as 
building the chutes he constantly emphasized the need to 
harvest only the 'interest' of the forests' capital, and not to clear 
them totally. But these, of course, remained unheeded warn- 



ings. The large timber companies that sprang up everywhere, 
with encouragement from the state, had only one goal; to 
transform trees into money as quickly as possible. This also 
occurred in Sweden during the forest clearance period, when 
many unexploited forests came under the axe. The techniques 
of forest clearance still used in Swedish forestry are presumably 
as negative in their results as the original clearances. 

Schauberger saw that the catastophe inherent in such 
deforestation was compounded by the hydrologists' attempts 
to control the wild watercourses: 'A water course', he said, 
'should never be regulated from its banks, but instead from 
within, from the flowing content itself.' 

He recommended that these attempts to wall in the water 
channels should be given up, and if a natural river environ- 
ment were recreated, the rivers would control themselves. 

Schauberger had quite early considered how to tackle these 
problems. In 1929 he took out a patent on 'inserted instal- 
lations for controlling wild streams and flood regulation'. 
According to the text of the patent, 'The installation brakes the 
water's velocity in such a way that the gravel and sludge borne 
within it, cannot cause dangerous disturbance. Furthermore 
by the positioning of these braking barriers at suitable 
intervals the water's motion is influenced in such away that the 
theoretical axis of flow will be redirected towards the middle of 
the channel stream'. 3 He took out another patent in 1930 for a 
complementary development that concerned 'the construction 
and arrangement of regulators of outlet water from holding 
dams, and the strengthening of the dam structures'. The 
introduction to the text of this patent states that an important 
detail had been omitted in earlier attempts at directing 
watercourses, namely the water's temperature, its relationship 
to the surrounding ground and air temperature and also the 
temperature differences within the water flow. Nor has there 
been an appreciation of the influence of the water's temper- 
ature on its motion. If, as has been the practice up until now, 
a watercourse is divided up into linear sections, and control 
gates are used to let out either surface or bottom water, 
disturbances are created in the watercourse below the dams in 
the form of meandering and damage to banks. Instead the 
outlet water should be at such a temperature, through the 
mixing of warmer surface water and colder bottom water, that 
it is related to the existing air temperature. Then there is a 

A scheme for flood control. (A) shows a watercourse to be regulated. A 
breaking barrier has been built into the river bed at (1). (B) shows how the 
axis of flow will be moved from (2) to (3) after the barrier has been working 
for some time. 

(C) shows details of braking element (D) shows another type of braking 
element (4) for mountain streams, to slow down the speed of flow, thereby 
reducing the amount of material carried away from the bed and banks. 
(Taken from Austrian patent 1 1 34 87.) 



balanced watercourse that carries its suspended matter at an 
easy pace and does not attack the banks. This patented 
discovery now allowed for the automatic regulation of these 
conditions, largely through the use of air temperature regulated 
outlet valve. 

In the 1930s Schauberger set out in a treatise all that he had 
come to understand about the mysterious laws that seemed to 
govern the behaviour of water, and the curious interrelation- 
ship of how it moves according to its temperature profile. He 
also discussed the importance of water to forestry, farming 
and the whole community. He saw the appalling effects of 
deforestation as the harmful consequences of unnatural water 
regulation, and made suggestions to solve these problems. It 
was due to Professor Forcheimer's strong interest in these 
theories that his work was published. 

A College Debate on Land Culture 

Forcheimer's interest grew so strong that he asked Schauberger 
personally to expand his theories to a gathering of experts, and 
Forcheimer's presence at the meeting would ensure that these 
'heretical ideas' would at least be received with some attention. 

The academic board at the Agricultural College in Vienna 
was the forum chosen by Forcheimer. Schauberger was 
presented to the Rector and his staff who immediately 
annoyed him with their patronising and arrogant behaviour. 
The Rector spoke a few words of introduction and then asked 
Schauberger to 'teach us experts how to regulate water in a 
natural way so that there is no damage to the riverbeds and 
banks ...'. Schauberger answered that this could not be 
answered in a few words, as the Rector anticipated. Moreover 
the latter insisted that the core of Schauberger's methods 
should be expressed in a few phrases 'How, in simple terms, 
should we regulate our watercourses?' 

Schauberger was now really irritated, and emphasizing 
each word he answered: 'Just as a wild boar passes water.' 

The reaction to this was 'confusion, silence and wrinkled 
noses', but then the Rector in a condescending tone urged 
Schauberger to explain himself factually, choosing his words 
carefully. At that point Forcheimer got up and proclaimed 
that Schauberger's last remark not only hit the nail on the head 
but was also factually correct. He then strode to the blackboard 



and proceeded to cover it with formulae, much to the Rector's 
displeasure. After that Forcheimer began to lecture. 'I did not 
understand a word he said', declared Schauberger, but the 
gathering, professors, technicians and even the Rector became 
more and more interested, and a discussion ensued that lasted 
for two hours. It was only interrupted because the Rector 
remembered that he had to attend another engagement. He 
bade Schauberger farewell in quite different tones and hoped 
soon to be able to continue the discussion. 

When they met next morning Forcheimer asked Schau- 
berger how he had come upon the analogy of the wild boar. 
Schauberger replied that he had merely remembered the 
phrase used by his father to explain to his workers how to 
arrange the 'brake curves' in streams with little water, to be 
able to carry out timber flotation. These brake curves intro- 
duced the water to a spiral motion around the axis of flow, that 
resembled the curve of urine made by a running wild boar. 
Forcheimer agreed that this must be the most perfect imagi- 
nable cycloid spiral curve, but to calculate mis mathematically 
would pose great problems to existing science. Schauberger 
could well appreciate this as he recognized it as a movement 
that was found in all life's processes. When they had discussed 
this for some time the professor explained that he could only 
think in terms of formulae, and that Schauberger thought 'in a 
way no other person understood', and the two could not be 
brought togemer. 

Schauberger Gets a Treatise Published 

Later on Forcheimer suggested that Schauberger should write 
about his theories in the periodical Die Wasserwirtschaft, but 
first they should go together to Brunn to meet Professors 
Schocklitz and Smorcek. 

The visit to these two hydrologists who had, for their times, 
extensive laboratory facilities, did not yield a positive result 
But Professor Smorcek, who was also the head of the Technical 
College in Brunn became very interested in Schauberger's 
ideas and suggested that they should meet Professor Schaffer- 
nak at the Technical College in Vienna. Forcheimer then 
claimed that this would be meaningless as Schaffernak could 
not even explain why the rivers Danube and Inn did not mix 
their waters when they met, but flowed parallel to each other 



for a long stretch, within the same channel. Some time later, 
after Smorcek came to Vienna, the meeting with Schaffernak 
took place anyway. The result proved negative as Forcheimer 
had foreseen. It was only Forcheimer himself who learned to 
understand Schauberger more and more. In the last textbook 
he wrote, he described the 'cycloid brake curves' with Schau- 
berger's theories, and when he died he was working on a new 
book on Schauberger's ideas about water. He said to Schau- 
berger just before his death: 'I'm glad that I am already 
seventy-five years old. It can no longer hurt me that I took up 
your ideas without question. A time will come when you will 
be understood.' 

Forcheimer had time before he died to carry out his 
promise to publish Schauberger's treatise on the subject 
During 1930-31 this was serialized in Die Wasserwirtschaft 
(Hydrotechnology) in Vienna Forcheimer himself wrote the 
introduction, stating 'The contents have captured my deepest 
interest through their new insights, which not only promise to 
stimulate productivity but also cut through all traditions of 
dam and waterwork technology ...' On another occasion 
Forcheimer said that 'the day will come when Schauberger's 
ideas ... will change the whole world'. 

Schauberger Offers to Regulate the Rhine 

Few European rivers today give as clear a picture of the tragic 
consequences of deforestation and conventional water regula- 
tion as the Rhine. This mistreated and degenerated water- 
course had at one time been a mighty river with such crystal 
clear water that the river bed could be seen to a depth of 
several metres. At night when the supporting power of the 
water was greatest, stones were carried down bumping and 
scraping each other, and discharged a glowing yellow light 
from the river bottom that gave rise to the folktales of dwarves 
who made wonderful jewellery in their smithies on the bottom 
of the Rhine. In the opera Rhinegold Richard Wagner uses this 
story as his theme. 

Even this legendary river, however, was to meet a sad fate. 
This began with the timber cutting in the Swiss Alps in the 
region of its source. This disturbed the balance and the river 
began to silt up. Then in order to increase the velocity of the 
flow and to enable the river to clear away its path, bends and 



The Rhine - a dying river. 

meanders were straightened. The result of this was that more 
eroded material was carried even further away. In turn, more 
curves were straightened downstream, and the process was 
repeated. Once straightening had begun, there was no alter- 
native but to keep on until there were no curves left and then 
the whole river began to silt up. The fundamental cause of this 
was the forest clearance, which destroyed the ecological 
balance. The forest's great storing and cooling effect was lost 
The precipitation could no longer be stored up and instead all 
the water ran off at once, scouring everything in its path. The 
draining water heated rapidly and so soon deposited its 
burden of stones and gravel. The river bed was soon filled up 
again with consequent flooding. Water technicians then in 
their turn began to strengthen the river banks with walls of 
stone and concrete and to dredge the channel. To the joy of the 
dredging companies they now had constant employment 
since after each heavy downpour in the mountains the high 
water came rushing down the river to deposit its load which 
again had to be dredged up. The river banks also had to be 
constantly repaired. 

In 1935 there was heavy flooding in the Rhinelands. New 



and even more expensive preventive measures were planned 
to reinforce the banks and clear the channel. It was then that 
Schauberger reacted to the German authorities, sharply 
criticizing their intended measures through articles and 
letters, while at the same time explaining how the river should 
be regulated to look after itself: 

To lower the level of the Rhine by 4 to 6 metres is simply a 
question of increasing the carrying capacity of the river. It 
involves regulating the water temperature, and would cost 
only a fraction of the amount required for the usual method 
of flood prevention. It is nonsensical to attempt dredging. 
One case of flooding is sufficient for the locks which have 
been dredged, to fill up again. One has only to think that 
each year the Rhine washes downstream about 100,000 
cubic metres of mud and gravel. Equally every rise in the 
river bank causes an increase in the danger of a breakthrough, 
which is in fact unavoidable if there is flooding and the 
water is warm. I should be invited to make suggestions 
instead. For a small cost danger of flooding would be 
averted forever. I would guarantee you a successful system 
of regulation and I would not ask for payment until the bed 
of the Rhine had sunk some 2 metres. 

No one paid any attention to Schauberger's offer. The 
traditional methods continued, as they still do, while the 
Rhine becomes more and more silted. 

To regulate the Rhine Schauberger intended to use, among 
other things, his so-called energy bodies for implantation into 
the river bed. These would simply be suitably shaped 'flutes' 
that would direct the water into the motion that has been 
described above. He had experimented with these earlier. 

When some years ago I secretly installed my energy bodies 
in the Steyrling stream, the water during a single night was 
so washed that hundreds of cubic metres of sand and grit 
were thrown up into the so-called sand trap to form a large 
heap, and the water level of the stream sank to the rock 

Along the smoothly formed banks or specially shaped 
stones, the water flows faster and excavates material more 
than in places where only small quantities of water move 



(A) shows a schematic diagram of a watercourse, in which the 'energy bodies' 
of type (B) have been systematically placed to enclose the theoretical flow 
channels. By way of these obliquely placed flutes, the water is propelled into 
a spiral motion in the middle of the flow channel (from Austrian patent 
13 45 43). 

against each other. This phenomenon can be used in 
controlling flow. If we regulate within reason the forces 
within the river by the introduction of impulses, we are able 
to obtain the scooping action in the middle of the river 
rather than near the banks, and in this way achieve a 
deepening of the water channel along the axis in the middle 
of the river. With the increased depth of water, the particles 
of grit and other material automatically move differently, as 
their velocity is slowed, and thus the river moves more 

In a properly regulated river, a capillary type action is 
formed purely mechanically through which the turbulent 
parts of the water spread outwards towards both banks and 
there divide into smaller masses; in the process they grind 
and crush what material is being transported, while the 
main part of the stream flows along relatively undisturbed, 



the different layers of water within it internally charged with 
energy enabling it to carry the rough solid matter. 

The flow of the main mass of water has the effect of 
selecting its load so that the coarse matter begins to drop 
away and is gradually drawn to the sides where the water is 
more turbulent, and where the mechanical process of 
breaking up into smaller fragments takes place. The lighter 
sand particles found in the main stream are unable to 
remain there because of their low specific weight and are 
quickly forced to the sides. Through this simple action the 
main axis of the water flow is prevented from silting up. 
What is quite clear is that a healthy river expands laterally 
and builds its own banks. Moreover the plant world thrives 
on the banks and protects the mother of all - the water. 

The water's ability to carry out its function, even in the 
turbine room of a power station, depends on the condition of 
the spring water catchment areas and the drainage basin itself. 
If, for example, through deforestation, the landscape's normal 
equilibrium is disturbed, the water loses it strength, like a 
person who is running a temperature. 5 In his treatise in Die 
Wasserwirtschaft Schauberger describes the basis for natural 
water regulation and shows how both the landscape and any 
adaptation of a watercourse affects the quality and health of 
the water. He showed how the surrounding temperature and 
other factors, alter the profile of flow in a watercourse and the 
different motions within the water, the turbulent and laminar 
flow that have such an important effect on its 'metabolism'. He 
also showed in detail how with the construction of specific 
dams, the areas of land around the watercourses could be 
reclaimed in a positive and natural way. 6 

'Positive' and 'negative' temperature changes are an impor- 
tant factor within Schauberger's water theories. The former is 
water approaching +4°C. Within this temperature range the 
water's energy and its centripetal cycloid spiral motion is in- 
creased. It becomes healthy, alive, and new water is built up 
through what he called 'emulsion' when the oxygen is bound 
by the hydrogen. Within 'negative' temperature range the 
water, warmed to over 4°C, has a diminishing energy and 
biological quality. The hydrogen is then bound by the oxygen, 
which leads to the water's slow degeneration, its loss of 
carrying power, and encouragement of pathogenic bacteria. 



Studies of Water 

Water takes a central place in Schauberger's view of the world. 
It is the container of life and full of mystery. 

Far back, in history, there is evidence that men who have 
attempted to solve the riddle of water have been bitterly 
attacked. Every attempt to explain the nature of water in old 
books has been demolished in later editions. In any case, 
maintaining the sense of mystery about water ensures the 
prosperity of the capital intensive economy, for financial 
interest thrives only on a defective economy. If the riddle 
surrounding the origins of water were solved, it would be 
possible to make as much pure water available as required 
at any location; in this way vast areas of desert would 
become fertile. As a consequence, the selling values of the 
produce would sink so low that there would be no more 
incentive to speculate, or to develop agricultural machinery. 
The concept of unrestricted production and cheap machine 
power is so revolutionary, that the way of life all over the 
world would experience a change. Maintaining the mystery 
of water, therefore, maintains the value of capital, so every 
attempt to come nearer to an explanation is attacked. 

Even if Schauberger' s claims to have discovered the key to 
water's mystery may seem inflated, his knowledge of water was 
certainly considerable. Above all it was built on many years of 
concentrated study of Nature; but from a number of his 
writings it is clear that he was not a stranger to theoretical 
hydrology either. He insisted that technicians and scientists 

The two photographs above show motion within a water droplet. (Karl H. 
Henssel Verlag, Berlin). 



who studied water in laboratories had hardly any chance of 
ever knowing anything meaningful about the reality and 
character of water. 'Water at research establishments concerned 
with probing its characteristics should never be so intensively 
analysed and measured. The 'water corpse' brought in for 
investigation can in no circumstances reveal the natural laws 
of water. It is only with natural free-flowing water that 
conclusions can be drawn and ideas formulated. The more 
profound laws are, however, hidden within the organism of 
the earth.' 

'At least one now knows water is not always water', says 
Schauberger. Now it is known, for example, that there is 
'heavy water with special qualities; but generally, as far as 
science is concerned, water is thought to be an organically 
dead chemical substance, with several different sequential 
forms, and with a cycle from the atmosphere to the sea. But the 
problem of water is not so simple; he explains: 

Actually, the mysteries of water are similar to those of the 
blood in the human body. In Nature, normal functions are 
fulfilled by water just as blood provides many important 
functions for mankind. 7 

Schauberger also made use of history to aid him in his hunt 
for the key to water's mysteries. He carefully studied how 
people in earlier times had treated water. 

The Romans made their springs effective by carefully 
placing a thick stone plate sideways at a particular height 
over the mouth of the spring. A hole was then cut into the 
plate, through which a pipe was inserted, which was made 
sufficiently tight so that no air could escape. This and 
similar methods of those times took more account, despite 
their simplicity, of the nature of water than modern 
methods, which generally disturb the immediate surround- 
ings of the spring by the use of lime, cement and metal. 
This interrupts a symbiotic relationship between the spring 
and its close environment 

In considering the choice of material for constructing a 
water supply system, where wood is not available, one 
should observe the effect over the years of metal coins, 
which have been thrown ritually into springs, and choose 



the metal of those coins which seems to keep the spring 
healthy. If we study the water supply systems of the ancient 
Romans, we note that the drinking water was supplied 
either through wooden pipes or along natural stone chan- 
nels. Later on, as the towns grew and the water requirements 
increased, the unfortunate choice was made to supply both 
drinking and bath water in metal channels. 

Other ancient waterworks of great interest were the under- 
ground irrigation canals built in Eastern Turkestan. They were 
maintained and functioning even during the 1700s, and their 
remains were studied by Sven Hedin during his travels in 
Asia. 8 Water ran at great depth in these canals, and flowed in 
darkness to the areas to be irrigated, and Schauberger thought 
that this method of transporting water in darkness and 
coolness was one of the reasons for the fertility that was once a 
characteristic of the oases in Eastern Turkestan. 

Such historical observations were very interesting. They 
showed that people formerly had had a clearer understanding 
of water's true character than today. But in the final analysis, 
Schauberger always fell back on his own observations and his 
own situation. It was this intuition, this deep perception of 
Nature's hidden relationships, that led Schauberger to attempt 
to copy natural processes, and which also enabled him to 
come to such unusual conclusions about what he saw in 

Natural phenomena undisturbed by man point the way to 
the realization of a new technique. One needs a keen sense 
of observation. We must understand Nature before we can 
adapt its way of working to our needs. As a gamekeeper in a 
remote forest region hardly visited by man, I was able to 
make these observations and they led me to the idea of 

In Hetzau, below Ring, lie the Od Lakes (Odseen). After a 
long spell of hot weather a thunder-like noise (buhlen in the 
local dialect) is often heard coming from the bottom of the 
lake, accompanied by a water spout 

One hot summer day I sat on the bank of the lake and 
wondered whether I should cool down by taking a refreshing 
bathe. Just as I decided to jump in, I noticed the water 
beginning to move in peculiar spiral whorls. Trees, which 



had been dumped in the lake by avalanches, began to 
describe a sort of spiral dance, which drew them constantly 
nearer, with ever increasing speed, to the centre of the lake. 
Having reached the middle, the trees suddenly took up a 
vertical position and then appeared to be sucked down into 
the depths by some dragging force, causing the bark to be 
ripped off. It could be likened to the experience of a man 
suddenly hurled upwards in the air by a cyclone, to crash 
down to earth stark naked. No tree reappeared from out of 
the Od lake. 

In a short time the lake was again calmer, as if it had been 
freed by the victims which had been dragged down into the 
depths. It was, however, only the calm before the real 
storm. Suddenly the bed of the lake began to rumble. 
Without warning, a water spout of at least the height of a 
house shot upwards from the middle of the lake. A noise 
like thunder accompanied the turning cuplike pillar of 
water. Then, as suddenly, the spout collapsed upon itself. 
Waves hit the banks of the lake as the water began to rise in a 
mysterious way, and I was forced to leave hurriedly. I had 
experienced the archetypal expansion of water, a renewal of 
water in the lake, without any inflow. 9 

Schauberger draws an audacious conclusion from his 
experience by the lake. According to his theories on water, it is 
a living substance which is born and develops - normally to 
change into higher forms of energy- but can, with incorrect 
treatment, also die. Even a restricted volume of water can 
increase, not in the usual sense of expansion through heat, but 
instead through growth like an organism. Schauberger con- 

Naturally moving water augments itself. It improves its 
quality and matures considerably. Its boiling and freezing 
points change, and wise Nature makes use of this pheno- 
menon to raise water, without using pumping equipment, 
to the highest mountain peaks, to appear as mountain 
springs. This conception of raising water is not to be taken 
literally, since in this context it is concerned with the natural 
process of propagation and purification. This in turn helps 
towards the expansion of air by creating an air cover, which 
serves to develop a higher form of life. 



The Full and the Half Cycle 

According to Schauberger, the water's cycle from the earth to 
the atmosphere and back again is either completed as a full 
cycle, or remains a half cycle. 10 The full cycle can only take 
place where there is the appropriate vegetation cover to allow 
the rain to penetrate deeply, and it will in turn encourage 
natural vegetation and conditions of water run off. In the full 
cycle, when water falls to earth as precipitation, it drains 
through the soil, sinking deeper and deeper through rapid 
cooling, until it reaches a level where the weight of the water 
mass above equals the pressure of the deeply drained water, 
the latter, warmed by the earth's heat, and as its specific weight 
falls, wants to rise. During heating the water is able to attract 
and bind metals and salts. In fact, the water has been partially 
converted to steam during heating, and comes into contact 
with carbon beneath the earth, causing the reaction C + H 2 — > 
CO + H 2 ; that means that the oxygen in the water separates 
from the hydrogen, and then the damp hydrogen gas forces its 
way towards the earth's surface with tremendous pressure. 
Thus carbon dioxide is released from the deeper drainage 
basins. At the same time surrounding salts are dissolved and 
carried away with the gas to be deposited again in layers near 
the surface, which is kept cool by the 'refrigeration' effect of 
the vegetation. This is how a constant supply of nutrition is 
made available for vegetation, and deposited at root level. 

In the half cycle, on the other hand, no such nutritional flow 
occurs. If the surface area has little or no vegetation cover, as 
for example after timber cutting, it becomes warmed up by the 
sun. If the ground is warmer than the precipitation the 
moisture is prevented from penetrating the soil. 

As the water sinks just below the surface, it rapidly warms 
up and runs off, without having been able to bring up any of 
the nutritional salts. It also evaporates much more quickly. 

The cycle also governs the formation of subsoil water, and 
its relative level. Where only half that cycle is completed there 
is no subsoil water, or rather, it is at great depth, having been 
dependent on the vegetation's cooling action of the soil. If, for 
example, there was a dry period in a normal landscape, the 
evaporation rates of the trees would increase, meaning that 
warmth was taken away from the root areas, which cool down 
towards +4°C. Here Archimedes' principle comes into play as 



lower layers of less dense warmer water can never lie below 
colder water, which has a higher specific gravity. In other 
words, the subsoil water level rises towards the surface and 
offsets the threatened drying out of the root area. If there is no 
vegetation then no such rise in water level can take place. 

In this presentation of water's temperature changes through- 
out its cycle, Schauberger provides an interesting explanation 
of the continuous nutrition supply to the growth zones within 
the natural landforms, and also an explanation of the exhaus- 
tion of the soil that takes place when natural forests and 
healthy water conditions are destroyed. 

Near the polar regions where there are winter or frozen 
conditions for a long period of the year, the movement of 
nutrition is concentrated in the spring. Snow and frozen 
ground effectively insulate against the atmosphere, and the 
soil's warmth is maintained under this insulation blanket until 
the spring, when the sun's warmth helps to soften up the 
frozen surface soil. Melt water can now percolate down into 
the ground to deeper levels where the complete cycle can force 
up the nutrients to the root areas of the vegetation. The thicker 
the frozen soil level, the better the movement of nutrients in 
the spring. On the other hand, bad winters give bad harvests 
the following summer. (Die Wasserwirtschaft, No. 5, 1931.) 

Following forest clearance the water level drops, interrupting 
the otherwise continuous transport of nutrients from under- 
ground. It may be clearer now why modern forestry techniques 
require the artificial fertilizing of their commercial forests, as 
the normal nutritional build up that Nature normally provides 
can no longer take place. 

Schauberger did not approve of pumped subsurface water 
as drinking water. This water forced artificially from the 
depths was 'immature' - it had not yet passed through the 
whole of its natural cycle, and therefore in the long term would 
be injurious to man, animals and even plants. Only the water 
that runs out from the soil by itself in the form of springs and 
streams is suitable as drinking water. 

The tapping of the earth's subsoil water resources contains, 
according to Schauberger, a double risk; these reserves of 
'immature' water are used up, and also this water acts in a 
negative way upon all living biological processes. Instead of 
imparting energy to the drinker, it takes energy for itself from 
the organism. 

Haravatts River in Jamtland (Nils John Norenlind). 



Water flowing from a natural source, particularly a mountain 
spring, acts in quite a different way. Schauberger found that if 
one drank a litre of this water - thus presumably increasing 
one's weight by approximately a kilo - the net increase in 
weight was in fact only 300-400g. The remaining water must 
have been converted directly as energy to the body, thereby 
explaining the enormously enlivening quality that this water 
gives. It was this type of water that Schauberger strove to 
produce by machine, using his 'repulsator' which is described 

Artificially-made Spring Water 

Early on Viktor Schauberger had thought of the possibility of 
producing good drinking water artificially. By using a machine 
that copied Nature's methods of building up water, it should 
be possible to create spring water, and so support people who 
could not obtain natural water because of environmental 

As long as man had not disturbed the organic balance and 
Mother Earth was able to donate her blood - the water - to 
provide a healthy vegetation, there was no need to construct 
artificial canals, since the earth already provided waterways. 
Today, however, where nearly all the healthy springs are 
either dried up or the water is diverted from its source and is 
led through badly constructed pipes, all of life is dependent 
upon stale and therefore unhealthy water. Water supplied 
to housing estates for human consumption through inferior 
systems is infected with chemicals. It is desperately impor- 
tant to rediscover Nature's ways if human beings, animals 
and the land are to be saved from decline and the earth is 
not to die of thirst 

It is only Nature which can and must be our teacher. If we 
want to be healthy we cannot merely rely on local mech- 
anical or hydraulic action for our water supplies. We must try 
to understand how Mother Nature transforms water into 
the life blood of the planet and makes it available to us, pure 
and life giving. If we succeed in this quest there would be no 
reason why the earth could not be transformed into a 
garden, supplying unimaginable and delectable harvests. 
Good mountain spring water differs from atmospheric 



(rain) water by its suspended matter. Besides the dissolved 
salts, mountain spring water contains a relatively high 
content of gases in both free and fixed form as carbonic 
acid. The gases absorbed in a good mountain spring consist 
of 96 per cent carbon matter. By carbon matter in this 
context is meant all carbon matter known to the analytical 
chemist, all elements and their compounds, all metals and 
minerals; in other words, all matter with the exception of 
oxygen and hydrogen. 

Atmospheric water (rain water, condensed water, distilled 
water or water exposed to a strong current of air and 
intensive light) as for instance surface water, contains a 
relatively high content of oxygen, almost no or limited salt 
content, no or only a small amount of free and fixed 
carbonic acid and a gas content absorbed from the air 
consisting of oxygen which is preponderately dissolved in 
physical form. 

There are different ways in which the suspended matter is 
carried in solution in water. And just as the chemical 
composition of the solution can vary, so can the type of 
solution indicate the kind of energy that is at work in the 
water. Accordingly we differentiate water which contains a 
high percentage of energy derived from carbon matter, 
from water which exhibits a high percentage of energy 
derived from oxygen. 

Water which sinks into the earth from the atmosphere 
will pick up salts and minerals and other substances which 
restore its vitality; it is enlivened by isolation from light and 
air. But there is also a certain journey in both time and 
distance that the water must make underground before it 
becomes internally mature. Water is mature if the air it has 
absorbed contains at least 96 per cent carbon content of 
which there is a proportion of solid matter. From this inner 
maturity the quality and the internal strength of the water 

Schauberger now began to attempt to reproduce these 
stages. He built the first so-called water refining apparatus 
around 1930, and finally developed a model for which he 
sought a patent 

He started with sterilized water from the Danube, added 
small measures of certain metals, minerals and carbon dioxide, 

An earlier type of apparatus for the production of 'living water'. Sterilized 
water from container (A) is mixed drop by drop with the salt soludon from 
(C). The mixture then passes to (D) where it sprays out from the perforated 
pipe 'n 1 , while carbon dioxide is being introduced via pipe 'k'. Water falls in 
droplets to the bottom of (D) while absorbing carbon dioxide, and is led to 
(E) where it is forced into a meandering motion onto (F) where it passes over 
gold and silver filaments, to finally gather and cool in the silver lined 
container (H), until it slowly reaches +4°C. 



and let the mixture undergo cycloid spiral motion in darkness, 
while allowing its temperature to fall towards water's 'bio- 
logical zero' (+4°C). The whole process was an attempt to 
copy water's natural journey in the earth as he understood of 
its 'full cycle'. After a short storage period the water was 
allowed slowly to increase in temperature to +8°C, and was 
then ready to drink. 

Rumour soon spread that Viktor Schauberger could make 
living water' and people streamed to his home to try it. The 
general opinion was that the water was very refreshing; the sick 
felt better, fevers abated and recovery quickened. Schauberger 
had already been nicknamed 'water magician' when building 
his timber chutes, and now he was really thought to be one. 
Specimens sent to laboratories for analysis showed that 
Schauberger's water could not be differentiated from spa 

The first apparatus was, however, very complicated both to 
build and to operate. Schauberger strove therefore to construct 
a more 'natural' model. After a while he developed an 
apparatus resembling that shown on p.62. Realizing the 
importance of the correct shape for the development of the 
relevant motion, Schauberger chose the shape of an egg, 
which he considered Nature's most ideal form. The materials 
used in his 'egg' were crucial; he experimented with different 
alloys of 'pure metals', until he found one he considered 
suitable. The vessel had a vacuum-tight lid which allowed 
filling and draining with an inlet for carbon dioxide. There was 
a meter to measure the 'biological vacuum' that should build 
up within the container, if the process was to function 
correcdy. The agitator was an important part of the apparatus, 
which stirred the water in a cycloid spiral motion. The 
agitator's shape, the number and direction of revolutions, 
a certain rhythm in 3/4 time, were all critical factors. The vessel 
also had to be well insulated with a suitable material to prevent 
the energy created within from radiating outwards. This 
energy should instead be returned in the water to give it its 
high quality. 

A New Type of Pipe for Drinking Water 

Schauberger's plans for healthy drinking water also included 
the redesigning of water pipes made of new materials. He was 

A schematic diagram of the apparatus for biosynthesis. The ingredients for 
biosynthesis are added together within the airtight egg shaped vessel made 
of synthetic material. The contents are then set into a hyperbolic centripetal 
spiral motion by the specially-shaped agitator. A cooling coil provides the 
appropriate temperature control. The vessel is enclosed within an insulation 
shell of hydrocarbon material to restrict the loss of 'implosion energy' 
created, instead concentrating it within the vessel so that biosynthesis can 
take place. The vacuum meter monitors the 'biological vacuum' formed if 
biosynthesis succeeds. 



Apparatus for biological synthesis of spring water, constructed by Swedish 
biotechnicians (see p. 129). 

most critical of iron or concrete pipes, which he thought 
especially ruinous to water and a cause of cancer. 

The capillaries in the bodies of animals and plants serve as 
conductors for blood and sap and for the maintenance of 
the whole structure. In the same way, the supply pipes for 
drinking water should be seen as capillaries in order to 
discourage physical deterioration of the pipe (through the 
wrong choice of pipe material) or harmful properties in the 
water itself. Human beings or animals can thus become 
affected. The walls of our drinking water pipes must be 
made to encourage water to flow as it does in Nature, 
otherwise the water pipes themselves will be corroded or 
the human blood vessel system damaged, causing dangerous 
illnesses like cancer. 

If this deterioration of the quality of water is to be 
avoided, the material used for the main supply must be so 
chosen that it is organically compatible and above all a poor 
conductor of heat, like sound healthy wood. Artificial stone 



is about as unsuitable as metal for conducting pure drinking 
water, for only natural materials should be used in the 
process of conducting the blood of the earth. Sound and 
correcdy treated wood is in fact as resistant to deterioration 
as iron. 

To discourage corrosion or rotting, pipes laid in the earth 
should, in addition to special treatment, be surrounded by 
sandy and not humus soil. The insulating quality of wooden 
pipes will reduce the deterioration that comes with temper- 
ature change in the water (see below). The hydraulic 
efficiency of a wooden pipe is even somewhat greater than 
that of an iron or concrete pipe. 11 However, timber pro- 
duced by modern forestry techniques is unsuitable for 
conduit work, since it has neither the same quality nor the 
durability of naturally grown wood. 

It was not only the material within the pipe that Schauberger 
had in mind that determined the quality of water, but also its 
shape, which influenced the water's form of motion. Poor 

A double spiral pipe. The pipe, preferably made of wood, has guiding edges 
of pure metal (e.g. copper or silver) attached to the inside. These force the 
water into a spiral motion, which should increase its quality, while at the 
same time considerably reducing the resistance in the pipe. (Austrian patent 
13 82 96.) 



quality could be improved with the use of a spiral of certain 
metal alloys in sections of the pipe system. Schauberger 
obtained a patent for this in 1934. 

If a conducting trough is constructed in a naturally correct 
way with a form of double twist, as can be seen in freely- 
flowing brooks and rivers, then the water flowing in the 
trough is cool, fresh, full of energy and contains little gas. It 
sparkles with energy. 

He also maintained that pathogenic bacteria in the water 
disappears with the use of these pipes. 

Schauberger also thought that pressurization of water by 
pumping was harmful. It becomes deadened in the same way 
as water that passes through the turbines in power stations. 12 

Schauberger's proposals for the natural treatment of water 
were most controversial: 

1) Water must be allowed to flow and mature in its own 
natural environment, which, amongst other things, pre- 
supposes a naturally -grown forest containing a great 
variety of species. Both single crop forestry and clear 
felling must cease. 

2) All watercourses, from the litde stream to the mature 
river, must have banks grown with trees and bushes to 
give natural shade. 

3) Water installations (dams, power stations, etc.) must be 
sympathetic to water's needs and must not alter its 
natural forms of motion. 

4) Water pipes, and other water transporting methods, 
must be so designed and of such material as to promote 
the preservation and development of water's particular 
biological quality. 



The Natural and the Artificial Forest 

Viktor Schauberger saw the forest as the prerequisite for 
healthy water, for a sound build-up of nutrition, and for 
maintaining a sound human culture. The definition of the 
term 'forest' was for Schauberger totally different from that 
used by modern commercial forestry. Schauberger's 'forest' is 
a naturally mixed forest, with many species coexisting in 
ecological harmony. He wrote in 1930: 

A healthy forest, untouched by forestry technology, is made 
up of a strange mixture of vegetation. Alongside well- 
defined areas of noble trees, conditions of apparent chaos 
can be found, which can best be described as irregular 
confusion. People who are not aware of the importance of 
the balance in Nature, of which the forest is a part, want to 
clear areas of everything they do not consider to be useful. A 
great deal of sensitive concern and observation is necessary 
to begin to understand why Nature depends on an appar- 
ently chaotic disorder. 

Modern forestry is completely unrelated to the forest's 
natural life, but, instead, upsets the whole balance of growth 
and creates chaos. 

At one time the young sapling lived for decades in the 
healthy naturally -growing forest, uninfluenced by man and 
his technology, as part of the healthy growth protected by 
the mother trees and responding to the harmonious 
balance of temperature, humidity and light. 



With the death of the mother trees, the saplings nearing 
maturity reach out to enjoy the direct light and warmth; the 
period of early growth, shown by the very narrow annual 
rings, is already over. The conditions of increased light and 
warmth accelerated the growth of the younger trees. It is 
important that the trunk of the tree remains protected from 
the direct influence of the sun except for the crown. 

The commercial forester, aware of the effect of light- 
growth, envisaged a scientific method of achieving the same 
results. He drew up a new blueprint for growth, which, 
although in conflict with the natural order was, in his 
opinion, more effective. This new technique for forest 
development subjected the saplings to too much light and 
warmth and an excessive growth of the annual rings. These 
new methods have resulted in the system of laying waste 
whole areas of trees. As a consequence, certain forms of 
undergrowth have disappeared. This was thought to be of 
no disadvantage, because it avoided the necessity of draining 
this type of ground, which was of no value. 

Inevitably, this new form of timber industry has left those 
trees standing which grow in the shade and thus are light 
sensitive, without the protection of the old trees vital for the 
natural rejuvenation processes. The centimetre-wide annual 
rings on fir trees, caused by the sudden denuding of other 
trees in the immediate vicinity, produce spongy wood of 
inferior quality, and after cutting it is evident from the rings 
that there is a loss of consistency. After the drying-out 
process, these spongy areas contract in a different way to 
healthy wood. Clearly, such wood should not be used for 
house construction. Since the introduction of scientific 
methods of arboriculture, the highest quality wood, the so- 
called 'resonance wood' has disappeared completely. 

This slow growing wood differs from the fast produced 
by modern methods by the annual rings, which are difficult 
to distinguish. The organic structure of the natural wood 
shows a fine homogeneity. The wonderful timbre of the 
instruments made from this wood (which Stradivarius used 
for his famous violins) shows that it is not only healthier, but 
also has an almost unlimited durability. In comparing the 
properties of wood produced by modern forestry practice 
with this wood of supreme quality, one begins to realise the 
almost irretrievable loss we have suffered through blatant 



misunderstanding of natural processes. 

One might ask how can we continue to use a forestry 
technique, which after barely a century has been responsible 
for such catastrophic results, jeopardizing the future of all 
forests? A return to Nature and her processes is now 
becoming increasingly urgent The forest is not a resource 
to be exploited, but a vital organic part of each culture, 
particularly in the mountain regions. Social deprivation 
becomes greater as a consequence of today's destruction of 
the forest 

What at first sight appeared as a great source of wealth, 
even a scientific breakthrough, has since been revealed as a 
calamity. Perhaps it is too late to avoid cultural decline as a 
result of our mistakes. It is clear that the extermination of a 
type of tree creates a gap in the ecological balance because 
its destruction can lead to the disappearance of another 
type. This has the effect of reducing the supply of deep 
ground water and its accompanying nutrients. The timber 
needs of our modern construction industry has led to the 
clear felling forestry economy with its forced replanting 
methods, resulting in a general decline in the quality of the 

The disturbance of the forest's natural balance has also far 
reaching consequences as the whole nutritional supply for the 
surrounding landscape is seriously damaged. 

As a result of the wholesale clearance of forest areas and the 
dying out of certain types of wood, the soil starts to lose 
nutrients. The sun's rays are now able to reach the soil 
surface, causing it to warm up. This means that the ground 
water containing the essential nutrients is prevented from 
rising, and the vital salts are deposited below the root level 
of the saplings. The roots can no longer reach the nutritive 
layer deep in the soil. Soon the vegetation will diminish and 
the decline to desert waste begins. 

Schauberger points out that a natural forest has an average 
temperature in the root zone of +9°C. This temperature must 
not increase if the natural growth process is to continue. 13 



The Forest as the Landscape's Power Centre 

Schauberger emphasized that the natural forest is a power 
centre for the whole of the surrounding landscape. He sees 
each tree as an energy-laden body in which a number of 
complicated processes occur, and which radiates energies into 
its immediate environment. These energies, 'horizontal ground 
rays', which also emanate from natural watercourses are not 
only a basis for vegetation growth, but also help build up 
ground water. 

The damage caused by modern forest technology is so 
devastating, because this energy interchange cannot evolve 
as it does in a natural forest When there is a variety of tree 
types and undergrowth, energy is created in the whole 
forest area 

Schauberger also stresses the important role of trees as 
mineral processors, building up metals and minerals, through 
biochemical reprocessing and biodynamic circulation: 

Each green leaf or each needle is in effect a remarkably well- 
regulated metal factory. Its operation can be demonstrated 
experimentally. With the falling of the leaves or needles this 
supply of metals is scattered by the wind, and the more 
undergrowth there is, the greater is the dispersion of 
organic metal salts, which during the winter are pressed 
down hard by the snow. 14 

These metals play a large part in the build-up of the 
'insulating skin' that Schauberger thought so important for 
the living processes within the soil. They form an extremely 
fine material lattice on the ground surface, a type of organic 
diffusion filter that separates the negatively -charged ground 
from the positively -charged atmosphere, a prerequisite for the 
growth process. 

In this way, the trees build up important metals needed by 
plants and man, particularly in the form of trace elements. The 
watercourse flowing out of the natural forest carries with it 
some of these metals and deposits them in the surrounding 
environment These trace elements contribute to the basic 
make-up of living water. 



Besides its well-known ability to ameliorate the climate, the 
forest has also, according to Schauberger, a series of vitally 
important functions. He calls this the 'water's cradle', a vital 
factor in the provision of ground water. It produces trace 
elements and minerals, and it creates energy to make nutrition 

The Biological Consequences of the Destruction of Forests 

Viktor Schauberger was certainly one of the first in the world to 
warn about man's encroachment of the natural forest. His 
bitterness and worry about the plundering of the forests that 
commenced after the First World War in Austria and Germany 
was expressed movingly in his speeches and writings. He 
entreated the authorities, in his attempt to awaken public 
opinion to this 'final sale' of the landscape. He wrote in 1928: 

What can be said about the forest and its life? Unfortunately, 
my task is to write about its death. It is vital to alert those 
men who are still in a position to save the dying forests from 
the hands of those who have no feeling for, or awareness of 

When a man dies the bells toll. When the forest dies and 

Preparation of ground surface after felling by the Deman works in the 
Gallivare region (Pal-Nils Nilsson/Trio). 



with it a whole people perishes, not a finger is lifted. It is 
known that for the death of a people the death of a forest has 
preceded it. 

It may be hundreds of years before the forests return to 
the same standard as they were a few decades ago. 

The general public is not aware of this slow decline of 
quality. People see forests everywhere and are deceived by 
statistics, which report that there is more timber produced 
per hectare today than previously. This merely conceals the 
real truth - that the quality of the remaining forests is 
declining at a frightening rate. 

He had learned from bitter experience that the destruction 
of prime forests led also to the disappearance of water. In 1930 
he wrote: 

The finest memorial which could be given to a man, would 
be if he had the power and the will to end this senseless 
destruction of the timber forests. Tragically, the significance 
of the forest in relation to the life of a people is not 
appreciated in anyway. The forest is both the cradle and the 
haven for the divine water, if man destroys this haven then 
the water becomes resdess and of the greatest danger. 
Without the forest, no water, without water, no bread; 
without bread, no life. 

One eventually comes to the conclusion that all today's 
failures derive from the mistakes which have taken place in 
the ground, in the water and in the air. 

It is not a question of the forest remaining unutilized bv 
man; but present methods make no sense and display a total 
ignorance of the laws of forest and water. 

So long as a waterway is able itself to transport a log, the 
forester may use his axe. The deterioration of a waterway is a 
warning of danger, which, without exaggeration, threatens 
our very existence. 

So long as the forester does not interfere with the natural 
order of the forest, the stream, which flows through most 
forests, will deliver almost without cost the fruit of the 
forest, namely, the timber. 

If, on the other hand, the forester (in this case, a forest 



destroyer) so operates that he changes the basic concepts 
under which the forest can thrive (by, for example, wholesale 
timber felling), then Nature will react to protect itself. The 
destruction of the forest leads immediately to the destruction 
of the waterways, the only profitable means of transport. 

The wholesale destruction of forests continues and every- 
where the consequences are frightening. The sinking of 
the ground water level, catastrophic flooding, irregularities of 
precipitation, agricultural decline, - all this and more are the 
consequences of mismanagement 

Man has introduced the crudest possible methods of 
tampering with Nature's self-regulation without the 
remotest knowledge of how the natural order properly 
functions, or of the laws of natural movement. There is 
complete ignorance of the relationship of the forests and 
vegetation to fertile soil, which is in fact so similar to that of 
the skin to the human body. Man puts a tremendous effort 
into developing a forest, with the sole purpose of exploiting 
everything that it contains, even though its price is the total 
destruction of the forest environment 

The most astonishing fact however, is that despite all the 
evidence of malpractice and economic decline, the irre- 
sponsible methods of forest treatment are still in use, which 
inevitably means that the forest as the basic requirement of 
every culture, is doomed to die ... 

Even though this was written in the 1930s, it has a burning 
relevance for the 1980s. 

At a time when millions of men are unemployed and 
miserable, the forests should be built up again with their 
waterways and storage lakes, so that the right balance is 
restored. Then the streams would once more supply 
healthy water. Such a scheme would get rid of idleness, 
which has already resulted in severing all relationships with 
Nature, and is literally the last hope for rehabilitation. 

Schauberger sees the natural forest as the base for all the 
build-up of quality of water and nutrition. If the natural forest 
is destroyed, natural biological water is first affected, and, 



then, the build-up of all other organic material. The biological 
quality of the nutrition is diminished, and people become 
more and more vulnerable to illnesses stemming from defi- 
ciency, circulatory diseases, and finally cancer. This, for 
Schauberger, was the logical consequence of the disruption of 
the forest's and the water's natural processes. Thus, the 
husbandry of the natural forest is a question of the survival of 

Without a healthy forest, there can be no healthy water, no 
healthy blood. It follows from this that resulting from the 
present methods in forestry and water management, a 
deterioration of the fundamental quality of living takes 

Schauberger had seen with his own eyes how the destruction 
of a forest region quickly led to biological changes. He relates 
one of his experiences: in Salzkammergut there was a spring 
considered to be poisonous. It had been enclosed to prevent 
grazing animals drinking from it Schauberger came to the 
place in the company of an old gamekeeper, who warned him 
not to even approach the spring. Schauberger's dog, during an 
unguarded moment, drank from the water, and after an 
hour's lapse was still full of vigour. This prompted Schauberger 
to himself have a drink. At first he felt dizzy, but his sensation 
soon gave way to a noticeably refreshing feeling. He explains: 

In the vicinity of the spring, traces of the presence of 
mountain goats were found. Surrounding the spring were 
mountain plants, which left an oily film on our mountain 
boots, which also could be seen on the surface of the crystal 
clear water. 

Particularly striking was the blood-red colour of the 
Alpine roses. They surrounded the spring like a blood-red 
carpet The leaves of these roses were as if sprayed with gold 
dust, which under the magnifying glass were found to be 
scales. There was undoubtedly a metallic content in these 

The water here did not freeze during the severest winter, 
where, at this altitude, minus 30°C was not uncommon. 
The old hunters set their fox traps at such springs. They 
were covered with moss and thus not exposed to light. They 



never froze, and kept the bait soft and odourless. The colder 
the external temperature, the warmer was the water. With 
an air temperature of -30°C, the water temperature rose by 
10°C, while on a particularly hot summer's day, it always 
approached the 'anomaly' temperature of +4°C. 

This took place just before the First World War. During 
the war, a depth of about 600 to 800 metres of forest was cut 
down. In the following spring, the spring already began to 
dry up. The oily film, mentioned above, completely disap- 
peared. The water became stale and first the medicinal 
crops in the vicinity disappeared, then the short grass, of 
which the goats were particularly fond, died off. 

Suddenly mange appeared in the area, which hitherto 
had been completely free of this disease, and gradually all 
the goats fell victim to it. Goats only survived if they did not 
stray from the springs or from where no wholesale timber 
clearance had taken place. 

It was through systematic and thorough observations of 
this kind, that it can be shown that water cannot rise high 
and the inner growth cannot be stimulated, if the heavy 
metal matter begins to fall out because of the weakening of 
the earth's strength through excessive timber clearance. 

Due to timber clearance, the metallic types of medicinal 
herbs can no longer thrive. The goats cannot regenerate 
their blood, through the crops which are necessary for them 
at these altitudes. 

Schauberger meant that, in the long term, mankind would 
be affected by the uprooting of forests, in the same way as the 
mountain goats. 

Viktor Schauberger's understanding of forests can be sum- 
marized as follows: 

1) The forest must not only be thought of as a source of raw 
materials and a base for material well-being. At the same 
time as being a vital life source for water and the fertile 
mouldy soil, it also generates energy and builds up a vital 
environment even beyond its boundaries. It is the cradle 
of living water. 

2) Without a natural forest, where many species of trees, 
bushes, and herbs are allowed to grow naturally and 



inter-relate both above the ground and in the root areas, 
the full cycle of water will not be properly completed. 
This is necessary in order to bring up the salt nutrients 
and trace elements to fertilize the mouldy surface soil. 

3) Without natural forests, water cannot flow from springs 
and streams when it has matured within the soil, and it 
cannot then continue to develop and fulfil its natural 
functions on the surface without the forest cover. 

4) A natural forest is like a power centre that sends out 
energy in flowing water to the surrounding environment 

5) The so-called rational forestation with its method of 
plantation, thinning and clearing, disturbs the complex 
relationships upon which the quality of all living organ- 
isms depend. Such forest exploitation becomes a threat 
to mankind itself, through its biological degenerative 
effect on water and foodstuffs. 

The Green Front 

Viktor Schauberger, together with his engineering son Walter, 
founded an organization in Austria in 1951 to encourage the 
protection and regeneration of natural forests, and promote 
environmental protection in general. This organisation, The 
Green Front (Die Grune Front) found a wide appeal, and it was in 
no small measure due to its work that responsible authorities 
in Austria finally woke up to the fact that the destruction of 
forests must cease. At the Forestry Charter Meeting in London 
in 1951, the two pioneers of The Green Front were praised for 
their contributions. 



Panta rei 

('Everything is in motion'): Heraklitos 
The Two Forms of Motion 

Though Schauberger was mainly engaged with building 
flotation installations until 1939, he also busied himself with 
many other problems. In addition to methods for regulating 
and regenerating water, he was fascinated by the production of 
useful forms of energy. Through observations and experiments 
he had become aware of the contrast between Nature's way of 
working, and man-made technology. He became more and 
more convinced that human technology is life-threatening 
and inhibits evolutionary growth. It is not just a question of air 
and water pollution. Though they were serious in themselves, 
he saw these absurdities as secondary problems. The funda- 
mental question is: must there not be something basically 
wrong with the principles behind modern technology to have 
led to such serious consequences for forests, for water, for soil; 
and all life? A technology that produces such upheavals in 
Nature, or at very least achieves such poor results, must be 
altogether wrong. This question of performance had long 
troubled him. He said about this: 'Our modern techniques 
behave like a farmer, who in the spring plants seven potatoes 
and in the autumn harvests one.' 

The steam and internal combustion engines, upon which 
the modern world depends, do not even work to a 50 per cent 
efficiency. More than half of the energy used is destroyed or 
useless. Why do they perform so badly? Nature soon provided 
him with an answer to this question: 'We use the wrong sort of 



All he had perceived of the circulators' motion of water, of 
blood and of sap, now showed itself to have a universal 
application. There exist two forms of motion within Nature- 
one that breaks down, the other that builds up and refines; 
both always work in co-operation with one another. 

The form of movement which creates, develops, purifies 
and grows is the hyperbolic spiral which externally is 
centripetal and internally moves towards the centre. We 
find it everywhere in Nature where growth or movement is 
taking place, in the spiralling of the nebulae in space, in the 
movement of our planetary system, in the natural flow of 
water, blood and sap. On the other hand, the destructive 
and dissolving form of movement is centrifugal in Nature- 
it forces the moving medium from the centre outwards 
towards the periphery in straight lines. The particles of the 
medium appear to be forced out from the centre. The 
medium is first weakened, then it dissolves and breaks up. 
Nature uses this action to disintegrate complexes which 
have lost their vivacity or have died. From the broken- down 
fragments, new co-ordinated forms, new identities can be 
created as a result of this concentrating form of movement. 
The centripetal, hyperbolic spiral movement is symptomatic 
of falling temperature, contraction, concentration. The 
centrifugal movement, on the other hand, is synonymous 
with rising temperature, heat, extension, expansion, 
explosion. In Nature, there is a continuous switch from one 
movement to the other, but if development is to occur, then 
the movement of growth must be predominant. 15 

Death Technology or Biotechnology? 

How is this relevant to our present technology? Schauberger 
states as a central theme of his teaching that the whole of our 
modern technology is built upon the idea of breaking down, 
through the medium of heat, combustion, explosion, expan- 
sion. It occurred to Schauberger that the poor results found in 
modern technology come from Nature's resistance to man's 
single-minded pursuit of destruction and decomposition. The 
overheating problem, air resistance, temperature and sound 
barriers, are evidence that man is on the wrong path. 



Our technology points to death. It squanders coal and oil, 
which have more important ecological roles than to be 
burned in stupid machines with waste products which 
poison and pollute our whole environment 

These are courageous opinions for Schauberger to have 
expressed as early as the 1930s. Today these views are not so 
strange to us, living in the middle of an environmental crisis, 
hearing daily about the harmful side-effects of technology's 
wastes. Schauberger's theme of the wrong motion is not yet 
acknowledged, and man continues to break Nature's laws, by 
following a destructive motion which brings chaos and 
anarchy to our world. If Schauberger's thought are correct, it is 
of little avail to try to develop exhaust filters, or sulphur-free 
oil, or absolutely safe nuclear power stations. None of these 
can eliminate the destructive influence on all living things, 

Water pollution through the release of industrial waste into the River Fyris 
(Stig T. Karlsson). 



brought about by the technical principle used in explosive 
power, or through the splitting of the atom. 

Schauberger wanted to demonstrate another way - a 
biotechnological way - of producing energy, a method of 
using the cycloid form of motion for the positive production of 
energy from air and water. The splitting of the atom and the 
development of nuclear energy heralds the commitment of 
our society's future to total destruction. In his last years 
Schauberger tried to awaken us to impending catastrophe. 

[Our object] must therefore be to publicize widely and 
above all to put before the Government the fact that the 
Einstein theory of energy gain through the splitting of the 
atom is an offence against Nature, and that one can make 
use of atomic power through the biotechnology of implosion. 

Schauberger strove to duplicate Nature's implosion through 
the design of his 'implosion machines', which he claimed were 
unique in that they needed no fuel. 

In the case of a power generator, nine times as much energy 
in the form of fuel is required in the conversion to electricity 
or other kind of output. This system of plundering the 
resources of the earth, which has resulted in the murderous 
scramble for the earth's energy, is based upon the explosion 
motor, which operates centrifugallv. The implosion motor, 
however, is centripetally operated. It produces its own 
driving source through the diamagnetic use of water and 
air. It does not require any other fuel such as coal, oil, 
uranium or energy derived from atom splitting, since it can 
produce its own energy (atomic power) by biological means 
in unlimited amounts - almost without cost. It has been 
overlooked that energy is also bipolar and appears freely as 
part of the motion of the earth's medium - water and air, 
which have the effect of reviving energy. The type of energy 
can be either bio-electrical, that is destructive, or biomagnetic, 
ie. levitative. 

Implosion and Diamagnetism 

Schauberger tried to explain the natural phenomena that gave 
rise to the understanding of implosion power and its associated 



'diamagnetism', and their opposites in the following way. 

Let us begin with the most elementary aspect: the basic 
elements hydrogen and oxygen, the chief components of 
water and air, oppose each other in the following manner 

Hydrogen (H) becomes active by cooling and combines 
with the passive oxygen (O) to produce a concentrated form 
of energy of lift and growth, 'biological magnetism'. This 
lifting power of diamagnetism operates in opposition to 
gravitation. In the case of hydrogen gas, which was used to 
fill the Zeppelins, the lifting force amounted to 2km per 
second. Above all the ' play of nature' turns on these two 
forces. Thus the biological magnetic or levitation tendency 
of the plant as it is attracted towards the light, influences its 
growth, while simultaneously increasing its weight and 
consequently the force of gravity. As iron and steel are 
attracted bv magnetism so the elements hydrogen and 
oxygen, essential for sustaining life, as also are the highly 
valuable trace elements - the 'chromosomes' of water and 
air - are attracted by diamagnetism. It is the opposite to 
electricity. Stale water is reactivated and increased in 
volume through biological magnetism. 17 

Oxygen (O) is activated by heat (every oven burns better 
by adding oxygen!) and combines with the then passive 
hydrogen (H) to produce a dispersing energy which results 
in decomposition. This occurs with every explosion. It is 
produced whenever pressure, heating and explosion are 
used and is particularly found in weapon design and atom 
splitting, whether for war or peaceful purposes. 

Heat is the lowest form of water decomposing energy. As 
the molecules are redistributed, heat is generated (the 
predominating H combines with O, instead of O with H, as 
would be necessary for organic growth), then the water (as 
in the sap of plants and blood) becomes stale, lacking in 
higher quality matter (which burns up due to the excess of 
oxygen). Decomposition sets in, cancer develops and at the 
same time the decomposing element traces and pathogenic 
bacteria multiply, overcoming the natural restorative 
processes of higher forms of organic life. 

The molecular build-up of cancer growth, causing fever, 
is stimulated by impulses of a physical, chemical and a 
psychic nature. All energy (heat, electricity, magnetism, or 



diamagnetism) is the result of bi-polar action, originating in 
mutual attraction. The whole universe is composed of living 
organisms, which with little effort can be forced into a 
straight-jacket by the human operation of using hammer, 
tongs, hatchet, screws or explosives, and with even less 
effort can be made to produce in abundance. It is not 
pressure, but attraction that the 'eternal woman' employs; 
so we can talk of negative pressure, or the negative 
electricity of diamagnetism. 

The invention of the 'suction spiral' and the 'suction 
turbine' is based on the same principle as the twisting action 
of rivers, which is caused by the movement and rotation of 
the earth. In the river, the water is thrown hither and 
thither, spins, reels on itself, as the rope in the hands of the 
ropemaker. It forms whirlpools, eddies, spiral-forming 
currents, where the water rotates on its own axis and 
condenses. Vacuums are formed, creating a negative pres- 
sure, which affect the breathing of the water through 
suction, and this generates a cool air stream. This is the 
'falling temperature phenomenon', which physics has not 
considered to be mechanically produced. It is, however, 
produced in the suction turbine, which rediscovers an 
ancient principle. 

The problem is solved. We are now in a position to 
convert the present 'fire technology', one of destruction, 
into a technique of life, to convert explosion motors into 

Schauberger does not limit these energy effects to a local 
scale, but insists they apply to all of life, even on a grand scale. 

If this decomposing energy, which in Nature is a retarding 
force, is produced by centrifugal force mechanically, in 
uncompromising opposition to Nature, then cancer is 
likely to develop. Eventually this may have the effect of 
making us cease trying to manipulate Nature, and in the 
long run increasing our chances of survival. 

For Schauberger, then, it is the reliance of technology on the 
principle of explosion that is the universal problem. A change 
of attitude, leading to the development of constructive energy 



generation, would open immense possibilities for mankind to 
influence the creative evolution of Nature. 

If, on the other hand, human existence were to develop 
natural centripetal movement in air and water, negative 
pressure could be activated to release certain trapped forms 
of energy. The trace elements and 'chromosomes' in the 
water and air provide atomic decomposing energy from 
previous higher forms of life in which they were contained, 
and which merely await an impulse to be revitalised. If this 
were to happen, the whole process of growth would be 
stimulated and revitalized. 18 



Schauberger's Understanding of the Energy Question 

The conventional methods of energy production are all 
associated with destruction, producing obvious side-effects of 
waste, but also more subde effects on organic life. Schau- 
berger was especially critical of the use of fossil fuels, coal and 
oil, which he considered essential in their natural state for the 
build up of healthy water. When the earth's coal and oil 
resources are plundered, it leads to the disappearance of 
water. Coal and oil contain high-value trace elements from 
earlier life forms. Nuclear power, the splitting of me atom, he 
saw as a watershed of life, between its highest stage and its final 
misery. 42 

Schauberger was also critical of hydro-electric power stations, 
though their damaging effects are not so obvious. The natural 
structure of the water is broken down as it passes through the 
turbines; the steel of the turbine has a detrimental effect on the 
water, which is then forced into an unnatural form of motion. 
He used to tell how mountain farmers in Austria were 
unhappy irrigating their fields with water that had gone 
through the power stations' turbines, as it had become 

The ringleader in mis insane merry-go-round is the energy 
technologist. Coal, the bread of the earth, and water, the 
blood of the earth, when found in sufficient quantities, are 
the providers of energy. For the first few decades, man 
basked in this accidentally-found richness; but already the 
effectiveness of me water providing the power has been lost, 
precipitating a destructive cycle on the earth. As man toils 
with tremendous energy, so his misery grows. 



New Motor Fuel Through Biosynthesis 

One alternative to explosive technology that Schauberger 
investigated was a new motor fuel that could be used in 
ordinary combustion engines, but without the dangerous 
waste products. 

He had discovered that water in a constructive hyperbolic 
motion had the ability to create different forms of synthesis. 
He redesigned the apparatus he had constructed for his living 
water experiments, to bring about the synthesis of hydro- 
carbons suitable for fuel. He felt that it should be possible 
from low quality raw materials to create a product with a high 
energy content 

He was reputed to have obtained traces of a petroleum-like 
product in his apparatus. He refers in his writings to 'highly 
potent water' that he could now manufacture in his 'repulsator'. 

If water is sprayed into a cylinder and a quantity of natural 
oxygen is added, a light heat pressure created by a descend- 
ing piston is sufficient to transform the highly potent water 
into a gas. 

The exhaust gas from this 'highly potent water' was very 
similar to ordinary air, and therefore poison-free. However, 
there were great problems with these experiments, and he 
failed to achieve consistent results, even with careful controls. 43 

Trout Turbine 

Schauberger turned his attention to constructing a machine 
designed to produce energy direcdy from air and water. He 
worked in 1931-32 with Dr Winter, an engineer from Vienna 
However, the results they achieved had only curiosity value. 
He therfore returned to the question of trout in mountain 
streams, and how they could apparently harness energy from 
the water. Finally, he was convinced that he had solved the 
problem. The trout takes in water through its mouth, and 
expels it through its gills. By trimming the almost microscopic 
leading edges of the gills, the water is given a strong inrushing 
movement (analagous to the hyperbolic centripetal spiral 
movement). Through the simultaneous influence of certain 
trace elements found within the gills, the water is changed 
catalystically into what Schauberger termed 'juvenile' water, 



which has new physical characteristics. The water that flows 
from the gills along the streamlined body of the fish reacts 
forcefully with the surrounding water because of its different 
make-up. This results in a secondary system of water circulation 
being formed which resists the water's natural flow in the 
stream. By regulating this pressure with the gills, the trout can 
either stand stock still or move lightning fast against the 

He found a comparable example in the wings of birds. 
When air flows through the feathers during flight, strong 
counter circulations of updraft are formed, carrying the bird 
forward and upward. Schauberger used to say that birds do 
not fly, they are flown, and fish do not swim, they are swum. 
These phenomena he now wished to reproduce in his 
machines. 44 

When he stopped working with Steinhard, he took no new 
employment, but concentrated solely on his experiments and 
the publication of his warnings of the dangers of technological 
development He received considerable publicity in the 
1930s. The log flumes, the production of living water', and his 
tough stance on technology awoke both interest and resistance. 
There was no lack of support for those who wanted to see him 

Under very difficult circumstances he now tried to solve the 
problems of making a machine that copied the trout pheno- 
mena. He first called it the 'trout turbine', but later renamed it 
the 'implosion' machine. 

The principle of this machine was that elements such as air 
and water should be directed through the spiral shaped pipes 
of a particular material, and with specially shaped cross 
section. The introduced element should then, at a certain 
count of revolutions, be directed into a corkscrew motion, at 
which point the energy should be released. Schauberger 
presumably counted on a certain reaction at an atomic level, 
something akin to hydro-fusion experiments all over the 
world. However, instead of violendy compressing atoms in 
hydrogen gas to create helium and a release of energy, 
Schauberger wanted to 'screw' together his elements without 
resistance, in the same way as he perceived it to happen in 

It is known that he built two such machines, one of which 
was destroyed. According to hearsay, very strong energy was 



Pipes for liquids and gas. This pipe was also to be used in the 'Trout turbine'. 
Its cross section is shown in (A). (B), (C) and (D) are different designs of spiral 
pipe systems, showing the pipe to be wound around cylindrical and conical 
objects. (From Austrian patent no. 19 66 80). 

suddenly released, causing the machine to be torn away from 
its foundations, to be smashed against the ceiling. He was not 
able to control the energy (see above). 

Since he did not confide the method of the construction to 
anyone else, and from all accounts experimented alone, the 
apparatus and the details of these experiments are not known. 
The picture showing him standing beside such a machine is 
probably a variation he called the 'domestic power station', in 
which the small output of an electric motor was multiplied 
many times in a 'trout turbine', and used to drive a larger 
electric generator. The machine was constructed so that a 
conical- shaped object was set in motion within a vacuum- 
sealed container. A system of Schauberger's special pipes was 
wound around the cone-shaped object, that tapered down- 
wards. Water entered from above and could flow through the 
pipes when the cone-shaped object was rotated by a small 
motor. Due to the pipe's shape and spiral course, the water 



was 'screwed' towards the centre of the pipe (see p. 91) and 
sprayed out through oudets in the lower parts of the pipe, at a 
tremendous velocity and under great pressure. This was 
directed onto a turbine wheel, which powered the generator. 
The special feature of this apparatus was the amplification of 
the input energy, and the fact that the water, as it poured out of 
the oudets, rose to the top of the system, to be recirculated. 
Schauberger claimed that the water rose because it was so 
strongly charged with biological magnetism, negating gravity. 

Schauberger also developed an aircraft engine which would 
work on the same principles, but using air as the fuel source. It 
would suck in air and convert it to fuel while flying, and at the 
same time create a vacuum in front of itself in which it could 
move continuously without resistance. 

Did these machines really work, or were they just a fantasy? 
The evidence of the 'domestic power station' is inconclusive. 
According to Schauberger himself, some of his models 
worked, at least partially. Not even his closest associates were 
allowed to be present at the trials. Bauer concluded from his 
research that the 'domestic power station' could very possibly 
have worked. 19 

The evidence is somewhat clearer about the aircraft engines. 
By the beginning of World War II a model appears to have had 
successful trials. Aloys Kokaly tells us that at the beginning of 
the war he had started to work for Schauberger who was 
developing 'flying objects' driven by 'biotechnical' means. 
Kokaly produced certain parts for these engines in Germany 
that were hard to obtain in Austria, and took them to 
Schauberger, who was then living in Vienna. Parts also had to 
be delivered to a firm called Kerd in Vienna, working 'on 
higher authority' in association with Schauberger on this 
project When Kokaly arrived at the firm with the parts he 
encountered some hostility. When he was finally received by 
the chief of Kerd, he was told bitterly: 'This must be prepared 
for Mr Schauberger on orders from higher authority, but 
when it's finished, it's going out on the street, because on an 
earlier test of one of these strange contraptions, it went right 
through the roof of the factory. 20 

In 1945 Schauberger wrote that the working designs for an 
engine for aircraft and submarines were now finished, and 
that two different models could be built Further tests were 
carried out during World War II (see p. 93). 



Summoned to the Chancellery 

An industrial magnate, Herr Roselius from Bremen, had 
heard about Schauberger's living water' in 1934, and had 
contacted him to obtain the rights for Germany. It was 
through Roselius that Hitler came to hear of the Austrian with 
his original ideas about technology, and his strange inventions. 

Austria was not at that time annexed, and the atmosphere 
between the two governments was somewhat strained. One 
day the German embassy requested that one named Viktor 
Schauberger should present himself in order to receive a visa 
to go for an audience with Hitler. Schauberger came to meet 
Hitler who showed himself to be well informed about his 
earlier work, and requested a thorough explanation of his 
ideas and his scientific research. Schauberger had requested 
that the meeting should be just between the two of them; this 
had been agreed, but as he entered Hitler's study, who should 
be present but ministerial director Wiluhn, the senior official 
of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, with whom Schauberger had 
had a bitter argument. Schauberger was, however, allowed to 
speak without interruption for one hour. He described the 
fallacies of the technologists and what he considered to be 
misconceptions in Hitler's four-year plan. 

When he had finished, Hider asked: 'What would you put in 
place of the generators and methods we have today?' Schau- 
berger answered: 'Give me facilities and staff, and the materials 
I shall need, and in a few months you will see my methods of 
producing energy. Then you can decide for yourself which is 
the most efficient method with the best potential.' 
Hitler: 'What would be the source of fuel for your generators?' 



Schauberger: 'Water and air; they contain all the power we need.' 
Hitler now pushed a button, and the state secretary Keppler 
entered. Hitler told him: 'Give this Austrian, who has ideas 
that interest me, all he needs to prove that he is right' He then 
bade Schauberger a friendly farewell, who was shown out by 

As soon as Schauberger was out of the door, Wiluhn came 
up to him, full of indignation. He accused Schauberger of 
having ingratiated his way into Hitler's confidence, only to 
put idiotic ideas into his head. After a stormy exchange, 
Schauberger returned to his hotel. There he received another 
summons from the Chancellery, but he chose instead to 
return directly to Austria. For a long time he remained upset 
that he had had to go all the way to Berlin just to be 'abused by 
that underling Wiluhn'. 

What he and Hitler had agreed was not carried out, but 
several years later it was clear that Schauberger had not been 
forgotten in the Third Reich. 

Electricity from Water 

In 1938 Germany annexed Austria. Soon afterwards Schau- 
berger received notice from Julius Streicher that all possible 
requests should be granted him on Hitler's orders. He was to 
be given 10 million marks to plan the forest logging and 
flotation structures in Bavaria, North Austria and in Bohemia. 
Furthermore, Professor Kotschau's laboratory in Nurnberg 
was to be made available for his research. 

Schauberger sent a message to his son Walter, who had 
completed his examinations for a diploma in engineering at 
the technical college in Dresden, and asked him to come to 
Nurnberg to help with the experiments. Walter had found it 
difficult to accept all his father's theories, and had remained 
somewhat sceptical. In time, however, he became convinced 
that his father was right. 

They continued the experiments that Schauberger had 
worked on earlier with Dr Winter to try to extract electrical 
energy directly from a water flow. At first they tried with large 
jets of water at high pressure from wide outlets, but without 
results. Walter Schauberger then reversed the conditions, 
using very fine outlets and low pressure and the electrical 
phenomena started to occur, the charge being able to be 

The simple waterflow test. When the paraffin tablet is pointed towards the 
flow the electroscope gives a reading. 



amplified to 50,000 volts. Julius Streicher was very impressed 
by this and sent for a physicist from the technical college to 
explain the phenomena. He began by searching for the 
electrical leads in the apparatus; when he could not find them 
he angrily asked Walter Schauberger where he had hidden 
them. That the water itself could produce such a high charge 
was unbelievable; but when he finally accepted that there was 
no trickery, he admitted that he could not explain the 
phenomena. These experiments with water flow did not yield 
any practical results at the time. 21 

Viktor Schauberger with a model of his domestic power station (1955). 



Schauberger is Taken to a Mental Hospital 

When the war interrupted the experiments in Nurnberg, 
Schauberger returned to Austria, and at the same time his son 
was called up. Some time later he was ordered to attend a 
physical examination, as he was soon to reach pensionable 
age. However, it looked as though an engineering and archi- 
tectural association was behind this demand for a check-up. 
Without the least suspicion he presented himself at the 
appointed place, but was taken to another clinic for a 'special 
examination'. To his shock and dismay he was unexpectedly 
interviewed in a mental hospital. He understood that his 
enemies wished to render him harmless. He told himself that 
his only chance to get out was to remain calm and collected, 
and not to display the abrasive side of his nature. After a long 
wait he was examined by a young doctor who, after a short 
examination, realized that his patient was perfectly sane. He 
called his superior, Professor Fotzl, who immediately had 
Schauberger removed from the department for serious mental 
cases where he had been placed. After passing a test estab- 
lishing that he was perfecdy normal, he was brought to 
Professor Wagner- Jauregg, who further tested him and then 
released him as perfectly normal and 'highly intelligent'. 
Professor Fotzl was unable to discover who had referred 
Schauberger to his psychiatric clinic. No documents about the 
case ever came to light. 45 

At the Mauthausen Concentration Camp 

After a while Schauberger received his call-up. It was now 
1943, and even older men were being drafted. He was 



eventually appointed the commandant of a parachute company 
in Italy, 46 but after a short stay, orders came from Himmler 
that he should present himself at the S.S. college at Vienna- 
Rosenhugel. When he arrived, he was taken to the concen- 
tration camp at Mauthausen, where he was to contact the S.S. 
standartenfuhrer (standards leader) Zeireis, who told him he 
had a personal greeting from Himmler. 'We have considered 
your scientific research and think there is something in it. You 
can now either choose to take charge of a scientific team of 
technicians and physicians from among the prisoners, to 
develop machines utilizing the energy you have discovered, or 
you will be hanged.' 

Schauberger understandably chose the first (insisting that 
his helpers must no longer be regarded as prisoners) and so an 
intensive period of study began. After the S.S. college, where 
the research was taking place, was bombed, Schauberger and 
his team were transferred to Leonstein, near Linz. The project 
they initiated there was a 'flying saucer' powered by a 'trout 
turbine'. Schauberger was clear about the principle of con- 

If water or air is rotated into a twisting form of oscillation 
known as 'colloidal', a build up of energy results, which, 
with immense power, can cause levitation. This form of 
movement is able to carry with it its own means of power 
generation. This principle leads logically to its application 
in the design of the ideal airplane or submarine... requiring 
almost no motive power. 

The results of the research were surprising. It was both a 
success and a failure. Viktor Schauberger later explained this 
briefly in a letter to the West German defence minister Strauss 
on 28th February 1956: 

I preferred the first alternative, and about a year later, the 
first 'flying saucer' rose unexpectedly, at the first attempt, to 
the ceiling, and then was wrecked. A few days later an 
American group appeared, who seemed to understand 
what was happening, and seized everything. Then, after a 
very thorough investigation by a high-ranking officer, I was 
taken in protective custody, and guarded by no less than six 
policemen for about six months. An important part of the 



apparatus was found in my apartment by the Russians. 
In another context he said: 

The apparatus functioned at the first attempt... and rose 
upwards, trailing a blue-green, and then a silver coloured 

The Russians blew up Schauberger's apartment when they 
left it, presumably to prevent anyone else from discovering 
any information that they had overlooked. Several of his 
associate scientists had been Russian prisoners of war who 
subsequendy returned to the Soviet Union. When the Russians 
made their great advance in space rocketry, the story circulated 
that they had made use of Schauberger' s ideas of construction. 

It has been said that the 'flying saucer' destroyed in 
Leonstein had a diameter of 1.5 metres, weighed 135 kilos, 
and was started by an electric motor of 1/20 horsepower. It 
had a trout turbine to supply the energy for lift off. 

All those who had worked on these tests were interviewed 
like Schauberger. In 1956 he wrote: 

At the end of the war, I was confined for nearly a year by the 
American forces of occupation because of my knowledge of 
atomic energy production. After my release, under the 
threat of re-arrest, I was forbidden to take up again any 
research in the atomic energy field, although it would have 
been concerned with new aspects of this technology. 

Ater the signing of the Far East Peace Treaty, I did take up 
my work once again. Since by the end of the war I had lost all 
my assets, work proceeded slowly. I refused any foreign 
financial aids, which is the reason for the delay of the 
working models, but once the patents were granted, this 
matter was resolved. 

After his release Viktor Schauberger moved to Linz, where 
his research was constantly hampered by lack of resources. He 
used to say 'with a penknife and a few pennies in the pocket, 
one cannot accomplish much'. 

The 'Schriever-Habermohl' flying disc developed between 1943 and 1945. 
In 1944, climbing vertically, it reached a height of 12 km in 3.12 minutes and 
a horizontal flying speed of 2000 km/h. 

The first test-model developed between 1941 and 1942. This had the same 
flight properties as that in fig. (a), but something was wrong with the 

The 'Ballenzo-Schriever-Miethe Disc'. The retractable undercarriage legs 
terminated in inflatable rubber cushions. It carried a crew of three. 

Schauberger's models of 'flying saucers'. 



Contemporary Technology's Destruction of Agriculture 

After World War II Schauberger concentrated a lot on 
agricultural problems. Despite his meagre resources he 
thought it possible to make a contribution in this area. The 
contemporary destruction of forests and water must ultimately 
be harmful to man, he realized, particularly in the way it 
prevents the building up of natural nutrition, a vital process to 
soil fertility. 

The farmers work hand in hand with our foresters. The 
blood of the earth continuously weakens, and the product- 
ivity of the soil decreases. There is fortunately an awareness 
of the necessity of fertilizing, but now the chemist enters the 
scene and scatters his salts. 

After only a few years there is evidence that soil treated 
with artificial fertilizer is seen reduced to dross. It is another 
example of man working against Nature and happily 
obstructing the last remaining source of nutrition, the 
capillary system of the soil. The field which had previously 
given the farmer an abundance of produce had begun to 
deteriorate. He instinctively sought the solution by using 
his deep plough, thus destroying the system of capillaries in 
the soil. Now the same thing is happening in our forests. 
Externally everything seems to ripen and thrive, but it is 
only a facade. The ripening has emerged from putrid 
ground; the fruits of decay are cancer. 

The strength of the corn is weakened, the meadows are 
covered in moss, the fields are bare of produce - only work 
and its cost increase. The end is the loss of the clod of earth, 
the loss of the homestead. 



Schauberger knew what he was talking about He had lived 
his whole life amongst farmers on the Alpine slopes and in the 
valleys in Steiermark and Salzburg. He had seen the conditions 
of their fields and harvests when the prime forests still existed, 
and the watercourses remained undisturbed. He had later 
seen what happened after the onset of forest clearance and the 
consequent degradation of water. He had carefully studied the 
old farmers' traditional methods and the results they achieved, 
and then compared these with the new, so-called rational 
methods of agriculture that had since spread. The comparison 
did not flatter the modern methods. 

For Schauberger the growth process revolves around a 
sequence of the charging and discharging of energy. Growth 
he saw as a balancing of the charges, where, amongst other 
things, the difference of electrical voltage between the atmos- 
phere and the earth was of fundamental importance. If the 
charge is to be utilized, however, there must be some form of 
insulation between the two voltage polarities, or else there is 
only a wasteful short circuit. 22 Schauberger talks a lot about 
this insulation, this 'skin' that the earth must have around 
itself. He described its form, how it is being diminished, and 
how it can be built up again. One golden rule is that the soil 
must not be stripped bare; it must always have a covering of 
vegetation or something else. 23 

The quality of water is also crucially important for the 
growth process. If the forest the source of good water, is 
ruined, and the watercourses become dirty relics, then the 
water can no longer build up the important ground voltage. 
This encourages the formation of pathogens, disease pro- 
ducing parasitic bacteria that lower the quality of the produce 
that can still be grown. 

Old Farming Traditions Were Friendly to Life 

Schauberger often reminded himself of traditional methods 
used by the old farmers to increase their harvests. For 
example, at certain times they would add finely-chopped 
coniferous branches to the soil, adding valuable trace elements 
without realizing it 

The supposedly simple farmers, who include the high 
forest farmers of Muhlviertel [a region in the Bavarian 



forests] grew, for about forty years, the best potatoes and the 
heaviest oats. If you asked a farmer how this was achieved he 
would, with an artful smile, prompdy reply that you must 
always remain true to the very ancient beliefs of the land and 
avoid any kind of instruction, if you want to be fortunate in 

Schauberger liked to mix with the old farmers, and they 
with him. In an essay, Natural Farming, he tells us in detail of a 
visit he made to such an old farmer, whom the whole 
community considered eccentric, even though none of his 
neighbours could boast such good harvests. 

This farmer ploughed in a different way. He also harrowed 
differendy and sowed at times other than those of other 
farmers. His method of treating crops was also different. In 
short, he carried out each and every farm process in a 
unique way. He never went to church; this he would have 
taken particularly amiss. He was never seen drinking beer 
with others. Nobody asked him for advice and he never 
tolerated any argument from his employees. Those who did 
not immediately obey him could immediately pack up their 
goods and chattels and go. Despite this attitude it was 
seldom that he lost an employee. It was only with his grown 
son, who attended an agricultural college, and who always 
thought he knew better, that there was any tension. 

So it happened one day, as darkness was setting in, I came 
to the farmer's house. I wanted to have a short chat with 
him. In the courtyard I met the somewhat unsympathetic 
son and enquired after his father. 'He is in the back of the 
house - the old one', he answered with an unfriendly 
gesture. 'Shout loud enough and he will come'. I went 
where he pointed, across the threshing floor, and eventually 
found the old farmer. He was standing in front of a wooden 
barrel as large as three or four buckets, singing a quaint 
song. At the same time, he was stirring the contents of the 
barrel with a large wooden spoon. It was not really a song he 
was singing, but rather a musical scale rich in tone, ranging 
from falsetto to double bass. This he did as he bent over the 
barrel, singing loudly down into it As he went up the scale, 
so he rotated the spoon in an anti-clockwise motion. When 
his voice deepened, so he changed the direction of the 



rotation of the spoon. I thought to myself that there must 
be a reason for all this. The farmer did not hear me coming, 
and after I had watched him for a considerable time, I was 
curious as to what he was stirring. Unnoticed, I came up to 
the barrel and glanced inside; there was nothing there 
except clear water. Eventually the old man noticed me, 
nodded in reply to my greeting and continued to stir 
without pause. 

My glance alternated between the farmer and the contents 
of the barrel. With a flick of his hand, he would throw bits of 
loamy soil into the barrel as he continued to stir the liquid 
first to the right and then to the left At the same time he 
sang quite loudly and not altogether pleasantly into the 
open container. 

'Well', I thought, 'Nothing lasts forever'. At last the old 
man took the giant spoon - it really could be described as a 
small oar - out of the barrel and muttered, 'So, it's ready for 

I nodded as if to indicate that everything was perfectly 
clear to me. I nodded again, when the farmer asked me 
whether I had a thirst and would like a grog of fresh apple 
juice. So, after the old man had carefully wiped his wet 
hands on his apron, we went into the house. While he 
fetched the cool apple juice from the cellar, I walked into 
the best room. 'Now let it taste good'. With these words he 
slid the blue-flowered tankard of juice across to me, inviting 
me to join him. 

'Now do you think, as others do, that I am mad?' asked 
the farmer. 'You know what you want', I replied. In the 
course of our conversation I gradually referred to the series 
of actions he had just performed and I had noted. Clay 
mixed in cool water with air-evacuated carbonic acid, which 

The heart of a cockchafer, a rhythmical sequence of chambers (after 



is then stirred in the right way, will take on a neutral voltage 
(similar to the effect of well-kneaded loam wrapped in 
aluminum sheeting). 

This neutrally charged water was then sprinkled over 
newly harrowed and sown fields. The harrow had wooden 
and not iron teeth. The water eventually evaporated leaving 
exceedingly fine crystals which carried a negative charge. 
These crystals attracted rays from all directions and then 
gave them out again. 24 

Between the geosphere and the atmosphere, a fine mem- 
brane, violet in colour, builds up. This skin, acting like a 
filter, allows rays of the highest value to enter and leave the 
earth. The down-to-earth farmer called this filter 'the virgin 


hymen' Such a valuable diffusion effect could be obtained, 
that during the driest part of the year, the soil remained cool 
and moist. By this means, the seed zone between the geo- 
sphere and the atmosphere remains at a practically constant 
temperature of +4°C. At this temperature the crop structure 
is at its highest potential, while at the same time fructification 
is relatively passive. 25 As a result of this simple caring for the 
surface breathing of the earth, an increase in crops of some 
30% was obtained compared with where it was not carried 
out In the old days this natural breathing action was called 
'clay singing'. 

Another old tradition was to plough furrows at right angles 
to the path of the sun- so-called 'sun ploughing'. 26 Schauberger 
considered that the modern farmer did not care enough about 
traditions. For him, time is money - he ploughs the largest 
area in the shortest time. The old-time farmer thought 
differendy. He was closer to Nature, and relative time and 
method had for him always been constructive conceptions; he 
continued to trust, even in secret if necessary, in the old ways. 

The special lay-out of the old granary and the special 
shovelling action used for the grain, first in one direction and 
then in another with a wooden shovel of defined dimensions 
as practiced by the old farmer had a deep significance. 

Schauberger discovered that there was a factual basis for 
much of what the old farmer said. For example, it was shown 
that fields used for cattle grazing, that had the grass cut by 



hand scythes, were much more fertile and rich in different 
grass species and especially health-giving herbs, than when 
the cutting had been done with machines. Furthermore, it was 
shown to be especially beneficial to cut grass with hand scythes 
sharpened by hammering, instead of being ground in the 
normal way. The old farmers of Estonia used this method of 
sharpening. Schauberger thought that if the hammering were 
done against the support of hardwood timber, instead of, for 
example, iron, the mechanical charges generated by the 
hammering formed an energy within the scythe that was 
released during harvesting, giving the roots and plants energy 
for growth. It was important not to allow the hammered scythe 
to lie out in the sun, otherwise the charge would dissipate and 
it would go 'flat'. 

The positive influence on growth occurring during cattle 
grazing, or with the use of me hand scythe, was due to the fact 
that the plants were torn or cut off in a way that closed the cut 
surface of the remaining stalk. A cutting machine, however, 
damaged the stalk so that the cut remained open for a long 
time, and it was through this open wound that the growth 
energy escaped uselessly into the atmosphere. The same 
theme lay behind the old forester's opinion, with which 
Schauberger agreed - that it was better for a forest if the trees 
were felled with an axe rather than a saw. The latter left the 
stumps exposed and damaged. 

Iron or Copper Equipment in Farming 

In the 1930 s Schauberger was invited by King Boris of Bulgaria 
to examine the reasons for the great decline in that country's 
farming production. During his trip through the countryside 
he noticed that in the areas populated by the Turks, the 
harvests were more plentiful than elsewhere. It was here that 
the old wooden plough was still used. The rest of the country 
had replaced these with modern iron ploughs imported from 
Germany as part of a general modernizing of Bulgarian 
agriculture. The first steam ploughs had also been introduced. 
Schauberger drew the logical conclusion that the reduced 
cropping was a consequence of the introduction of iron 
ploughs, but it was not until later that he developed his theory 
of the detrimental effect of iron machinery on agriculture. His 
work with water jets gave him a new perspective on the 



problem (see p. 89). It was shown that if a small amount of rust 
was added to the water in these experiments, no charge 
developed; the water became 'empty. He abstracted this 
finding to the use of iron ploughs and thought their effect on 
harvest yields must relate to this. When the iron plough moves 
through the soil, it becomes warm, and the disturbed soil is 
covered with a fine dust of iron particles that quickly rust. He 
had previously noticed that iron-rich ground was dry, and that 
the turbines in power stations 'discharged' water. 

The conclusion of all these observations was that iron had a 
detrimental effect on the water characteristics within the soil; it 
expelled the water and 'drained' it of its power. When the 
steam plough, and later the tractor plough, were introduced, 
the situation worsened as a result of the increased speed with 
which the blades moved through the soil. Walter Schauberger 
has said that water disappears from fields that have been 
ploughed in this way, for straightforward physical reasons; the 
iron plough's rapid passage through the soil cuts through the 
fields magnetic lines of energy, causing an electrical current to 
occur in the same way that a coil in an electric generator rotates 
in a magnetic field. This, in turn, leads to an electrolysis in the 
soil which separates the water into oxygen and hydrogen. The 
electrolysis also damages the microscopic life in the soil and 
this leads to an even higher temperature occurring in addition 
to the iron blades' friction with the soil. It is especially with 
iron that these phenomena occur. With ploughs of wood, 
copper and other so-called 'biologically magnetic' materials, 
the soil's magnetic field is not disturbed. 

The conclusion that Schauberger drew from these obser- 
vations, was that another material than iron should be used for 
farming equipment. His attention focused on copper. Copper- 
rich soils retained their ground moisture well, and so he began 
to experiment with copper ploughs as well as other equipment 
made from copper. To begin with he merely covered an iron 
plough's cutting surface with copper sheeting and made tests 
with this. The tests took place under controlled conditions, 
dividing the field up into segments, some of which were 
ploughed with the prevailing iron machinery and some with 
the adapted copper machinery. The results proved very 
favourable to the copper, which showed a 17-35 per cent 
increase in harvest. A large firm, Farmleiten - Gut Heuberg, 
near Salzburg, showed an increase of 50 per cent On a hill 



farm outside Kitzbuhl tests showed an increase in the potato 
crop of 12.5 times the quantity sown. Throughout there was 
an increase in quantity, but also a marked increase in quality. 
The baking potential of corn was increased, and potatoes 
were not attacked by the Colorado beetle, though neighbour- 
ing potato fields ploughed in the more usual way were still 
attacked, and the nitrogen requirements of the soil were 
reduced. During 1951-52 controlled tests with the copper 
plough were made by the Farming Chemical Test Station in 
Linz. The tests concerned the cultivation of oats, wheat, kohl- 
rabbi and onions. Certain sections were worked only with iron 
machinery, others with iron machinery and added copper 
sulphate, and a third area with only copper machinery. In 
certain tests the copper sulphate was exchanged with pure 
copper dust. A significant increase was observed in these tests 
also. 27 

Rumours of these successes spread to farmers around 
Salzburg where many of the tests had taken place, and they 
started to call the copper-wonder 'the golden plough'. It was 
manufactured in large quantities but soon considerable 
opposition arose from an unexpected quarter. 

In 1948 Viktor Schauberger had signed a contract with a 
company in Salzburg for the production of a large number of 
ploughs. Then suddenly one day he was visited by a high 
official from Salzburg's treasury office. The latter arrived in an 
elegant car, and the following ensued: the treasury director: 
'There has been a rumour that the Salzburg town corporation 
has carried out successful tests with your ploughs, and, 
naturally, this is of interest But now I must ask you face to face 
- what is is worth to me, if I support you?' 

Schauberger said: T don't understand what you mean. You 
are from the treasury, you have nothing to do with support I 
have paid my fees for the test and everything is complete.' 

The Treasury director went on: T must make myself clear. 
The fact is, I have an agreement with the nitrogen industry 
whereby if I can stimulate the farmers to use more nitrogen 
than usual I receive a royalty for each sack being sold. If now 
the farmers were to change to the copper plough the demand 
would permanently diminish, and thus I need royalties from 
your ploughs as compensation. Can't we come to an under- 
standing as old friends and make a good deal for us both?' 
Schauberger replied furiously: 'I have only one thing to say 



to you - you are a greedy rascal - a thing I should have 
understood at once - when as a representative of the people 
you drive around in a luxury car.' 

It was after this exchange that there was a surprise termi- 
nation of the contract from the company that was to have 
provided the ploughs. Representatives from the local agri- 
cultural society also started to warn farmers against using the 
copper plough as it could cause over-production which would 
give lower prices. Thereby their production and use were 
totally halted. In 1950, Schauberger, together with engineer 
Rosenberger, however, obtained a patent on a method of 
coating the active surfaces of farm machinery with copper. 28 

The Spiral Plough 

Schauberger also wondered if the conventional plough even 
functioned biologically correctly. Here, also, his ideas on the 

The spiral plough should duplicate the work of the mole. The dashed line 
with an arrow shows the movement of soil through the plough. 



importance of natural motion were relevant. It occurred to 
him that soil should be directed into a centripetal motion 
when ploughed, and mis led him to develop the 'spiral 
plough', though this never passed the model stage. Its 
principle of turning the soil was much the same as that used by 
the burrowing mole. Because of the shape of the cutting and 
turning blades, the plough should work the soil with almost no 
resistance, rendering it free from the pressure and friction and 
consequent heating that accompany use of the normal plough. 
The spiral plough was not meant to be used for deep 
ploughing, but only for the treatment of the surface soil. 
Schauberger was against deep ploughing and sided with the 
biologically and ecologically-influenced farming community, 
which thought deep ploughing only disturbed the micro- 
organisms' important work and upset the natural levelling of 
the mouldy top soil. 23 

The Repulsator and 'Noble' Compost 

To Schauberger, as we have seen, the growth process was 
above all a question of energy. He understood growth as a 
balancing process between geospheric energy and atmospheric 
energy. He saw the plant as the end product of energies 
meeting each other above the insulation layer at surface level. 
Thus all his attempts to encourage growth were devoted to 
increasing the soil's energy, and to encouraging the build-up 
and preservation of the insulation 'skin'. He rejected all 
activity that removed energy from the ground and damaged 
the insulation. Consequently he was, for example, a vigorous 
opponent of Thomas-phosphate, 51 a product of the blast 
furnace which drains the soil of strength. When it is introduced 
to the soil it tried to compensate for this by attracting new energy. 
One way to build up the ground energy is by adding stable 
manure, compost, micro-nutritional elements, and catalysts 
to the soil, which should in turn be well covered and protected 
from the direct rays of the sun. Also, iron tools are to be 
avoided. It is of course important that the whole landscape is 
healthy, with forests and water living natural lives, as it is from 
these sources that the ground energy originates. Schauberger 
stressed, on the other hand, that the ground's energy could be 
increased by using 'biological' machinery. The 'repulsator', 
for example, could be used to produce specially charged 



water. This special 'power water' was to be spread over fields at 
a maximum temperature of +7°C. Alternatively, the thick 
insulation consisting of some hydrocarbon material built up 
around the respulsator could be turned into the ground to be 
treated. When functioning, the machine produced a 'bio- 
radiation', raying out horizontally into the ground, thus 
assisting in building up the 'ground charge'. With this and 
other apparatus, Schauberger thought it might be possible to 
transform deserts into fertile regions within a short time. 

He distrusted the ability of prevailing science to deal with 
the earth's fertility - a malaise that this science has helped 
to create: 

In any case, it is astonishing to note how modern science 
acts in opposition to that which is presented to man in un- 
spoiled nature. It tends, in fact, to oppose Nature as it was 
before man violated it. It is hardly surprising that food 
production is at best only barely sufficient for immediate 
needs; there should be great surpluses. Today's science 
thinks so primitively; one could say an octave too low. It 
concerns itself with materialistic rather than with energy- 
producing fields. For this reason, it must shoulder most of 
the blame for the conditions prevailing today. Probably, 
this path of development was necessary, otherwise how 
would confused man recognise the true interrelationship 
between man and Nature? It is now vital to demonstrate 
with practical examples how it is possible to create a close- 
to-Nature land culture before the whole of mankind is 
totally stripped of human feeling. 

Viktor Schauberger gives much practical advice in his 
writings on what he calls 'close-to-Nature farming'. He 
describes a home-made repulsator that anyone can make; you 
take a vessel of wood, unbaked clay or glass, and it should be 
preferably egg-shaped, (nails or nail bands must not be 
incorporated in the wooden vessel). The vessel should be 
about two metres high, and should be buried in a shady place, 
so that the opening at the top is level with the ground, and the 
egg shape tapers downwards. Water of the best quality is 
poured in, and a few handfuls of powdered animal horn (or 
other organic materials such as bone, feather dust, hen 
droppings or cow manure, etc.) is added, and finally some 



copper and zinc particles that have previously been hammered 
against, for example, a piece of oak. The solution is then 
stirred with a wooden ladle impregnated with thin copper and 
silver plates (N.B. no iron nails!), first slowly from the left, 
inwards from the edge, so a swirl is created, and then this is 
repeated from the right. Then a tightly fitting wooden lid (no 
iron nails!) covers the vessel, but this has a small hole of 1 cm 
diameter, which is covered with a piece of linen. The vessel 
should be left for two to three weeks, and will then radiate a 
horizontal energy into the surrounding ground. After this 
time the water is used for irrigation, supplying a powerful 
energy to the plants. The vessel can even be filled with a liquid 
manure solution, in which case the vessel must taper upwards, 
and the solution be left for six weeks before application. 29 

The egg shape, which Schauberger thought to be an 
especially valuable and developed form has a special function. 
The shape will encourage the liquid to move in a cycloid spiral 
motion, initiated and maintained by changes in temperature. 

Schauberger gives us the recipe for one of his 'noble' 
composts, which he considered especially rich: 

At the base of a tree, preferably a fruit tree, which has a wide 
crown and deep roots, a pit in the form of a half circle is dug 
on the shady side and where no damage to the roots can 
occur. The tree trunk is protected with paper, bark etc. from 
direct contact with the rotting earth, which is caused by the 
inevitable incidence of light impinging on this earth. Then a 
two span layer (40-50cm) of freshly sown grass with clippings 
of all kinds, such as potato and fruit peelings in as fresh and 
air-dry condition as possible is mixed with a variety of fruit 
stalks ... 

This well mixed heap is then provided with ologodynamic 
(breakdown excitation) and catalystic (build-up excitation) 
copper and zinc dust The best results can be obtained by 
filing pieces of zinc and copper and allowing the dust(only a 
very small amount is required) to spread widely on the 
ground as trace elements ... 

Some salt and a limited amount of cane sugar are added, 
after which the whole mixture is placed in the pit and a layer 
of earth placed on top and made waterproof to prevent rain 
water from seeping in ... 

This heap of compost is then left for a time until a further 

'Noble' Compost Heap 



amount of fresh waste (clippings etc.) again mixed with 
fresh grass, is added. After this, trample the heap and cover 
it with a 10cm layer of earth mixed with silica sand (prefer- 
ably fine river bed sand). Then cover the whole layer against 
the rain (with straw, hay etc). Layer upon layer can be added 
reducing the radius so that the finished heap is egg-shaped. 
On the top, a layer of fallen leaves, lighdy placed, forms an 
air lock and the entire heap is padded down smoothly with 
the broad side of a shovel, so that the rain drops falling from 
the trees will only dampen but not penetrate the surface of 
the heap. Under these conditions, the all-important surface 
tension can build up. 

Schauberger then describes what happens in the heap: it 
attracts the soil's micro-organisms which flourish there 
throughout the summer. Then the worms die and in later 
winter they decay and change into high-grade molecular fats 
or the soil's oils. When it becomes +4°C the heap flowers, and 
after two or three weeks it is ready, (if it was laid down the 
previous early summer). The compost soil has now completely 
changed with base elements and energy concentrations from 
earlier lifeforms. It can be spread over the ground with a spade 
of copper, bronze, wood or galvanised metal. Only a thin 
layer, about 1/2 cm, needs to be used, and this should immedi- 
ately be mixed into the soil with tools that also must not be 
made of iron. Then the soil is ready for sowing. 

No vermin shows itself on this earth. Hardly a weed is to be 
seen. The 30 per cent increase in harvest yield and the 
significantly higher quality of the produce is maintained 
and will continue to be maintained so long as this particular 
compost is applied. 

Schauberger, as previously mentioned, condemned all 
artificial fertilizing, but especially that which has been subject 
to fire, or warmth of any kind. It then becomes, he says, to 
greater or lesser extent, of one polarity, and therefore attracts 
only the nutritive 'mother elements' in the soil. Although this 
may increase the harvest in amount, the soil is damaged 
through the disruption of its life processes, and, consequendy, 
products from such soil will be harmful in the long run to the 
human body, and are a constant drain on the physical and 



spiritual energies of the person eating them. 

A free people can only arise from a free earth. A people who 
violate Mother Earth have no right to own a home... Man is 
what he eats and he remains an animal so long as the build- 
up of products of quality is stifled. So a cycle is completed: 
infected water cannot produce healthy food. Infested water 
and poisoned nutrients cannot produce healthy blood. One 
is only superficially aware that the spiritual functions have 
not developed and that the decreasing quality of grain 
production has an effect on future generations. The farmer 
of today treats Mother Earth in a worse manner than a 
whore. Moreover, he pravs to a god, whom he believes is up 
above but in reality is under his feet The modern farmer 
violates the earth, which reacts by opposing her sungod. He 
strips yearly the skin of the earth and applies poison as 
artificial manure and then wonders why this wretched 
process demands more work and yet yields less and less 
each year. 

The old farmer was, for the clod of earth, both its priest 
and doctor. The modern farmer, on the other hand, is 
personally and collectively harassed politically and is con- 
cerned about government subsidies. He believes that he 
can, to a massive extent, defy Nature. 

The modern doctor is similarly quite helpless in combat- 
ting the increasing spread of cancer. He is unable to 
stimulate the internal strength of the body, which has been 
weakened through digesting foodstuffs produced by artifi- 
cial fertilisers. In certain glands, symptoms of putrefaction 
can be detected. 

In the same way, the modern impatient farmer driving 
his wretched machine in the fields, is required to put in 
more work with a corresponding reduction in the rate of 
yield, which is governed internally by the earth (not by what 
is added). 

The whole decline of agriculture, our most important 
source of nutrition, could, according to Schauberger, be 
halted if we were humbly to recognise Nature's order, and 
copy its methods. We must acknowledge that growth does not 
depend on chemical and mechanical imputs, but on the 
balance of energy relationships of soil and water. 



Death Technology and the False Culture 

With increasing bitterness, Schauberger realized that his 
attempts to alert 'the establishment' to the breakdown of the 
ecological order were achieving little result Nor had he had 
any success in his attempts to get scientists to stop their 
technology of mass suicide. His only hope was that one day 
human beings generally would wake up and force a change. 

The longing for Nature, strong, silent and healthy, is the 
vital phenomenon of our time, and is the counterbalance to 
an inorganic civilisation, which we mistakenly describe as 
culture. The present civilisation is the work of man, who has 
built up in his own autocratic way a superficial world which 
threatens to destroy him. He should be master of the world, 
but due to his behaviour and activities, he has destroyed 
Nature's unity and order. There is a growing conviction, as 
we stand confronted by our own creations, that they will 
destroy us; we cannot see what direction to take towards a 
better life, as each step seems to lead inexorably towards a 
worse one. The only way left is to return to Nature. Man is 
created from Nature, and is therefore dependent on Nature's 
laws. Man has created his own pseudo-culture in which, as 
time has passed, Nature's influence has become meaning- 
less and irrelevant, because of the enormous power of the 
technical resources in man's power, and which threaten to 
usurp the natural forces. This technical monster has already 
harmed Nature's vital processes. Man is only a minute 
grain, a micro-organism, in the totality of Nature, who 
through his own endeavours has upset the balance of life in 



a remarkably short space of time, and threatens the demise 
of the higher quality life on this planet 

The power behind this is our intellect and the senseless 
progress of technology and lawless culture it has created, 
which has brought about the interruption of the natural 
flow of water in the earth. All that has been created by the 
mechanistic civilisation will finally collapse as the tempo of 
change increases. It will not be just a temporary crisis, but 
will lead to a permanent break-up of culture built like a 
tower on sand. Unfortunately what was true in the culture 
will also be swept away. 

Biological and Spiritual Breakdown or a New Revolution 

Schauberger's hopes lay with the young. In the midst of his 
despair he thought he could discern some indication that the 
youth might refuse to support technological development 

When one sees the youth today refusing to take the broad 
road to destruction, there is hope for mankind. But this is 
not enough. Young people will only start acting when the 
cause of our present chaos has been uncovered. This will 
not solve our problems, as the co-called experts will do all 
they can to protect their way of life and their position in 
society. However, even this conservatism could be over- 
come if it were possible to localise the problems, so that one 
could be disentangled from another and tackled separately. 
There is very strong evidence that misunderstandings of 
our environment originating centuries ago have contributed 
to the spread of illness today. This has further been 
compounded by incorrect methods of treatment which 
have led to serious cultural, technical and economic failures. 
No area of public life can escape, which means that almost 
every 'expert' in all walks of life will feel threatened. So no 
co-operation for sensible change can be expected from any 
experts. Their opposition will, in fact demonstrate our 

Now the time has come for every single person to ponder on 
the world's situation. It is enough for everyone to start 
thinking about the state of our water. 


Everyone who is unfortunate enough not to be able to get a 
fresh cool drink from a natural spring should consider 
where his water comes from, how it is transported and 
through what artificial means it is made drinkable. 

Those who year after year are forced to drink only 
sterilized water should, for once, consider what effect such 
chemically adulterated water has on their organisms. Water 
which has been sterilized and adulterated leads inevitably 
to bodily decline. It also causes spiritual debilitation and a 
systematic degeneration of the very foundations of man- 

Many people comfort themselves by saying 'It isn't that 
bad'. Soon technology and science will solve the problems. 
Such reasoning is, however, symptomatic of how far the 
decline has already reached. 

The reason why man's cultural and economic decline is 
punctuated by transitory crises is due to his spiritual decay, 
which inevitably follows each stage of bodily decline. 
Civilized man, despite his supposedly high technical culture, 
has reached such depravity, that he is no longer able to 
recognise this physical and moral decline as being in fact a 
continuous and progressive cultural decline. 

Those who can see the mistakes of the past must not be 
seduced by the comforts of the present materialistic life; the 
only way to find the solution to our problems is to expose, 
for all our worth, the attitudes which have been responsible 
for our present predicament 

The best way is to shout from the rooftops when we hear 
the wrong counsel being given. All members of society, the 
poor and the rich, the high and the low, must be made 
aware of doubtful claims and misrepresentations, which are 
becoming more and more evident A new attitude about 
what is important in our society should then begin to 
pervade the majority of people, so that the will of the people 
will enforce a change which can never be reversed. 

Those who, because of their jobs, are forced to earn their 
bread in the large towns, should realise that as bread and 
also water become ever scarcer, they also become more 
cosdy and of a lower quality. While it may be unpopular to 
warn of impending danger, the attempt should be made, 



whether it is a case of not knowing or not wishing to know. 

Schauberger saw the catastrophe approaching - complete 
chaos as the result of the break-up of the existing technological 
and social structures. But after this he glimpsed a new age, 
where man has finally learned to understand the need to live in 
relationship with Nature, and so, 

some comfort can be derived from today's unacceptable 
activities. The time will come when man will think back and 
say to himself, 'They were idiots; they seriously believed 
they could force upon the world a false technique, to create 
a culture.' 

Schauberger is clear about the path to be taken by these 
future generations: 

Mankind in the future will be in complete control of the 
material of the world and will be able to guide its progress 
towards better quality. He will become the supreme servant 
and at the same time the lord of Nature. Marvellous 
harvests will provide him with food of the highest quality 
and also he will enjoy absolute freedom of movement over 
land, water and air ... 

Consequently, life's batde, class war, the fight for exist- 
ence and, above all, every war for food and raw materials, 
will cease. There will also be fundamental changes in 
medical curative methods. What Paracelsus anticipated will 
become a reality: a certain element will be discovered which 
will nip the germ of every illness in the bud. Man will 
become a stranger to illness and thus will be happy with life. 
There will be ample space for everyone who takes part in the 
whole process of development in the use of raw materials. 

Everything emerged from the water. Water, therefore, is 
the raw material of every culture or the basis of every bodily 
and spiritual development The discovery of the secrets of 
water makes nonsense of every kind of speculation leading 
to war, hate, envy, intolerance and discord. It would mean 
the end of monopoly, the end of all forms of domination 
and the recognition of individualism in its most complete 

By way of naturally occurring oxidation (cold com- 


bustion), machine power can be generated, and substances 
produced in great variety, which in turn can stimulate 
growth, merely from the air and from water. 

It is clear how man can become the master as well as the 
servant of all creation. Yet this possibility is held on a knife 
edge, and one mistake could plunge him into the abyss. The 
man who understands creative transformation is like a 
god. The one who manipulates this for his own ends is a 
servant of the devil, who can destroy the whole world. 



Experiments at the Technical College in Stuttgart 

In 1952 the federal university concerned with the management 
of water resources asked Professor Franz Popel of the college 
to undertake certain experiments to test Viktor Schauberger's 
theories about water. When Walter and Viktor Schauberger 
came to participate in the experiments, Professor Popel was 
unwilling to go through with them. He told minister Kumpf 
that Schauberger's reasoning went against the laws of mech- 
anics, and that he considered the tests could not provide any 
technically useful results. Kumpf agreed with Professor Popel, 
but he still wanted the experiments carried out, so that 
Schauberger's fantasies would finally be discredited. 

The experiments got under way, and it was the character- 
istics of water motion that were first studied. Schauberger 
started by asking Popel if he had ever wondered what 
happened to water when it left the bath tub. The formation of a 
funnel shaped spiral could be seen as it drained out - but what 
happened after that? A faint glimmer of interest appeared in 
Popel's eyes, and they constructed a test model with which it 
was hoped to investigate straight and spiral pipes in order to 

1) Can water that flows through a pipe be encouraged into 
'a manifold inward flowing motion?' 

2) Does the shape of the pipe have any bearing on the 
development of such a motion? 

3) Does the material of the pipe have a bearing on the 

4) Do molecular structural changes occur in the water 
during such inward flowing motion? 



5) Can such an inward flowing motion be used to prevent 
pipes from crusting up? 

The test model that was built for this experiment consisted 
of a large container shaped like half an egg. To its bottom was 
attached a glass pipe several metres long. Into the vessel was 
placed a hose wound in a spiral, the inside of which was 
perforated with holes, so that the water flowing out through 
them created a strong swishing motion within the container. If 
the water was coloured it could be easily seen that the swirl 
continued down through the glass pipe, and that the intensity 
of the colour increased towards the centre of the axis of flow. 
Professor Popel now began to be seriously interested, and 
lowered a number of small triangles hung on strings, so that a 
long prism was formed to enable more exact studies to be 
made. It was observed that this prism revolved in the same way 
as the spiral. 

Next they wanted to find out how substances that were not 
water-absorbing would behave in this swirl. A measure of sand 
and fine iron filings were, therefore, poured into the vessel 

To their great surprise, Popel and his assistants found that 
these additives were not forced out against the wall of the pipe, 
but were instead wound together within the axis of the spiral 
motion and there they seemed to coagulate into egg-shaped 
forms. These they gathered in a container at the oudet. If one 
of these 'eggs' was broken apart, there was no moisture to be 
found within it 

A special control regulated the water flow and with the right 
'tuning' a motionless wave of egg- shaped curves formed inside 
the pipe, and like a string of pearls could move up and down, 
according to the pitch of tuning. 30 It was observed that a triple 
motion occurred in the pipe. There was a spiral motion within 
a spiral motion and a motion up and down in long profile. 
There was also a strange light phenomenon around the pipe. 

When the tests were completed, Popel was no longer 
negative, and enthusiastically wished to continue. He said that 
now he understood that new factors must apply when a spiral 
pipe is used. But he was still taken aback at the pipe which 
Viktor Schauberger then introduced - it was based on the 
shape of the Kudu antelope's horn. At first he thought it mad 
to use an 'outlandish shape', but later he agreed. 



The spiral above is a copy from the horn of a Kudu antelope which was used 
in experiments at the Technical College in Stuttgart. 

They now made flow tests with a straight test pipe of glass, a 
straight copper pipe, and finally a strange spiral pipe (which 
fairly well represented Schauberger's ideas about the cycloid 
spiral space curve). 

The results starded Popel and his associates. The glass pipe 
which had completely smooth walls caused greater resistance 
to water than the copper pipe, and it seemed as if the material 
really influenced the friction. The spiral pipe provided the 
biggest surprise: with a relatively high rate of flow the 
resistance dropped towards zero, and then suddenly became a 
negative value. When the rate of flow was increased there were 
certain resonance points when friction was at a minimum. In a 



straight pipe the resistance increased towards a point when it 
reached a 'wall' where resistance became greater than the 
energy required in creating the flow. 

The glass pipe was shown to have a greater resistance to the 
water flow than the copper pipe, and the precise measurements 
had indicated a tendency to wave building in straight pipes. 
The water apparendy tried to break into wave formation and 
winding meanders, although it constantly met up with the 
sides of the pipe, which were not 'in step' with its own natural 
flow. In the spiral pipe, however, the water could move as it 
wanted, and so resistance was reduced. Professor Popel wrote 
this about the special pipe: 'It seems that in this pipe the pillar 
of water releases itself from the pipe walls and, freely swinging, 
rushes forth through the pipe.' 31 

Thus, Viktor Schauberger's theories of water motion had 
been confirmed even in a laboratory where the natural 
conditions for natural motion could only be roughly dupli- 

0.1 0.2 0J 0.4 lim-s per see, 

20 m 40 SG 60 70 80 90 an per sec 

Graph of the tests in Stuttgart The upper curve shows friction in a straight 
glass pipe; the middle curve, in a straight copper pipe; and the bottom 
curve, the spiral-wound copper pipe. The solid lines show measured values, 
and the broken lines the estimated values. 



Fantasy or Reality? 

In 1956 the Austrian author and occultist Leopold Brandstatter 
wrote the book Implosion instead of Explosion. The author 
wanted, through this book, to publicize the name of Viktor 
Schauberger to a wider public, and to generate opinion 
against the increasing nuclear danger. The book attempted to 
show that there was already an alternative, which did not 
threaten life, to the so-called 'peaceful' power. With the best 
intentions, Brandstatter's speculative approach clearly coloured 
the content of his book. He had reworked his long interviews 
with Viktor Schauberger to fit his understanding of the 
meaning of Schauberger's discoveries. The result was a 
mixture of facts and fantasy. The critical eye was put off by the 
occult language and the fantastic descriptions of implosion 
power. The less critical believed that a huge technological 
revolution had already begun. In Germany, especially, there 
was great interest in Schauberger and implosion research. 
Some periodicals took an ideal stance, and, critical of the 
contemporary situation, suggested grandiose plans should be 
made to form an international Viktor Schauberger movement 
Some writers implied that Schauberger's implosion machine 
was ready for mass production. As soon as enough capital had 
been generated, production would start. All the world's power 
stations and nuclear plants could be shut down, great wide 
sweeping reforms could begin and the beginning of a new 
millenium society was on the horizon. Guarantees should be 
obtained from all Governments in the world to ensure that 
implosion power was not to be used for military purposes. 
Viktor Schauberger was kindly enough disposed towards all 
this publicity, but he expressed his dislike of Brandstatter's 
misuse of the interviews. He was enthusiastic that his message 
should reach the masses all over the world, but he was also 
wary of getting caught up in big plans. He declined to support 
the planned movement in his name, and instead he strove for 
the establishment of an international research institute in 
Austria for the continuation of research into implosion. He 
had the hindsight of some bitter experiences in his life. People 
had appeared to want to support him, only to deceive him. He 
also feared that the centres of power he most distrusted, the 
energy and armament monopolies, would exploit his dis- 
coveries behind his back. 



His health was also suspect. The effort and stress of the war, 
his arduous research and his shortage of funds had all taken 
their toll. He had asthma, and periodically suffered from a 
weak heart. He continued his work despite mounting diffi- 
culties. The implosion machine had been a particularly heavy 
drain, financially and physically. He was greatly troubled at 
the headlong flight of the world towards catastrophe. He was 
especially alarmed at the development of nuclear power, 
which he thought the greatest threat of all. He felt an 
unavoidable compulsion in some way to help solve the world's 
energy problems using biotechnological principles to halt the 
breakdown. But where could he obtain the funds? 

The American Connection. Viktor Schauberger's Death 

This was the situation when two Americans came to visit 
Schauberger in the winter of 1957/58. The contact had been 
made through one of the newspapers that worked most 
energetically for the formation of the international movement 
for implosion. Schauberger's health had deteriorated during 
the winter and he occasionally said he thought he had not 
much longer to live. He became more and more troubled and 
resdess, and he made despairing efforts to solve the problems 
that were preventing the implosion machine from working 
properly. What happened then is described by his old friend 
and associate, Aloys Kokaly, head of the German biotechnical 

Last year, while on a lecture tour through South Germany 
and Austria, I visited Viktor Schauberger in Bad Ischl. He 
was in company with two Americans. One of these spoke 
fluent German with a Bavarian accent Under the circum- 
stances, I was only able to speak a few minutes with 
Schauberger. Using the phrase 'stricdy confidential', 
Mr Karl Gerscheimer declared that both Schaubergers 
(Viktor Schauberger and his son) would shordy be flying to 
America The 'Schauberger case', he continued, must in all 
circumstances become also a case for the U.S.A. All 
technical preparations had already been put in hand 
appropriate to the vast knowledge which Schauberger was 
capable of imparting. Unlimited funds would be available. 
Above all, work must proceed at a pace, because Schau- 



berger's visit was limited to three months. Viktor Schau- 
berger spoke of an 'initial help', which, in the three months 
available, he wished to give. 

A German periodical continues the story: 

Schauberger and his son were flown to Texas. All that was 
required in documents, models, equipment and such 
material was despatched to U.S.A. The months of June, 
July, August and September in Texas are the most uncom- 
fortable. Was it hoped that Viktor Schauberger would 
quickly succumb under these conditions - temperature at 
noon between 36° and 41 °C? Schauberger and his son were 
taken to the solitude of the Texan desert near the Red River. 
There was no communication with the outside world. The 
post was censored. The answer to the question as to when 
would the research work begin was 'Now we have time'. 
Instruction was given that all findings would be recorded in 

The ultimate report with drawings was sent to an expert 
in atomic technology for analysis. In September this expert, 
from the state of New York, took part in a three day 
conference in Texas. His findings were conclusive. He 
summarized his views: 'The path which Mr Schauberger in 
his treatise and with his models has followed, is the 
biotechnical path of the future. What Schauberger proposes 
and says and asserts is correct In four years, all this will be 

When the three months passed Viktor Schauberger 
insisted on returning to Europe. From the American side, 
however, the cry was, 'Now that the results achieved have 
been so outstandingly satisfactory, you and your son must 
remain here. A matter so revolutionary as this demands a 
sacrifice! For the next few years you will both be given 
accommodation in the desert region of Arizona.' The 
Schaubergers disagreed with such a plan. Eventually Viktor 
Schauberger was told that he could return home, but with 
the proviso that he would attend a course in English (he was 
totally ignorant of the language). He was given thirty 
minutes to decide. One of the Americans present orally 
translated this proposition, after a heated argument with 
both Schaubergers. 



For Viktor Schauberger there was no choice. Under 
duress he agreed to the proposition. His son, Walter 
Schauberger, was asked to sign a contract, but this he 
refused to do, because as a visitor to U.S.A. he would be 
subject to the then current laws. 

The agreement included a statement which precluded 
Viktor Schauberger from passing over any knowledge of his 
work, past, present and future, except to a 'Mr R.D.' [Robert 
Donner]. It was made clear to his son that if he did not keep 
silent in this respect Viktor Schauberger would be silenced 
by middlemen based in Munich. 

In accordance with this 'Texas Agreement', the boss 'Mr 
R.D.' would have the 'right' to sell the Schauberger case, 
either wholly or in part, to other groups in transit. 

Without any rest Viktor Schauberger and his son returned 
to Austria after a 19-hour flight Viktor Schauberger was 
unable psychologically to overcome this ordeal and began 
to vegetate, as if his brain, his intelligence, his spiritual 
being, all his thoughts 'belonged' to Mr R.D. 

Five days after he returned home, on 25 September 1958, 
Viktor Schauberger died, in Linz, at the age of 73. Despairingly 
he repeated over and over again: 'They took everything from 
me, everything. I don't even own myself.' 



When Viktor Schauberger died, an extraordinary and moving 
personal crusade ended. All his life he had fought for water, 
forest and soil, for Nature's wholeness and order, but he had 
seldom received any acclaim. Attacked, pursued, persecuted, 
interned, and finally sick and impoverished, he continued to 
search for a last chance of realizing his dream of giving 
humanity a new life-building technology. Then he was forced 
into a nightmare experience which ended his life. He was not 
even allowed to go in peace. He died in despair that all he had 
toiled and fought for had now come to nought. It had all been 
taken away from him by commercial gangsters after they had 
tricked him with false promises. 

How did he see himself before mis tragic ending? What had 
he thought to be his life's task? How had it been possible for 
him so confidendy to criticize technology and science? How 
could he, who had spent the greater part of his life in the 
wilderness, presume to have found abetter path for humanity, 
coming forward with discoveries that all the world's scientific 
establishment had missed? 

Let us not make the initial mistake of equating academic 
qualifications with knowledge. Viktor Schauberger indeed 
had few qualifications, but this did not mean he was an 
uneducated man. Both his writings and testimonials from his 
friends confirm the breadth of his learning. He was well read 
in history, literature and philosophy. Goethe, to whom he often 
referred, was his inspiration. Technically, his writings reflect 
an extensive knowledge of physics, chemistry and hydrology. 
To this can be added his immense practical experience. Above 
all, he had been an unusually attentive student of Nature. 
Perhaps there lies an explanation of his authoritative 



behaviour in the following: once when Schauberger was 
attempting to transform stinking sewage solution into clear 
spring water, he was visited by some senior and highly 
educated Austrian Jews who asked where he had obtained his 
knowledge. They maintained that the process had been 
known since ancient times in secret Jewish tradition, but it had 
been lost long ago. 

Schauberger answered that nobody had taught him, though 
he himself had the advantage of inheritance. When asked what 
he meant by inheritance, he replied, 'Everything is corpuscular, 
even energy and light waves. Even matter is inert energy. This 
also applies to blood, which is a materialized power flow that 
carries energy from past generations through present to future 
generations. This flow is not broken with the person's death, 
but is carried further to his successors. However, this energy 
can be degenerated, for example, by negative technology, so 
that the thoughts and oudook which have accumulated within 
a person's being over thousands of years, is lost It is possible 
for the person who has the advantage of this gift of inheritance, 
to summon up from his blood all this reservoir of knowledge.' 

This person need not speculate, because he can see the 
difference between ancient and modern knowledge and can 
therefore choose between knowledge and science. 

Schauberger was himself convinced he had this gift. He 
knew, he did not need to assemble proof. So he at once saw 
things in Nature that no-one else could see. He saw what really 
happened, not what seemed to happen. The difficulties he had 
were on another level. To translate what he clearly saw into 
practice, and often with inadequate resources, and to be able 
to 'materialize', so to speak, the images he himself saw sharply 
defined and which he never doubted, this was his problem. 
He knew, and with the inward authority that this gave him he 
kept up his condemnation of technology, science and politics. 

There is something Old Testament-like in his person. He 
did not choose - he was chosen to spread the word of his 
revolutionary teachings. People were irritated by his self- 
confident language, his words of judgement; but they did not 
understand that he was not 'preaching' for himself. He was a 
prophet who expressed his anathema to 'death' technology, 
and to those who degrade life on earth. 


Spiral movement in water. 

He knew that he was right, and yet vascillated in telling us all 
he knew. He feared constandy that his discoveries would be 
misused by people who would work against Nature. He 
therefore spoke in a cryptic language, giving hints and half 
explanations. His writings have to be studied for years before 
one can learn his code... he knew that this invited difficulties, 
but he could not act in any other way. In a letter to Professor 
Ude, the Catholic priest and social and economic reformer, 
asking him for help to save the young from the fate awaiting 
them, he wrote: 

Do you think I would have stood up in public to the extent 
that I have if I did not have an overwhelming evidence in my 
hands? Of course not - but I do not aim to cast this 
profound knowledge to the swine. Capitalists are not 
idealists. They have all gone wrong, - the capitalists, 
socialists and communists. And even the scientists are 
turning back the clock of understanding. 



Here lies a deep tragedy. When he could no longer hide his 
secrets, because the destruction of life's fundamental processes 
took on more and more alarming dimensions, he was forced 
to do that which he most feared throughout his life, to throw 
pearls to the swine. 

Others' Judgements of Viktor Schauberger 

The people I have personally met who knew Viktor Schauberger 
are unanimous in agreeing he was an honest and decent man- 
natural and hearty, and with a fine sense of humour. If, 
however, he met with dishonesty or pretence, he became 
intolerant at once, without regard for the social background of 
the guilty party. 

He thrived in the company of farmers, foresters, and 
hunters, and the simple life of the forest and country. He did 
not shy away from social gatherings and always impressed 
people with his strong personality and dignity. 

He had loyal friends and associates, some of whom wrote 
about him. The first is Professor Werner Zimmermann of 
Switzerland, a social reformer well known throughout central 

I got to know Viktor Schauberger in Vienna in 1930, when 
he attended one of my lectures. He talked about his 
activities, showed me apparatus he had constructed and 
allowed me to drink of the water he had purified. In 
September 1935 his first essay on Regulating the Rhine was 
published in my periodical Tau, and was followed by many 
others until the banning of my periodical by the Hitler 
Government in 1938 ... 

For me it was a great gift to have had the experience of 
knowing this able researcher and fighter. He was a man who 
had a close-to-Nature originality. He had piercing eyes, a 
prominent aquiline nose, an upright bearing and a flowing 
full beard. How sharp was his power of observation and also 
his judgement! How to the point were his answers! How 
heartily he could laugh! New ideas tumbled out, as clear 
water from a forest spring. To his friends, he was a trusted 
comrade - he gave to all strength, calmness, confidence, 
like the mountains amongst which he lived. In a superior 
way and unafraid, he served the truth and did his duty. In 



July 1936 he wrote to me: 'He who lives a hundred years in 
advance is never surprised with the present.' 

A hundred years - what will not happen by the year 
2000? The wrong kind of progress will no doubt continue. 
But, at the same time, forces will emerge, even to be 
accepted by governments, as a healthy renewal. May they 
soon contribute towards the realization of Schauberger's 
vision of the future as of a prophet and what he fought for, 
during his whole life. 

Another was Oswald Hitschfield, farmer and instructor for 
South German biological agriculture. He wrote: 

It is often said that one's first impression is the most 
reliable. After reading in the 1930s some of Viktor Schau- 
berger's papers on the necessity of allowing water to flow 
naturally, I met him personally for the first time, during the 
summer of 1942. We both took part in a conference, at 
which he held discussions with scientists of the old school. 
Even today, after more than thirty years, there is above all a 
particular memory which persists; his unshakeable self- 
confidence and inner conviction of the correctness of his 
theories. He countered all objections with what could be 
described as an air of superiority and authenticity, which 
deeply impressed all his colleagues. One had the distinct 
feeling that here spoke a man, endowed with an inner 
perception, before whom the elements of Nature and the 
structure of all life are unveiled, and in their correct order. 
My many discussions and considerable correspondence 
with Viktor Schauberger were principally concerned with 
the natural measures to ensure water economy for agri- 
culture and forestry. In the pursuit of knowledge in this 
field I had met many people, but never before had I made 
contact with someone who could throw such clear light on 
often very complex problems, and who, the more I got to 
know him, won over my complete trust. 



Viktor Schauberger's life's work was not buried with him. The 
thoughts he threw out to the world continue after his death, 
and inspire other scientists to condnue his works. 

Soon after Viktor Schauberger's death a working co- 
operation was established between those who were closest to 
him. The Biotechnical Academy was formed in Austria under 
the leadership of Walter Schauberger. In West Germany an 
association for the advancement of biotechnology (Verein Zur 
Forderung Der Biotechnik) was started, to be followed by 
similar associations in Austria, Switzerland and Sweden. Since 
the beginning of the 1960s many academic courses have been 
running with a bias towards biotechnological studies. The 
periodical, Implosion, started by Kokaly in 1961, has published 
four issues a year since then. 

At the end of the 1960s Walter Schauberger founded the 
Pythagoras-Kepler-School (P.K.S.) which is now the centre of 
research into technological ways of copying Nature. 

A group of young academics from this school set up the 
Gruppe Der Neuen under the leadership of Dr Norbert 
Harthun, in West Germany in 1969. In association with P. K. S. 
they produce a periodical Komische Evolution, which deals with 
alternatives and relationships within society and technology. 

At the end of the 1950s in Sweden an unofficial science 
group was formed, that in 1963 became constituted the 
Swedish Science group for Biological Technology. The group 
was reformed in 1968 as Biotec, the Scandinavian Institute for 
Biological Technology, which ceased in 1978. Since 1979 work 
has continued at the Institute for Ecological Technology. 

For nearly two decades of intensive research, Walter Schau- 
berger has followed a path, in part different from that of his 



Walter Schauberger. 

father. He has attempted within classical physics to try to find 
confirmation of what his father and himself had discovered. 
He has often found that Viktor Schauberger's theories are 
strengthened by the discoveries of famous physicists through- 
out history, though these discoveries have so far been inter- 
preted in different ways. 

Walter Schauberger and a team of scientists are now 
working through classical scientific models of reality and 
comparing them with Nature. If they deviate from Nature's 
reality, then attempts are made to correlate the existing 
models, and to create new ones that can better exist with 
Nature. These scientists hope to prove what Viktor Schau- 
berger understood intuitively, namely, that our existing 
scientific world is false. While Nature is shown to be following 
a 'centripetal dynamic' direction in an expanding motion 
towards the beyond, - a transcendental goal-, science has set 
itself dramatically opposed to this, epitomised by its mechan- 
istic technology, its models, and its theories. 



This new research wants now to present a number of facts 
which have not been seriously studied. These demand a total 
change of our conventional world understanding, the physical 
and technological understanding about reality by Newtonian 
physical mathematics, Euclidean Geometry, and materialistic 
ideology. These scientists, however, maintain that a revision of 
this understanding of reality is long overdue, considering 
discoveries made by such great physicists as Gauss, Lobat- 
chefski, Rienann, Einstein, Planck and others, who unmasked 
the current static world picture for what it is. 

Professor G. Pleskot of Vienna University says this about the 
work of Walter Schauberger and his team: 

Resulting from this research project, a completely uncon- 
ventional concept is introduced by reconsidering the theo- 
retical basis for all forms of technical development using 
'humanizing techniques', which can be defined as being in 
harmony with, rather than, as occurs at present, in oppo- 
sition to, the continuous development of mankind. 

While present techniques have developed basically from 
Euclid's geometry and the philosophical concepts of 
Aristotle-Newton, the ideas of Ing. Schauberger's Pytha- 
goras-Kepler-School have so advanced that the Euclidian 
principle now represents the transcendental field to which 
in reality the non-Euclidian principle adhered. 

In considering further the intellectual concept of 
Pythagoras- Kepler- Gauss- Planck- Hasenohrl- Einstein, Schau- 
berger recognized in the law of sound the synthesis of 
both principles as a basic law of the universe. Through this 
basic law, the natural combination of the pair of dialectic 
principles, such as continuity-discontinuity or time-energy 
is demonstrated. 

Schauberger's desire is now to harness the principles of 
Aristode- Euclid- Newton, now so greatly revised, to those of 
Pythagoras, developed over four hundred years since 
Kepler. This development can also be seen in the fields of 
technology, economics and politics. In this way, there 
would be the opportunity to create new schemes, which 
were both natural in concept and worthwhile for mankind. 
Thus it is clear that Schauberger's concept is on a grand 
scale and modern in principle. In my view, it deserves 
generous support now. 



Here it is also of interest to note that if we accept the law of 
the formation and development of sound as a general law of 
the universe, it follows mathematically that the universe has a 
spiral structure. If the theory of the law of sound is correct then 
Viktor Schauberger's understanding of the 'cycloid spiral 
motion' as being life's own developing motion, is confirmed. 3 

The discoveries of two well-known physicists seem to 
support Viktor Schauberger's theories. The first is Ludwig 
Bolzmann (1804-1906) whose special field of research was 
steam technology, the efficiency of which he wanted to 
improve. To reach the pressures and the high temperatures 
that this technology demanded, Bolzmann found that the 
steam's or gas's molecules must be made to move in a straight 
line for high efficiency. At the same time he made the 
disappointing discovery that it was virtually impossible to 
create this straight-line movement, even with two-atom gases, 
such as hydrogen. When the two-atom gas was exposed to a 
moving impulse, it wanted to begin to spin, whereby its own 
rotation 'ate up' a large part of the energy created, leaving only 
a small amount to remain. It was even worse with multiple- 
atom gases, such as water steam, where a 'straight motion' was 
even more difficult to achieve. Bolzmann was very disap- 
pointed by these findings, for he thought the study of heat and 
heat technology were the most important base for the existing 
technology, and if high efficiency could not be obtained, then 
it must mean that Nature is mistaken. Low efficiency will cause 
such extensive fuel depletion, that soon we will exhaust the 
world's energy supplies, he thought The situation today 
shows that Bolzmann's fears were justified. At the same time, 
however, his discoveries confirm Viktor Schauberger's argu- 
ment that Nature tries to prevent straight line motion. Small 
particles wish rather to move in a 'planetary' orbit, rather than 
to be forced into the straight-line motion which suits our 
technology. When technologists now continue to use this 
incorrect model of motion, they are also responsible for the 
plundering of earth's oil and coal supplies. 

The other scientist who, without knowing it, confirmed with 
his experiments Viktor Schauberger's 'spiral motion' theory 
was Felix Ehrenhaft (1879-1952), Professor of Physics at 
Vienna University. Ehrenhaft developed the experiments of 
other scientists concerning the study of small particles of 
matter in magnetic fields and/or concentrated light rays. Fine 



powdered material, for example silver, copper, chrome, coal 
etc. and even fine water droplets were introduced into 
evacuated glass tubes. As a tube was shaken the particles 
moved in suspension. If the particles were then exposed to 
concentrated rays of light, they started to follow certain paths, 
in that they turned into a path in a uniform way. Ehrenhaft 
wrote about this: 

Totally new and surprising was that the particles' motion in 
the field was not straight, but flowed in screw-like paths with 
a most regular form, size and uniformity... drops of methyl 
orange for example ... moved in this way. 

Similar results were obtained when the particles were 
exposed to the influence of a magnetic field. Local gas flows or 
the 'charge' of the particles were no explanation for the screw- 
like paths that resulted, which remained unaffected by such 

Also interesting was the fact that a centripetal power 
occurred that influenced particles 130 times more strongly 
than gravity. 

Ehrenhaft's comments on the tests: 

It is improbable that these phenomena of motion in light or 
magnetic fields can be explained with the help of existing 
hypotheses; we may be forced to turn to new ones. 

Walter Schauberger has interpreted the test as follows: 

Each energy particle in motion produces a field- an energy 
room - which is dependent on the motion, and the more 
concentrated this field is, the more it influences the 
surroundings, so that particles with a larger mass than the 
field producing particle can be drawn into the field. These 
particles of silver, nickel or carbon in comparison to light 
photons must be like huge boulders, but they were still 
drawn into the photons' swirling dance. We must therefore 
learn to move matter, when we can, in the way electrons and 
photons move ... and so with relatively small amounts of 
energy we will be able to move 'mountains'. 

In short, Ehrenhaft's experiments indicate that Nature's 

Virbela Flowforms are designed using a method developed by A. John 
Wilkes since 1970. The illustration shows one such vessel in series. 
Water streaming through the system pulsates rhythmically in a vortical 
meander creating a figure of eight flow path. 

The quality of water thus treated is being investigated for its increased 
life supportive capacity, for the rhythmical character of all organisms 
and that of the overall environment maintains the reciprocal relationship 
between them. 



most basic elements move in the spiral motion that Viktor 
Schauberger wanted to copy. 

Continuing Research 

After Viktor Schauberger's death, biotechnical research has, in 
a practical way, concentrated on developing new methods and 
apparatus for the caring of the environment and for bio- 
synthesis. In Sweden there has also been background research 
into the physics of water and forests, from the direction 
pointed to by Schauberger's work. 

Projects for water and air filtration, usually led by Walter 
Schauberger, has led to new patents for models of apparatus. 
On the following page is shown an apparatus for exhaust 
control on motor vehicles or heating installations. Other 
variations of this can be used for promoting other reactions, 
for example, synthesis. The models shown have specially 
shaped-reaction chambers of a certain material that is impor- 
tant as a catalyst. Built for the separation of, for example, 

This diagram shows an apparatus for oxygenating water. A specially- 
designed agitator is attached to a suitably-shaped reaction vessel in a 
water reservoir. The agitator creates a whirlpool-like swirl which sucks 
air into the water. The increased oxygenation breaks down pollution. 



sulphur dioxide from exhaust gases, these enter the chamber 
at inlet A, at a certain pressure, and are directed into a strong, 
wavering motion through the chamber's inner wall, down 
towards the narrower neck, where they mix with the reaction 
mixture, in this case water, which is drawn in through B. The 
sulphur dioxide reacts with water and sulphuric acid is 
formed. This then moves in a spiral upwards to the lengthened 
pipe, C, finally to drain out via the outlet. The exhaust gases 
freed from the sulphur flow at the same time through the same 
pipe, concentrated within the pipe's narrow longitudinal 

Viktor Schauberger's View of Attitudes to Nature and 
Environmental Care 

It is likely that Viktor Schauberger's ideas, and the research he 
has inspired, will stimulate radical new thinking about environ- 
mental care on several different fronts. He criticized prevailing 
science's understanding of Nature for 'thinking one octave too 
low'. He meant that the mechanical materialistic approach 
dominated at the expense of a qualitative view of Nature. 

Two variations of an accelerator for nuclear fusion. Schauberger worked 
on these prototypes as safer alternatives to the reactors currently used in 
nuclear power stations. 



In considering what the last decade has revealed about the 
extent of environmental destruction, and what ecological 
research has already discovered, there seems to be considerable 
justification for Viktor Schauberger's indictments. Ill-founded 
economic and technological priorities, and the compulsion 
towards profitability, still dominate our relationship with 
Nature, and even the protective measures which have now 
begun in a startled way still all too often lie 'one octave below' 
Nature's own way of working. 

Viktor Schauberger has given fairly clear principles to guide 
us to a more realistic programme for saving and caring for our 
living environment It is an urgent question for science at all 
levels to work out specific directions from these fundamental 
truths. It is probably the most urgent of all tasks facing science 

A nebula spiral, as a cosmic vortex. 



today. Politicians and economists will also have to undertake a 
new way of thinking. Nature can no longer be regarded as a 
base for material well-being. It is the basis for our life, and if we 
harm it through over-exploitation then the quality of life will 
be quickly undermined until there is a final biological 
breakdown. A general biological catastrophe when the air, 
water and nutrition cycles can no longer function as funda- 
mental life factors, must necessarily be followed by an 
economic, social and political breakdown. 

Only by nursing these life factors can we ensure a safe base 
for future well-being. It is Viktor Schauberger's legacy to have 
been a pioneer in showing and emphasizing the connection 
between Nature's health and the happiness and well-being of 

Organisations Pursuing Research with Water 

Max-Planck-Institut fur Stromungsforchung 

Prof. E. A. Muller, D-3400 Gottingen, West Germany 

Sternwarte am Goethaenum 

Dr. Georg Unger, CH-4143 Dornach, Switzerland 

Warmonderhof Waterzuiveringsproject, 

Dr. Jan Diek van Mansfelt, NL-4012 NR Kerk Avegaath, 


Forschungs und Versuchsanstalt der Stadt Wien, 

Dipl. Ing. Dr. Paul Schutz, Rinnbockstrasse 15, A-Wien, 


Pythagoras- Kepler- Schule, 
A-4821, Lauffen, Austria 

Flow Design Research Institute, 

Emerson College, Forest Row, Sussex RH18 5JU, England 
Geothean Science Foundation, 

Olive Whicher, Hoathley Hill, West Hoathley, Sussex, 



Nettlestone Laboratory, 

N. C. Thomas, 163 Toms Lane, Kings Langley, Herts, 

Institutet for Ekologisk Teknik, 
Nygatan 60, S-902, 47 Umea, Sweden. 


Contemporary Applications 
of Vortex Research 

by Christopher Seebach 

When, as children, we see the water spiralling down the 
bathtub drain, we can become aware that Nature works in a 
spiral. We later discover other phenomena in which this spin 
occurs, such as DNA, cyclones, beanstalks, magnets, galaxies 
and other forms of Nature, but few have considered that the 
spiral is the force behind all of Nature as have scientists like 
Schauberger, Pythagoras, John Ernst Worrell Keely (1837- 
1898) and Nichola Tesla (1856-1943). 

Vortexian energies are the keys to life, for they are mirrored 
inside every living being of the planet. Once one realises this, 
then the whole notion of 'mystery' simply falls away. Walk 
through a forest, see a stream, look at your reflections in the 
stream; every part of that experience, on all levels, both visible 
and invisible, physical and spiritual is connected, for all of 
these are vortexian energy. It is not a question of harnessing 
this energy, but of releasing it from its confines and working 
with it in harmony. Vortexian energy, particularly in the case 
of water, derives from sympathetic harmonies and the avoid- 
ance of disharmony, as in the flow of energy patterns that are 
created by water as it becomes living water by moving through 
the bowels of the earth. This is a complex interplay of 
'vibration', 'direction' and 'force', each of which is balanced 
both internally and externally. How is this energy to be 
released? The key here is the way in which this is done; for one 
needs to be in harmony with the planet in order to discover 
these sources of energy. Humanity has lived for so long under 
the spell of reductive science that it now requires totally new 
ways of understanding and perceiving in order to come to 



terms with the existence and power of this energy. Natural 
spring or revitalised water does indeed 'live', not because it 
gives life, but because it is life, and of itself. Chemical analysis 
is inadequate in determining the biological properties of living/ 
activated water*. Any hydromineral therapist will tell you 
that you must drink the spring water from the source of a spa 
gradually (a quarter of a cup per day) or you will shock your 
system and become very ill until you get accustomed to it; 
alternatively you could drink the same water from a bottle 
several weeks later with no ill effect. (C. L. Kervan 1 1966) 

'Dead' water is often the result of humanity interfering with 
the water's natural flow and energy forces. Water creates and 
follows energy lines in the Earth. These lines are mirrors of the 
frequencies put out by the effects of water's vortexian energy. 
This mirroring** allows the water to move freely with no 
friction. Thus, if craft are to be designed to be able to use 
vortexian energy as a motive force***, they would do so not 
because of me power generated to overcome gravity and other 
forms of resistance, but because a frequency was set up which 
was in total harmony with the energies that lie at the heart of all 
matter. Thus there is no 'friction' or energy 'imbalance' 
between the matter that is trying to move and that which 
surrounds it. What is created is not a vacuum, but a field of 

"The formula of water H 2 could only be a simplification, perhaps admissible in the 
state of steam, but certainly not in the liquid state where there are ionised molecules. 
Water has been proved to contain H 3 0+ though in a small quantity, it also appears to 
contain H5O2+, H7O3+. It is now accepted that hydronium (H3O+) is an acid since it 
can give up a proton to the basic hydroxyl OH- which then becomes H 2 0. H 2 is thus 
either an acid or a base, depending upon the medium, because in giving up one 
proton OH- remains, and in taking a proton up there is H 3 0+ (Water is therefore 
amphiprotic). Ref: C. L. Kervan 1 1966 "Biological Transmutations" Crosby Lockwood. 

**As to mirroring, specifically, we mean the setting of a harmonic frequency or 
resonance that duplicates that frequency range required for vortexian motion to 
occur unhindered. Indeed one could look at Nature as in perpetual vortexian 
motion, but there is a constant brake on it, so vortexian energy is only occasionally 

"■"Sympathetic vibration in its simplicity is a usable force in activity; yet, with the 
radial activity of the latent force given in the sympathetic, synthetic, or syncothetic 
conditions, it then brings about the proper relationships which converts mem into a 
usable force. Build upon the principle set forth here. Bringing the combination or 
relativity of elements with the active force of sympathetic vibration into relationship 
creates a usable motive force. This may be applied in various forms to any active 
principle (paraphrased). Edgar Cayce (1877-1945) Association for Research and 
Enlightenment, Virginia Beach, USA. 

"Ere many generations pass our machinery will be driven by power obtainable at any 
point in the universe ... it is a mere question of time when men will succeed in 
attaching their machinery to the very wheelwork of nature". Nicola Tesla (1891) 


harmony requiring very little or no force for actual movement 
through space, time or dimension. 

In order for us to view the principles in the Austrian log 
chute project (see page 25), we must view nature from its own 
perspective and its very heart-parallels or clones of vortexian 
energy - rather than from a distorted view of reflection. 
Vortexian motion is present in all things - vortexian energy is 
created by the interplay between vortexian motion and the 
effect this motion has on that matter* that is placed next to 
it.** Different materials will have different 'resistances' to the 
transfer of vortexian motion from the mechanical surface to 
the water to be energised by the mechanical agitation of the 
water. The energising is affected by the density and molecular 
structure of the materials involved in the construction of the 
machine. Thus, when the water is given a vortexian motion by 
the design of the log chute, it transmits that motion to the 
surface molecules of the water and this transmission and the 
creation of a sympathetic frequency cause friction between the 
two to be removed, friction being disharmony and the result 
is the release or achievement/recognition of vortexian energy. 
Small temperature differences in the surface of the water affect 
the molecular structure of the surface that interacts with that of 
the wood on the chute, and the transfer of vortexian motion is 
affected by this molecular structure. In reality, it is the absence 
of friction that causes the motion, however, this is the result of 
energy which could be called vortexian energy as that is the 
source which creates it. 

I was asked to write this article on the practical uses of this 
science, what it is and how vital it is today, from my own 
experience with the Aquarian Agency. Aquarian is a global 
service organisation of scientists, engineers, professionals, 
grass-root and alternative specialists in virtually every aspect 
of development from over 40 countries. All of their efforts 
have been combined to produce between them totally original 
viable solutions which will work with Nature's rhythms. By 
enhancing the processes based on principles of natural law, we 

* "There is no dividing of matter and force into two distinct terms, as they both are 
ONE. Force is liberated matter. Matter is force in bondage". Keely 2 1893 

**"Coherent aggregates (any specific body (logs]) immersed in a medium (such as water or 
atmosphere) pulsating at their natural pitch (eigen frequency) simultaneously oscillate with 
the same frequency (of the medium), whether the pitch of the medium be a unison, or 
any harmonic (partial or component) of the fundamental (eigen frequency) pitch of the 
creative aggregate (body)". Keely 1893. (My italics) 



will create optimum conditions to accelerate the growth of 
plants and trees (without forcing them) in reafforestration 
programmes, while selectively creating an ideal environment 
for sustainable future ecosystems to develop. We have, in the 
course of the last twelve years, discovered the tools and 
methods to accomplish this, and a few are described below to 
illustrate the practical present-day applications based on the 
same principles Viktor Schauberger researched. 

Aquarian was formed twelve years ago when a group of 
multi-disciplined professionals, became aware of the probable 
impact of major planet-wide cold and famine/drought cycles 
(occurring every 510 and 170 years) converging in these 
decades, combined with a rise in pollution levels (which 
threatened to reverse the cold trend to dangerous levels), 
anticipated the need for a socially, financially and scientifically 
viable sustainable form of development project which would 
provide the means for a solution. The solution promises that 
this planet does not have to become uninhabitable, nor does it 
have to repeat its past history of greenhouse effects, ocean 
risings and ice ages! A global reafforestation project in selected 
areas would influence the (macro) vortices of temperature, 
weather, and tidal flows to produce a harmonious and stable 
series of climate cycles. (Little attention is being paid to the 
thermal ocean currents and subsequent tidal changes being 
brought about by the greenhouse effect, nor the effect of the 
deforestation of Brasil and Central Africa on wind currents, on 
the Gulf Stream and other ocean currents.) This project would 
need to have the capacity to green both deserts and denuded 
forests, as well as have the right mix of agroforestry and 
intercroping of undergrowth species (for medicinal herbs, 
insect repellents, wildlife and remineralisation through decay) 
which would evolve during the next century into a self- 
sustaining ecosystem. It would also provide nourishment and 
an independent thriving economy for the communities main- 
taining these forests. 

It became apparent over the years that programmes based 
on inorganic chemicals and selective mono-cultures would 
not work on a permanent basis. This will be attested by any 
who have witnessed the barren grey soil 7-12 years after a 
'green revolution' project, which accomplished much needed 
miracles over a short term, but had to face the annual increase 
in costs of chemicals, industrial equipment and other major 


social and ecological costs. Therefore a natural and permanent 
self-sustaining system must be implemented. 

Much of the Aquarian solution is made feasible by our 
ability to irrigate fully a billion new trees per year with 
desalinated water, provided at a fraction of normal capital, 
running and maintenance costs, using solar energy. Desalin- 
ated water is, however, lifeless. In our search for natural and 
cost effective ways to revivify it, we came across scientists who, 
like Viktor Schauberger, have been working with Nature to 
obtain the understanding to provide their solutions. 

When rain falls, like distilled water, it is without life. It 
trickles down in spiraling motions around rocks beneath the 
ground, where it gradually meets a rising temperature, and 
begins at some point to percolate upwards, again in a spiraling 
motion, gathering mineral ions and life force until it meets 
light. There is a story that Schauberger once asked a farmer 
why there was a litde structure of rocks over the mouth of a 
stream. It was explained to him that if its shade was removed 
and the light let in the flow would stop. Schauberger had his 
men draw a diagram of the structure and dismanded it. The 
water flow did stop. The structure was replaced and the flow 
recommenced. This helped us to understand why rivers and 
streams disappear so quickly during deforestation, when the 
ground cover is removed. We will, in the future, be testing this 
by placing geodesic greenhouse domes ('Aquarian Oasis 
Starters') over such deforested areas, planting trees and 
undergrowth to encourage the water to flow again. Care must 
be taken to assure that when we are over aquifers (underground 
lakes of water), we are resurrecting mature living water on its 
way up and not dead water on its way down. 

At the Emerson College (Rudolf Steiner's 3 biodynamics) in 
Sussex, England, tutor, sculptor and designer John Wilkes has 
been working on the development of 'flowforms' which 
transmute and purify water as it flows through a course of 
basins shaped in such a way as to cause a double vortex in a 
figure of eight, creating lemniscatory oscillation (See p. 135). 
Aquarian will be using John Wilkes's 'Flowforms' to revitalise 
the desalinated water and, subsequendy the soil, thus giving 
the plants additional life force and mineralisation to resist 
disease and attain their optimum yield. 

Relatively litde attention has been paid to the nature and 
vital quality of the water used in research on plants and soil or 



in studies or mixes for mortars and other building materials. 
There is a related technology that we may use, invented and 
developed by Wilfred Hacheney, based on vortexian motion, 
which is a water treatment machine consisting of a hyperbolic 
cylinder made of high grade steel and having, in the centre, a 
funnel shaped device placed over a blade rotating at six thou- 
sand rpm creating a non-euclidian path of motion. The 
enclosure shape and internal design of the cylindrical device 
causes a change in the direction of flow at regular intervals. 
At the moment of direction reversal, the water particles 
are subjected to extremely high acceleration, while any 
turbulence is avoided. This creates suction energy which 
is stored into the water in the form of micro- vortices. This 
process can be defined as a physical energising of the water 
which is hence called energised or 'E-water'. 

Some of the laboratory-proven effects of water energised by 
such treatment are particularly interesting from our point of 
view, having as they do very practical and exciting applications: 

1. Plants in soil watered with 'E-water' grow faster with 
many times higher seedling survival rate. This results in higher 
values for plant growth, crop yield, crop quality and resistance 
of the plants to disease and pests. Packaged produce and food 
products prepared from these plants have a considerably 
longer shelf life. 

2. Aquarian has developed building materials which can 
be made using the finest wind-blown desert sand and by the 
conversion of toxic waste products, like gypsum sulphate, 
which is derived from scrubbing sulphur from the flue gases of 
coal fired power stations, and gypsum phosphate waste 
derived from the manufacture of artificial fertilizer. These 
toxic materials are actually transmuted into a previously 
unfamiliar form of non-toxic hydraulic binding material 
through heat controlled vortexian action. Such building 
materials are invaluable in our programme for on-site con- 
struction of desalination plants, irrigation systems, superior 
housing, workers' accommodation, schools etc and in deserts 
where the cost of shipping materials would render such 
programmes difficult. E-water' changes the mineral structure 
of such hydraulic binders or potentially hydraulic binding 
materials. The presence of E-water' in cement mixtures, 
hydraulic lines and dessicated clay or clay sand mixtures 
mainly results in the development of an amorphous structure 


of the minerals instead of the normally expected crystalline 
mineral structure. This modification of the physical properties 
of the water mixed in this fashion with solid particles, creates 
unusually highly colloidal states* which lead to the following 
practical effects: considerably higher bonding capacity of the 
neat cement; higher resistance in compression and bending of 
the concrete; chemical resistance of the concrete up to pH2. 
New materials containing clay made to meet specific physical 
requirements (e.g. elasticity, resistance, installation against 
noise and temperature, heat retention, absorption of the 
electro-magnetic radiation, etc.) can now be made without 
going through a furnace. 

3. The building materials and products derived from 
gypsum waste (mentioned above) have been developed by an 
application of vortexian action induced by a warped Achi- 
medes (or Tesla) screw. The screw induces a slow build-up of 
heat (as in the conversion underground of natural rain water) 
in the gypsum waste and converts it into a plaster-like 
hydraulic binder material which sets like stone similar to that 
in the Cheops Pyramid in Egypt. This can be mixed with fly 
ash or other aggregates and the subsequent products resist 
heat up to 2,400°C for several hours and cold to minus 170°C, 
representing a major breakthrough in construction and build- 
ing safety. Variation of the production process permits selective 
control of the setting-time and/or permeability, and the 
material will set even underwater (fresh/salt). Conduits similar 
to those found in ancient Iran and Babylon can be made where 
water seeps at a controlled rate for underground irrigation 
without salination or evaporation, and is easily moulded into 
flowforms, irrigation canals or pipes. Pipes can be made, 
according to designs by Walter Baumgartner, 4 which use 
vortexian generation to propel the water to the point where it 
produces negative friction. This allows us to use vortex-action 
water pumps and Victor Sorokine's 5 'Self-Adjusting Turbine' 
to transport irrigation/drinking water with little power con- 
sumption over vast areas of desert. Baumgartner, Hacheney, 
indeed, Walter Schauberger (Viktor's son) and others like 

♦Activated water, when heated, removes the scale inside boilers; the adhering 
calcareous substance (the scale) is insoluble in ordinary water, but in this same water, 
activated, precipitates this calcareous substance in a colloidal form ... it is evident 
that activated water can have important effects on the organism, as living cells are 
mainly composed of colloids. (C. L. Kervan 1966) 1 



them, through their visionary and practical applications of 
vortexian energy are leading us into the 21 st century, with the 
prospect of virtually free energy and an understanding of 
Nature in all her workings. 

These are special times demanding new solutions of sim- 
plicity and clarity to replace those crystalised structures which 
imprison our perspective of reality. We are, as a civilisation, 
trapped in a cycle of conditioned thought formulae which 
carry us like a whirlpool's vortex into foregone conclusions. 

To obtain real solutions, one should no longer strive to deal 
with the symptom but its cause (which can usually be 
attributed to imbalance); for solutions often have nothing to 
do with the presented problems. This requires us to use the 
right hemisphere of our brain 6 to 'see' the solution using 
contemplation, brainstorming and lateral drinking; then only 
using the left hemisphere to work back deductively and 
scientifically in pinpointing the method to be used to imple- 
ment the solution (but not to think!). We need to look at 
science in the same manner - simply and clearly, if we are to 
even grasp the works of Viktor Schauberger and other scientists 
like him who have broken from the mould of trying to 
understand the ways of Nature by reducing her wonders to 
formulae and calculations created by men for men. We need 
to look at the notions of the 'mysteries' of Nature which are 
'mysteries' only to humanity. This does not stop Nature from 
working, from being, from existing. Nature stands apart from 
human intellect, but this does not mean we cannot work 
alongside Nature. Nature has no secrets — only we have 
limitations in the way we approach and understand Nature. 
This means more than seeing Nature as a reflection or a 
distortion of its mirror image, but as parallels or clones of 
which we can be but one example. 

Water lives at all times, it just needs to be released from its confines 
that our use of it has until now put it in. 

1. C. L. Kervan (recently deceased) wrote three books (in French) on biological 
transmutations which occur regularly in Nature e.g., plants taking up larger amounts 
of magnesium than were available to them in the soil (Aquarian plans to use this 
knowledge to regenerate and re-mineralise the soils in self-sustaining agroforestry 
through undergrowth decay of plants which naturally 'manufacture' minerals 
required by trees etc.). Considerable scientific interest has developed in Belgium, 
Switzerland and Japan as a result of this work. 


2. Keely was a pioneer of sympathetic vibratory physics and like Viktor Schauberger, 
is still the source of important study groups. The focaliser and publicist of a journal is 
Dale Pond of Delta Spectrum Research Inc., 4810 Airport Road, Colorado Springs, 
Colorado 80916, USA. 

3. Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) was the founder of the Anthroposophical movement. 
He believed that humankind could help Nature take a step above herself. With our 
cooperation, something is created which natural processes alone would not bring 
about Humankind, acting out of knowledge and with the help of Nature and her 
products, takes a step beyond Nature, assists in her development, becoming once 
again, a constructive participant in world evolution, not merely preserving and living 
from the fruits of the earth, but building and helping in Creation. 

4. Walter P. Baumgartner is an expert on vortexian energy and its technical 
applications. He has a magazine "Energy Unlimited" offering news on scientific R&D 
in this field. (N.B. issue #20) Energy Unlimited, PO Box 3110, Laredo, Texas 78004, 

5. Victor Sorokine has over a thousand inventions of which many are concerned with 
water and the vortex. His vortex action Self Adjusting Turbine (Turbine Auto-Reglee) 
with constant C.O.E. up to 9896 is noiseless and without turbulence. 

6. Buckminster Fuller in his book Critical Path stated that the only hope for 
humankind was that we use our transcendental mind (right hemisphere) for thinking 
and our left brain only for storage of information, as it is incapable of true thought. 
Astronaut Edgar Mitchell is noted for similar views and states that NASA trained all 
their astronauts to function this way as "up there that is all you can rely on". He calls 
the use of the left brain for thinking "the scourge of humankind". 

The Aquarian Agency Ltd., is a global service agency and consultancy 
comprising people, technologies, and initiatives in over forty countries 
with an ever-evolving group vision and demonstration of what humanity 
and the technologies working with and for Nature can achieve. 
(Enquiries and/or participation welcomed.) Aquarian Agency Ltd, 405 
Kingston Rd., Wimbledon Chase, London, SW20 8JS, England. Tel/fax 
(01) 543 5956 


Physics and the Vortex 

by Peter Hewitt 

The concept of the vortex was central to Schauberger's 
work. It is also emerging to have application to fundamental 
physics. The vortex is a key principle which casts new light on 
the findings of physics. The vortex points to a completely new 
understanding of the physical world. At the same time, it 
opens the door to the super-physical. 

To most of us, the physical world seems solid and substantial. 
Yet modern physics has shown quite clearly that this solidity is 
an illusion. Matter is made up of atoms and these atoms 
themselves are mainly empty space, containing sub-atomic 
particles such as protons and electrons in constant movement. 

These sub-atomic particles themselves are far from sub- 
stantial. Ever since Einstein, we have known that matter is 
equivalent to energy. Particles, in some way, are bundles of 
pure energy. 

But this equivalence of matter and energy is a mystery. No 
one understands how particles of matter, seemingly so stable, 
can be a form of energy, which is dynamic and ephemeral. 
Modern physics knows that this is so, and exploits this fact, 
without understanding why. 

It is this central mystery of modern physics that the vortex 
can explain. The new idea is that a sub-atomic particle is a 
vortex of energy. This is a simple principle, but it has immense 
power. The vortex has the potential to provide an entirely new 
foundation for physics. 

The vortex begins to explain the properties of particles for 
the first time. Particles are a paradox in physics. Sometimes 
they behave as little point-like things; sometimes they behave 
as waves. If particles are really vortices of energy, many of 
these paradoxes can be resolved. The complexity of physics 
melts away. 



Einstein described matter as "frozen energy". The vortex 
shows that the energy in matter, so far from being frozen, is in 
constant movement. From this starting point, it is easy to 
explain the dynamic properties of particles. 

Matter acts dynamically on other bits of matter. It can even 
act 'at a distance' - across apparendy empty space. We are all 
familiar with the way two magnets bounce off each other- or 
attract - without touching. If particles are pictured as inert 
'blobs' of material, these effects are very hard to explain. But if 
particles of matter are really extended vortices, it becomes 
very easy to see how they can interact with each other to create 
such effects as electric charge and magnetism. 

The vortex, as it is developed, shows that even apparendy 
empty space is full of energy. It makes clear how this energy 
relates to matter, and how 'subtle' energies interact with the 
physical world. 

Some of the extraordinary effects mat Schauberger produced 
may be explicable in terms of a resonance effect between these 
subde energies and the energy in matter. Vortices in air or 
water, moving in the same form as the underlying energy in 
matter, could exchange energy with them. This principle can 
be seen in the tuning fork. Sound a tuning fork in a room with 
the piano, and every string on the piano tuned to that note will 
start to vibrate in sympathy. The enormous energies released 
through Schauberger's vortex might be the result of a similar 
resonance effect. If so, he may have found away of tapping not 
only the energy locked up in matter, but also the 'cosmic' 
energies of space. 

These ideas are admittedly speculative. But they point to a 
possible explanation of otherwise mysterious and inexplicable 
phenomena. Since Schauberger, others have built flying 
saucers and 'energy machines' that run on no fuel. But 
invariably they have little or no idea why they work and, 
lacking such insight, progress only when underpinned with 
adequate theoretical foundations. It may be that the new 
physics of the vortex could one day provide the framework of 
theory that enables Schauberger's vortex to be exploited to the 

Peter Hewitt has been working since 1987 with David Ash, the 
originator of the physics of the vortex. Together they are writing a series of 
books, the first of which Science of the Gods is published by Gateway 
Books. (Sept. 1990). 


1 This description is not as fantastic as it first appears. A body's ability to 
float in a liquid is dependent on the relationship between the specific 
weight of the body and that of the liquid. If the liquid has a higher specific 
weight than the body, the latter floats. If the liquid can be concentrated, 
as for example, by a certain kind of swirling motion, its specific weight is 
increased. Anyone can make the following test: take a test tube 30-50cm 
long with an inner diameter 5-8cm. Fill it with water. Carefully insert an 
egg which will sink to the bottom. With a suitable stirring, which can be 
quite gende, the egg rises to the surface, and stays there until the motion 
ceases. In the case of the dancing stones, the water was already 
concentrated (it was a natural stream, in a natural setting, and the night 
was cold). For further information see Kosmische Evolution, No.4, 1969, 
p. 24 ('Die Scheinbare Dichtesteigerung Von Wasser in Einroll Wirbel' - 
'The apparent increase in water density in simple whirlpools'). 

2 Cycloid space-curve motion is a central theme ofSchauberger's thinking. 
He speaks even of planetary motion' and 'imploding motion'. Think of a 
particle gliding along a spiralling thread wound around a cone, towards 
its tip, for an impression of this motion. 

3 Jurgen Sauk is carrying out a water regulating scheme in Brazil (following 
Schauberger's methods) on the 800 kilometre Panama River (1979): 
Implosion No. 63. 

4 Harry Martinsson: 'The silt in a river always carries the potential of 
becoming soil to sustain plant life.' 

5 This understanding of Schauberger's seems to be confirmed by the New 
Zealand physicist B. St Clair-Corcoran. He calculates a country's 
rational use of natural resources by testing the quality of the water. In this 
context 'rational' means such usage that preserves nature's dynamic eco- 
logical balance. By measuring the water's negative entropy, 'Negentropy' 
i.e. characteristics of its molecular structure, a statistical understanding 
can be obtained of what Corcoran means by the water's quality: its ability 
optimally to transport material is healthy energy. As the landscape's 
ecological condition also effects 'negentropy', it becomes an indicator of 
how a country treats its forests, land and watercourses, etc (Journal of 
Hydrology, N.Z. vol.10, No. 2, 1971). 



6 Die Wasserwirtschaft, No. 24, 1930. 

7 Schauberger did not believe that the blood was pumped bv the heart, but 
had its own power of motion, like water. This has also, more recendy, 
been shown by Professor Manteufel, Warskw (The Heart is not a Pump') 
Komische Evolution 2, 1971. 

8 S. Hedin: The Flight of Large Horses, P. 40, Stockholm (1935). 

9 In Varle Och Vetande, No. 1, 1966, J. Westbury describes similar occur- 
rences on Scottish lochs to those on the Odemark lakes. 

10 Schauberger thoroughly investigates this in Hydrotechnology, No. 20, 1930. 

11 Schauberger here means the influence that the pipe material has on the 
resistance to flow. See the experiment in Niirnberg. 

12 Dr W Drobeck, head of Hamburg's waterworks, with the help of the so- 
called 'Steigbild' (growth pattern) investigations (water is absorbed in a 
suspended strip of filter paper) reveals clear changes in water that has 
been exposed to centrifugal treatment, e.g. pressure pump. 'Gedanken 
ubereine Grosstadt Wasser-Versorgung' (Ideas on the water supply for a 
large town). Das Gas-und-Wasserfach, 108, 1967, H40, 52, 109; 1968, H8). 

13 Schauberger is probably here referring to the situation in Central 

14 This building-up of metal has also been verified by Professor P. Baranger 
at the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris (Modem Earth, Paris, 1960). Baranger 
found that it was not only a concentration of metals from the soil at the 
place of growth, but an actual new formation of them. 

15 The centrifugal form of motion can be equated to the principle of 
entropy in physics (all processes of energy move towards the highest 
disorder). The centripetal form of motion of negative entropy, found for 
example within the bio-electrical potential of the living cell, has, on the 
other hand, the potential for energy to move towards order. (See, for 
example, E. Schroedinger: What is Life? (Cambridge, 1951). 

16 Diamagnetism is what is sometimes referred to as cross-magnetism, 
when certain bodies, subjected to a magnetic field, take up a position at 
right angles to the magnetic axis, that is east-west instead of north-south. 

17 It is important to note that Schauberger's biological magnetism is not the 
same as the diamagnetism of physics. His 'biological magnetism' is more 
to do with trace elements and 'chromosomes'. See Footnote 18. 

18 What Schauberger called 'trace elements' and the 'chromosomes' of air 
and water are not trace elements and chromosomes in the generally 
accepted sense, but his terms for the 'smallest forms of living substance', 
when an organism decays in death. They then exist as indifferent, 
unconscious life carriers, until they are sucked into one of the two 
motions. It is of interest to compare this theory with that of Professor 
Bechamp's concerning 'microsymers', the cell's physiologically in- 
destructible element, that he considers to be active in life's construction 
as well as destruction. (See A. Waerland, Vagen Till en ny Mansklighet, (The 



way to a new humanity, Halsans Forlag, Linkoping). In Wiener Medizinische 
Wochenschrift, Nos. 37-38, 1951, H.P. Rusch and Anto presented proof 
that the cell centre, the genes, chromosomes etc. do not die when the 
organism dies, but continue to exist by changing into other special 

19 Implosion, No. 41, p.23. The last model of this machine was taken to the 
U.S.A. in 1958 and was kept by the Americans. 

20 Implosion, No.49 (Kokaly, A, 'Das Erbe Viktor Schauberger'). 

21 The tests have been taken up by Swedish bionic researchers in recent 
years. Results of these are presented in Implosion, No. 6. 

22 In Implosion, No.9, Walter Schauberger presented the idea of the 
'biocondensator', that is formed by the geosphere and atmosphere and 
the insulation cover in between. His presentation provides a new and 
interesting understanding of growth. 

23 In biological, ecological agriculture, as expounded by Dr H. Muller and 
H. P. Rusch the importance of a constant soil cover is stressed. See, Rusch 
Naturwissenschaft von Morgen, (Rusch, Tomorrow's Natural Science), 
Frankfurt/Main and Cibulka den Fruktbara Tradgarden (The Fruitful Garden) 
(Orbio, Box 6002, 600 06 Norricoping). 

24 It is unclear here, what Schauberger means by 'neutral voltage' and 
'neutral charge'. Possibly he thinks that the layer between the negative 
geosphere and the positive atmosphere can attract either polarity, 
depending on other circumstances (see also note 48). 

25 Schauberger, using the term 'fructification' means, in general, the use of 
all carbon and hydrogen compounds, while 'fertilization' includes all 
oxygen compounds. 

26 The rationale behind 'sun ploughing' was that the upturned sod should 
not only be exposed to the sun along one side, as it would then become 
too hot, and 'discharge' its energy. 

27 Presented in the Institution's Yearbook 1949, 1952, pp. 109-1 12. 

28 Walter Schauberger has since patented a 'biometal alloy' for farming and 
gardening equipment. These are sold by, amongst others, the Biotechnisch 
Gerate GmbH, 5604, Neviges (Rhld). Successful tests with these tools 
have been carried out. 

29 Positive results from experiments with the 'repulsator' are outlined in 
Implosion No. 42. 

30 The experiment has been repeated by Swedish bionic scientists with 
similar results. 

31 Professor Popel's findings are published in Komische Evolution No. 3,1977. 

32 The New Zealand scientist Brian St. Clair Corcoran has also developed a 
world model in which the universe has a spiral structure, quite 
independendy of Schauberger's research. 



34 Water not exposed to sunlight has a greater density and vitality. Its inner 
structure becomes changed and weakened by an increase in temperature. 

35 Prince Adolph was so pleased with Schauberger's efforts that he wanted 
to bestow upon him the title of Forstmeister. Since Schauberger did not 
have the requisite degree in forestry, to have done so would have out- 
raged all the other Forstmeisters (Forest Superintendent). However, 
not to be thwarted in his desire to reward Schauberger for his services, 
Prince Adolph awarded him the tide of Wildmeister or 'master of the 
wilderness', a term specially coined for him. 

36 Schauberger's log flume allowed commercial exploitation of virgin 
forests which had been inaccessible to the foresters because of the nature 
of the terrain. He was so upset at having to witness the brutal damage 
done to natural forests exploited by short-sighted greed. Rather than 
have to take responsibility for the conditions of the forest that he saw 
would be inevitable, he resigned from the Prince's employ, without 
taking a penny. 

It was after this that he was offered employment with the government, 
and was eventually raised to the level of grade three hofrat (literally court 
counsellor). His unconventional background and personality made him 
much resented by all the other hofrats, which caused him in the end to 
resign from government service. 

37 Schauberger felt quite put out by being given only a gold watch for his 
efforts, when Steinhard received a million schillings as a result of 
Schauberger's ingenuity and knowledge. He thought it underhand and 
quite unfair. 

38 With a rise in the general temperature level due to deforestation, the 
ground becomes too 'hot' to support water at a temperature of around 
4°C at its normal natural distance from the surface. On the basis of the 
Archimedian principle, water can only 'float' at a level of equal 
temperatures. When the ground temperature. rises, the +4°C water table 
must fall. 

42 Nuclear power, in terms of atomic fusion, or atomic transformation, he 
might have applauded, but not atomic fission, or splitting the atom, of 
which he spoke in very critical terms. 

43 According to Walter Schauberger, Viktor's machines were too inflexible, 
and could only function within a narrow margin of temperatures and 
speeds. This was not Viktor Schauberger's fault, as much as the 
shortcomings of a technology which could not construct 'machines' 
according to Nature's geometrical and dynamic systems. 

44 Or as Walter Schauberger says: 'The heart doesn't pump, it is pumped!' 

45 The version that Walter Schauberger tells of this experience of his father 
is slightly different. Viktor Schauberger received a pension as a result of a 
war wound from the First World War. All such pensioners were required 



to have an examination every three years. On the day of his physical 
examination, he was having coffee in Berlin with a certain Mrs Mada 
Primavesi, an old friend who admired his work. During their conversation, 
Schauberger asked if she would mind waiting for twenty minutes, while 
he went for his triennial examination, which normally took only five 
minutes in a nearby clinic. After her fourth cup of coffee, Mrs Primavesi 
began to get upset, and after waiting 1 1/2 hours left for Schauberger's 
home. But his wife said that he had not returned. Mrs Primavesi became 
quite concerned, knowing that Schauberger was not one to break his 
word or behave irresponsibly. 

Moving in the highest social circles of the Third Reich, Mrs Primavesi 
Schauberger was not to be found. Mrs Primavesi however, refused to 
leave the clinic until Schauberger's whereabouts had been accounted for. 
After further questioning of the staff yielded nothing, and there was no 
record of his appointment, Professor Fotzl and Mrs Primavesi made a 
room-to-room search of the whole clinic. Viktor Schauberger was 
eventually found in the lunatic section. He had been trussed up in a 
straight-jacket on a bed in a steel cage. He was outwardly quite calm, 
while the other lunatics around him ratded their cages in anger. Viktor 
Schauberger had determined to remain composed in the hope of being 
able to convince someone of his sanity. 

He had been lured into the clinic in order to be disposed ot quietly. In 
those days in Germany it was normal practice to inject lunatics with a 
lethal dose of sleeping drugs, so that the facilities could be put to better 
use. Viktor Schauberger would have fared likewise. Professor Fotzl 
insisted he knew nothing of this, and after many apologies, wrote out a 
certificate confirming Schauberger's sanity. 

Had it not been for Mrs Primavesi's perseverance, and their fortunate 
meeting, Schauberger would have disappeared without a trace, to the 
This was only intended as a temporary measure, an excuse to get him 
into the army, so that he could be transferred to the Waffen SS under 
would set up a resonance with the contents and/or shape of the barrel, 
which would stimulate the molecular vibration of the contents. 

46 This was only intended as a temporary measure, an excuse to get him 
into the army, so that he could be transferred to the Woffen SS under 
Himmler, which as a non-German or Austrian citizen, he could 
otherwise have resisted. He was never fit enough to fight 

47 Through experience, the farmer would learn at what pitch his voice 
would set up a resonance with the contents and/or shape of the barrel, 
which would stimulate the molecular vinration of the contents. 

This Tonsingen or 'singing to clay' would be done at specific times, such 
as immediately after planting and firming of the seed in the soil (roughly 
at Eastertime). The Tonsingen was generally ridiculed, so the farmers 
performed this practice in secret, so that it disappeared more and more 
from the knowledge of later generations. 

The essential features of this practice were that, towards the evening 



the clay loam should be stirred into cooling water with a large wooden 
spoon. When stirred towards the right, the mixing would be accompanied 
by ascending notes or cadences, and when stirred towards the left, with 
descending tones. The clay loam would be stimulated by a variety of 
vocal sounds. Due to the fermentation process taking place in cooling 
water in a state of darkness, the C0 2 breathed out by the ferment, which 
is drawn towards the surface of the water by the loud singing, become 

Good clay contains aluminium, which, through being stirred to the 
sound of singing, becomes freely bound within the water in a very fine 
state. Early in the morning, the old farmer took his barrel out to the 
fields. He would take hold of a strong palm frond, and sprinkle the 
freshly rolled fields, as a priest does his communicants. In this way it was 
possible for the farmer to distribute over his land in very fine distillations. 

48 The layer 'the virgin hymen' is a dielectric layer enabling the vegetation to 
act as a biocondenser. The condenser effect is achieved when the positive 
and negative charges are separated by a non-conducting (dielectric) 
layer. The greater the positive charge on one side of the condenser, so the 
negative charge on the other side will be increased, the two opposite 
charges tending always to equalize. 

50 A high grade molecular quality of the meal was achieved. 

51 A super phosphate(an artificial fertilizer) which is obtained through heat 
processes which destroy many molecular and trace elements. 


Abbreviations: WG: for the periodical Weltgewissen (Worldknown) 

I: for the periodical Implosion 

KE: for the periodical Kosmische Evolution 

Alexandersson, O.: "Arvet fran Viktor Schauberger" Halsa (Health 

"Bioteknik eller Livet" Halsa: 9, 1959 
"Den hemlighetsfulla kraften" Halsa: 8, 1959 
"Det kalla vattnets dolda kraft" Halsa: 2, 1961 
"Implosion contra explosion" Seklet: 4, 1965 
"Kompendium i implosionsteknik" I-III 
Brandstatter, L. : Implosion statt Explosion 

Cibulka, H.: Den fruktbara trddgarden (The fruitful garden): ORBIO, Norr- 

Corcoran, St. Clair B.: A General Spacial Model Jour, of Hydrology, vol.2, 1971, 
New Zealand 

Drobeck, W.: Gedanken uber eine Grosstadt-Wasserversorgung (Ideas on the Water 
Supply for a Large Town): Das Gas und Wasserfach (Gas and Water 
Departments) 108, 1967. H 40, 52; 1968, H 8. 

Hedin, S.: Stora Hastens flykt (The Flight of Large Horses): Stockholm, 1935. 
Jager, H: "Uberwindung der Atomspaltung durch organische Energierzeugung" 
(Overcoming Atom Splitting by the Generation of Organic Energy): WG, 
12, 1957. 

Kokaly, A: "Affaire Viktor Schauberger": WG: 12, 1959 

"Energy aus dem All" (Energy from Everything): I: 41 

"Das Erbe Viktor Schauberger" (The Inheritance of VS.): WG: 12, 1959 

"Der goldene Pflub" (The Golden Plough): Neviges 1958 

Der Lantdwirtschaft-Chemische Bundesversuchsansalt, Linz: "Tatig- 

keitsbericht" (Activity Report) 1949-1952 

Manteuffel-Szoege, L.: "Das Herz ist keine Pumpe" (The Heart is not a 
Pump): KE: 2. 1971 

Mathias, L: "World Forestry Charter Meeting": Trees and the New Earth: 

vol.XV, 1, 1951 

Modern Earth, April 1960 

Norling, G and Alexandersson, O: " Das entwickelte Wasserfadenversuch" 
(Developments in Water Capillary Research): 1, 6 


Patent Applications made in Austria by Viktor Schauberger: 

11 34 87: Einbau zu Wildbachverbaung (Construction of Apparatus for 
producing a Torrent) 1929 

12 21 44: Kiinstliches Gerinne zum Schwemmen von Holz (Artificial 
Trough for Floating Wood) 193 1 

13 45 43: Wasserfuhrung in Rohren und Gerinnen (Water Behaviour in 
Pipes and Troughs) 1933 

13 62 14: Anlage und Einrichtungen zur Regelung des Abflussgerinnes 
von Staubecken (Layout and Arrangements for regulating the outflow 
trough at Staubecken) 1934 

13 82 96: Wasserfiihrung (Water Management) 1934 

14 20 32: Verfahren zur Herstellung von ... Trinkwasser (Procedure for 
the Production of Drinking Water) 1935 

16 66 44: Bodenbearbeitungsgerat (Apparatus for Soil Cultivation) 

19 66 80: Rohrleitung fur flussige und gasformige Medien (Pipes for fluid 
and gaseous matter) 1959 

"Zum Problem der Erdsatelliten" (Problems associated with Earth Satellites): 
WG: 11, 1957 

Rusch, H.P.: Naturwissenschaft vom Morgen (Tomorrow's Natural Science): 

Schauberger, V.: 'Atomwandlung statt Atomzertrummerung" (Atom 
Transformation instead of Atom Destruction): I: 1 1/12 
"Der Bauer und der Ochse" (The Farmer and the Oxen): I: 14 
"Biologische Fruchtbau" (Biological Fruit Cultivation): I: 37 
Letter to the Author, 1956 

"Brief an Prof. Ude" (Letter to Prof. Ude): WG: 1 1/12, 1956 

"Edeldungung mit Hilfe planetaren Bewegung" (High Quality Dung 

with the Help of Planetary Movement): I: 45 

"Ein kleiner Unterschied" (A Small Difference): I: 44 

"Die erste biotechnische Praxis" (The first Biotechnical Practice): 1". 7 

"Die Flussregulierung" (River Control): 1:8 

"Frequentes Wasser" (Abundance of Water): I: 24 

"Die Geheimnisse des Wassers" (Secrets of Water): I: 46 

"Das Geheimnis des Forellenmotors" (The Secret of the Trout Motor): I: 


"Die Geniale Bewegungskraft" (The Genial Power of Movement): 
Neviges: 1959 

"Der gestorte Kreislauf der Natur" (The Disturbed Cycle of Nature): I: 13 
"Die Herstellung von Edelwasser" (Production of Pure Water): I: 13 
"1st der s.g. 'Lichtzuwachs' eine forstwirtschaftl. Errungenschaft?" (Does 
the so-called 'light growth' improve forestry?): I: 14 
"Krebs, die Seuche der technischen eitalters" (Cancer, the pestilence of 
the technically purelent age): I: 29 

"Meine Begegnung mit Adolf Hitler" (My Meeting with Adolf Hitler): I: 

"Die Natur als Lehrmeisterin " (Nature as Instructress): I: 7 
"Naturnahe Landwirtschaft" (Near-to-Nature Agriculture): I: 20 
"Das Problem der Donauregulierung" (The Problem of Controlling the 
Danube): I: 23 



"Das Ratsel Wasser" (The Water Puzzle): not published 

"Das Regenwurmersanatorium" (The Earthworm Sanatorium): I: 21 

"Die Repulsine" (The Repulsine? Repulsator): I: 45 

"Steht die Naturwissenschaft vor der Umkehr?" (Are the Natural Sciences 

at the Crossroads?): WG 2, 1958 

"Der sterbende Wald" (The Dying Forest): I: 20 

"Verfahren und Einrichtungen zur Durchfuhrung organischer Synthesen" 
(The Techniques of Implementing Organic Synthesis): I: 19 
"Wir bewegen falsch" (We move in the wrong direction): I: 19 
"Temperatur und Wasserbewegung" (Temperature and Water Move- 
ment): Die Wasserwirtschaft: 20, 24, 35; 1930 and 3, 5, 9, 10: 1931 
Schauberger, W.: "Das Biophysikalische Prinzip der Bodenfrachtbarkeit 
und des Wasserhaushaltes (The Biophysical Principle of Soil Fertility and 
Water Husbandry): I: 9 

"Gerate zur Spurenelementdungung" (Apparatus for Trace Element 
Manure Production): I: 23 

Schauberger, W. & Harthun, N: "Die scheinbare Dichtesteigerung von 
Wasser im Einrollwirbel" (The apparent increase in Water Density in 
Simple Whirlpools): KE: 4, 1969 

"Der Tod des Viktor Schauberger" (The Death of VS.): Neue Illustrierte 
Wochenachau: 8, 1959 

"Viktor Schauberger und die wissenschaftliche Bwisfuhrung" (V.S. and the 

Direction of Science): Der Kraftquell: July 1959 

"Viktor Schauberger- Bund" (VS. Group) WG: 1 1, 1957 

"Viktor Schauberger- was ist geschehen?" (V.S. - What has Happened?): 

WG: Nov-Dec 1958 

"Viktor Schauberger und die Biotechnik" (V.S. and Biotechnology): Der 
Kraftquell: July 1959 

Zimmermann, W.: "Viktor Schauberger": WG: March, April, May, 1958